Depression and Its Various Forms

Dr Sushil Rudra

Various Forms Of Depression:

Depression is now a massive ailment in modern society. So we must keep alert about this devastating mental illness. Because we couldn’t guess depression and its various forms.

Generally, we couldn’t detect this silent disease. When it comes to us, we don’t have to get alert. Who cares about it when a family member is under mental stress and anxiety? We say, ” All is going well.

Nevertheless, we have no idea that our family member or friend is having a disorder in moods. Therefore, am trying to keep light on depression and its various types of forms. It is the subject of this post.

If we become conscious, then we feel that out of five of our family members, one is going through a series of stress and anxiety disorders. Now the question is what type of depression he or she is facing and how to overcome this situation.

It is normal to feel down once in a while, but if you re-sad most of the time and it affects your daily life, you may have clinical depression. It’s a condition you can treat with medicine, talking to a psychiatrist, and even changes to your lifestyle.

There are many different types of depressions. Events in your life cause some. On the other hand, chemical changes in your brain cause others.

Whatever the cause, your first step is to let your doctor know how you’re feeling. He or she may refer you to a mental health specialist to help figure out the type of depression you have. This diagnosis is very important in deciding the right treatment for you.

2. Secondly, there is another type of depression. Its name is major depression. Full name is Major Depressive Disorder. You might have this type if you feel depressed most of the time for most days of the week.
Some other symptoms you might have are:
• Loss of interest or pleasure in your activities
• Weight Loss or gain
• Trouble getting to sleep or feeling sleepy during the day
• Feeling restless and agitated, or else very sluggish and slowed down physically or mentally, or both
• Being tired and without energy
• Feeling worthless or guilty
• Trouble concentrating on making decisions
• Thought of suicide

However, if you have five or more of these symptoms on most days for two weeks or longer, you are diagnosed with major depression. At least one of the symptoms must be a depressed mood or loss of interest in activities.

Under these circumstances, talk therapy can help. You should meet with a mental health specialist. He/she will help you find ways to manage your depression. Anti-depressing medication can also be helpful in this case.
When therapy and medications are not working, two other options a doctor may suggest. They are as follows :

* Electroconvulsive Therapy( ECT)

* Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

ECT uses electrical pulses and rTMS uses a special kind of magnet to stimulate certain areas of brain activity. This helps the parts of your brain that control your mood work better.

3. The third type of depression is Persistent Depressive Disorder.

Dysthymia is known as Persistent Depressive Disorder. It refers to a type of chronic depression present for more days than not for at least two years. It can be mild, moderate, or severe.

4. Another type of depression is Bipolar Depression.
Bipolar disorder is a mood- disorder characterised by periods of abnormally elevated mood known as mania.
These periods of a major can be mild ( hypomania ), or they can be so extreme as to cause marked impairment with a person’s life. It requires hospitalisation or affects a person’s sense of reality. The vast majority of those with bipolar illness also have episodes of major depression.

In addition to depressed mood and markedly diminished interest in activities. People with bipolar depression often have a range of physical and emotional symptoms which may include:
• Fatigue, Insomnia and Lethargy
• Unexplained aches, pains, and psychomotor agitation
• Hopelessness and loss of self-esteem
• Irritability and anxiety
• Indecision and disorganisation

Finally, we can say that the risk of suicide in bipolar illness is 15 times greater than in the general population. Psychosis ( including hallucinations and delusions) can also occur in more extreme cases.

Read more: 1. Mind – Brain and Depression 2. The Experience Of Facing Depression

5. Seasonal Affective Disorder: ( Depression and its various forms)

If we experience depression, sleepiness and weight gain during the winter months but feel perfectly fine in spring. We may have a condition known as Seasonal Affective Disorder ( SAD ). Recently, Doctors say it as Major Depressive Disorder, with seasonal patterns.

SAD is believed to be triggered by a disturbance in the normal circadian rhythm of the body. Light entering through the eyes influences this rhythm. Moreover, any seasonal variation in night or day patterns can cause a disruption leading to depression.

6. Peripartum Depression ( Postpartum )

Pregnancy can bring about significant hormonal shifts. It can often affect a woman’s mood. Depression can have its onset during pregnancy or following the birth of a child.
Postpartum depression is more than that just the ” baby Blues”.
It can range from persistent lethargy and sadness. Therefore, it requires medical treatment up to postpartum psychosis. This is a condition in which the mood episode is accompanied by confusion, hallucinations, delusions.

Approximately 1 to 10 men also experience depression in the peripartum period.
Antidepressant drugs can help similarly to treating major depression that is unrelated to childbirth.

Read also: The Experience Of Facing Depression

7. Psychotic Depression: 

  People with psychotic depression have the symptoms of major depression along with ” psychotic” symptoms, such as hallucinations( seeing or hearing things that aren’t there.), Delusions ( false beliefs), Paranoia( wrongly believing that others are trying to harm you) 

8. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder ( PMDD) 

 Women with PMDD have depression and other symptoms at the start of their period.

     Besides feeling depressed, they may also have • Mood swings • Irritability • Anxiety • Trouble concentrating • Fatigue • Change in appetite or sleep habit • Feeling of being overwhelmed.

Antidepressant medication or sometimes oral contraceptives can treat PMDD. 

9. Situational Depression: 

  This is not a technical term in psychiatry. But you can have a depressed mood when you are having trouble managing a stressful event in your life, such as a death in your family, a divorce, or losing your job. 

   Doctors may call this ” stress response syndrome”.

     Psychotherapy might help in this situation.

10.  Atypical Depression: 

    Atypical Depression is considered to be a ” specifier” that describes a pattern of depression symptoms. 
   A positive event can temporarily improve one’s mood. 
  Other symptoms of Atypical Depression are : 
    • Increased appetite • Sleeping more than usual • Feeling of heaviness in your arms and legs. 

  Antidepressant medication can help you in such a situation. 

Why Should We Follow Vivekananda

Why should we follow Swami Vivekananda’s views? India at present has been passing through crucial situations due to an unhealthy atmosphere of political anarchy, corruption, unemployment, violence and terrorism, inflammation and so on.

                     Opposition parties are trying to discontinue the parliamentary season.  They consistently are hampering activities of parliamentary seasons. 

  By the name of democracy, they’re protesting against the Central government as the privacy of some important people of different sectors had been leaked through Pegasus, a hacking company. It's an Israel - based company. 

      So the activities of the Parliament was getting stopped by the opposition.
Changing Values and Our Leaders/image: http://kalpatarurudra.

Besides, it’s now going on the pandemic. Sufficient vaccinations are not coming from Central Government.

            Though it is available in the free market. Some dishonest people are making a profit selling it by taking extra money from about 750 Rs to 1000/ Rs. 

Moreover, there are no hard and fast rules to vaccinate the common people. Government is not serious about it.

The government and other ngos should work as Vivekananda advised us. India to him was heaven on earth. He sacrificed his life for the betterment of his motherland. The poor people, the weak people to him was a God. For their upliftment, he wanted to be reborn here in this country.

He wanted economic growth, industrialisation, women’s education and upliftment, and liberty.

He dreamt a new India which will come out from the farmer’s family, from an unprivileged section of the society. But what we’re noticing in the country?

Here women are not safe. The administration is not working for their security. Political insurgency is everywhere. Freedom of speech is violated. Most of the politicians are corrupted. Establishing political powers is their only aim.

In a research paper, it is described that 25 years our country will be governed by the criminals. Perhaps, the prime minister will be a great criminal.

So lets our well-wishers people come forward to construct a new society, a new India where truth, selflessness, sacrifice and devotion will be the only driving powers. We want a new India which Swami Vivekananda deserved heartily.

The Doctor And A Patient: On Depression

– Dr Sushil Rudra

Durgapur, West Bengal

The Story: The Doctor and the patient: on Depression

therapist comforting patient
Photo: The Doctor and a Patient: on depression

This is a story on the Doctor and a patient: on depression. The Doctor is present in his chamber in the morning and busy diagnosing his patients. Naturally, one patient is in the room. The Doctor is taking rather a bit of time to prescribe the medication. However, this story ” the Doctor and the patient: on depression is learnable for everyone.

But outside of the chamber a patient couldn’t wait for a moment and tried to go in. Unfortunately, the attendant stopped him and told, ” Please wait for a while. You will go next after returning the former who is in.”

However, it seems that he couldn’t listen to it. The patient who was outside of the room was very unrest and deeply thoughtful about his health. His wife came with the man. When their turn came, they began to express their problems.

” What’s Your Problem?”

The Doctor asked him. But he said nothing. His wife replied:

” All-day long he is very busy and always says, ” how can I complete my office tasks? I have no time to spare for resting.”

The doctor eagerly listens to him. Practically he( the patient) used to think that his colleagues couldn’t furnish these tasks properly. So he alone must perform this works within a certain amount of time. Therefore, it is his duties to complete this heavy tasks within the stipulated time.

That’s why he was overburdened. He gradually gets worried and his mental pressure becomes high. Lastly, it takes off out of control. Hence, he booked an appointment to this renowned Psychiatry of his city.

In reply to the Doctor, he told:

” Sir, I am very busy throughout the day performing my Herculean tasks of the office. I couldn’t able to finish all the tasks within my office period. Therefore, I have to bring a lot of files in my briefcase to home for completing this office works.

” Doctor, I couldn’t bear these pressures anymore. I’m feeling unwell. Please help me to come out of this massive mental stress. I want to have a peaceful life.

” Please Doctor give me some medicines that I can overcome this burden of mind. I want to get relief? Is there any medicine that gives me relief? “

The Doctor asked him: ” Why do you not finish all the works in the office? You work in the office the whole day. So there’s lots of time to furnish your official tasks there. So why do you carry all the official papers in the home? ”

Then the patient answers: ” I have nothing to do, Sir! I work in the home the rest task when I get time. So I become worried until I finish it. This is a mammoth pressure to me that I want to escape from it. Please help me Sir, to get rid from this burden of the head.”

Read also :1. Mind – Brain and Depression 2. Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir

The Prescription Of The Doctor: The Doctor and a patient: on depression

The Doctor did examine nothing. Rather he stared at him and said:

” Yes, you have come to me for help. I think you trust upon me. So you have to follow my advice what I would prescribe to you. Would you?”

” Sure, Sir! Why not? I have come to you for curtailing my mental pressure and my stresses. I must follow your advice. Tell me what to be done?”

Finally, the Doctor prescribed not a single medicine. Rather he told the patient: ” I won’t write a medicine for you. Only you have to do curtail two hours from your busy schedules. You’ll walk daily for these two hours – walk until you feel fatigued.

Besides, you should provide half an hour in a week to spend that time in front of a graveyard or on the cremation place. Are you ready?”

” What?” – the patient became astonished and told: ” I have come to you from getting relief by some medication, but you don’t give any medicine, rather you are advising me to will. I have no time to spare, Sir!

After a little pause, he told: ” Alright. I must walk as you advice me. But I couldn’t understand why you are advising me to spend some hours before the grave.

The Doctor explains the significance of his words. ” Yes, I insist you to spend some time before the grave because you’re to think about the man who is lying on the ground under the tomb for ever. “

” Why ” – asked the patient in the story” the Doctor and the patient: on depression.

” because death is inevitable to all. One day we have to face it. These men once spent their time in worldly affairs like you. They toiled, they had to face an enormous amount of duties, even like you they thought, without me this tasks would not be finished in time. Other people couldn’t do it. They had taken all the responsibility on their shoulders. But never thought of death.”

After a pause, the Doctor continued: ” One day, like these people, me and you have to face inevitable death. You would be lying there peacefully. The visitors would have been come here to pay their homage to them. This action will never end. It’s an eternal truth.”

The Doctor and the Patient: on depression: this patient was not like other patients. He has the patience and cooled. He was listening to Doctor and tried to follow his advice.

Story no. 2 The Doctor and a patient: on depression

Let listen to another incident. I came to know from my friend who is an eminent psychiatric.

The patient, aged around 60, came to my friend’s chamber. He seems to think that he has been suffering from various diseases. Especially when he urged to defecate a second time, he used to think that he had lost all his energy. Therefore, he uttered – ” I have no hungry. I have lost my appetite. ”

The Doctor has found no clue of the disease. The patient was examined thoroughly seriously but got no symptoms.

The Doctor tried to convince them that he is out of ailments. But became futile. He prescribed some antacid. Some days after, Doctor came to know that the person got suicide.

Story no. 3 / The Doctor and the patient: on depression

Last but not least – this is an incident of a modern smart lady. She is a professor of a college. She has been suffering from insomnia. Moreover, she is a harsh temperament and is always depressed. So weakness wrapped her body and mind.

The Doctor examined her thoroughly. The report is tremendously fine. The Doctor advised her to revisit next time along with her husband. That day the Doctor gave her only medicine for depression, a tonic and some sleeping tablets of very mild doses.

Next week she came to Doctor, but not along with her husband. Her husband was reluctant to come. Because he tried his best to communicate with the Doctors. But they told them that she had no diseases.

Her health is fine. She previously contacts a dozen of Doctors in the city. They advised her the same. ” You are okay.” But she didn’t believe it.

She continued to express her trouble with the mind. And said with a broken heart –

” Doctor, do you think that I am okay? But I feel that I am not going well. I have no attractions in worldly affairs. So I have gotten lost. I don’t have any pleasure in my mind. Save me, Doctor. ”

She said with full of agony and fear. Her face is pale.
However, the Doctor prescribed an anti-depression medicine” Amitriptilin “.
After two weeks she revisits along with her husband. She expressed her gratitude to the Doctor for his help.

The Doctor and the Patient: on depression:

” Thank you, Doctor, I’m indebted to you that you have lit up the lights in my dark life. I am now free of clouds that cluttered me.
Thank you again, Doctor babu. You have saved me from these ailments.

I hope, my readers take lessons from the story ” The Doctor and the Patient: on depression. Please inform me, suggesting to me your opinions that I could have written a helpful article in my blog. However, thanks for reading, liking and sharing this post.

Read more: Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir

The Experience Of Facing Depression

Dr Sushil Kumar Rudra

Steel City Durgapur

My dear Readers, Today, I am going to portray a real story of a rural guy who had to face a bitter experience of depression from his childhood. That’s why the title of this post is” The Experience of Facing Depression”.

Like other village boys, he had to spend his life and regular activities in a rural atmosphere. He was very gentle and sophisticated. His father was a landlord and his mother was a housewife. Therefore, they had a big family. His parents gave birth to six sons and three daughters. Even his widow aunty along with her sons and grandsons usually lived in this big brick-built house.

So the youngest son of the family did not feel any isolation. Though physically he was not very strong. Let’s learn from his mouth how they spent their lives and especially how he had the experience of facing depression. I hope, my readers would enjoy the story.

Read also: Mind – Brain and Depression

The Experience Of Facing Depression:

” I spent my life in a big middle-class family. My father was a landlord and used to stay at the village home. Though we have a home in Sadar or district town in Murshidabad. You all know the history of Murshidabad. The last Nawab of Bengal – Bihar and Odisha, Nawab Sirajudullya had reigned in the Crown during the Mughal period and died in the battle of Plassey.

Murshidabad is the district name, but there is a little town by the name ” Murshidabad”/ Lalbag (the other name of the town ). It’s once the Kingdom of Bengal – Bihar and Odisha. You probably know the history of Murshidabad. How Britishers made a conspiracy with the help of Mirjafar and defeated Nawab of Murshidabad.

That’s another story. So let’s stop it. But there is a similarity of our lives with the previous story. Because my father lost his all property due to new rules made by the then ruling party.

” Though my father was a landlord, the whole life did not spend in the same flow. Suddenly, he had to face economic trouble due to a government injunction rules. The Government at that time passed a rule that no one should possessed more than 75 bighas of agricultural land.

Moreover, CPM party leaders came to our village and they instigated village folks( mostly Mohamedan ) to snatch away the lands from the landlord. Therefore, they forcibly snatched away the lands which was legally ours. Absolutely, this was a bad time for our family. A few years it took time to be normal .

Eventually, it was anarchism in politics. Jyoti Basu was then the Chief Minister of West Bengal. Therefore, our Mahamedan neighbours took this opportunity. They became ferocious at that time. Not all of them, but largely turned into opposition. The situation was such that our family members, especially women didn’t allow outside in broad daylight.

Even it impacts to us. We are then very child, mere a school going boy. Naturally, I was then very nervous. My father’s physical and mental health declined due to this political violence. Eventually, he was forced to become a political victim. Being vested all the property he had to wrap up with deep but silent depressions.

During my teens, I had to experience this situation. Our financial condition was gradually going to worse. Hence, my father became frustrated with the situation he faced with. And ultimately depression wrapped around him and he became a patient of depression.

Gradually we came to our townhouse and took admission in a famous degree college. My immediate elder brother was then a graduate student in the same college. He was a student of the morning season and I’m in the day section as an honours student.

Previously, I have spoken about my father’s bad pecuniary conditions. So our college expenditures were a lot of extra pressure on him. Though we have tried to minimise our expenses. We used to furnish our regular meal ( Lunch & Dinner) with self labour. Never went to hotels for that purpose.

I think we had done a lot for my father sake. After completing three years of graduation from my native town, both the brothers had been shifted to Kolkata ( then Calcutta) for higher education( PG ) and took admission to the University of Calcutta.

My elder brother, who is now a senior Advocate, took already admissionn one year ago to Rabindra Bharati University in Jorasanko, Calcutta.

During our higher education, my one elder brother was a serviceman in Odisha, Jajpur in Talpada Iron Ore Project. Therefore, he used to send money every month for our hostel fee. Though it’s not sufficient for us. My father also gave me some money, not regularly it was.

This was a very crucial time for us. Very tightly we have spent money. Sometimes I used to have a very cheap meal at night. You know that Kolkata is a very cheap city other than Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru.

So we have spent there very cautiously. On the other hand, I have been spending a joyful life. I was very popular in the department because of my singing. We have three sections. Almost all my classmates loved me very much. Occasionally, they requested me to sing a song.

Even my eminent teachers knew me for my singing. But I never took any undue advantages from them. I might have been approached before them for giving me sufficient marks. Some of my classmates utilised it, but I couldn’t.

I never express some of my health ailments. (Read also:Mind – Brain and Depression). In my early years, I have been suffering from chronic dysentery and indigestion. I am recalling the days of my childhood when I had been suffering from blood dysentery. For a long time, I didn’t tell, my parents. But all of a sudden it was exposed to all.

Dr. Pal starts allopathic treatment first of all. He was our House surgeon, an experienced Doctor. He treated me with medicine and pushed injection. But it cured temporarily. Therefore, I had to have homoeopathic treatment for a long time, but not fully cured.

One day my Jethima ( the wife of my father’s elder brother) brought a ” Tabitch” – a folk medicine which is powered by mantra( divine words) and said to put on. Surprisingly, within a day or two, I felt well and gradually became normal. I don’t know whether my readers believe or not !

There is another incident that I had to face in the very early years of my life. It’s also a physical ailment. I was suffering from typhoid and it took almost one month to get recover.
Both the ailments massively influenced me. And I would believe that I am less strong than others. In spite of that, I regularly practised Football, Cricket, Ha Du Du and other rural games.

There is another incident. It is an accident. I got burned out by the hot oil when accidentally the hot iron Kadai ( utensil ) slipped away from my hands. My elder brother admitted to the emergency word in hospital for three days and it took almost one month to be cured. It occurred before my final examination of graduation.

So my physical health was not well enough, though I have completed my graduation successfully.

Mentally I was weak then. But continued my study in Calcutta University . Previously I told that my University days were very joyful. But unfortunately, fever attacked me . The local Doctor prescribed me some medicines. After taking it, my fever came down , but my neck turned back. Immediately, my fellow hostel mates and some local brothers shifted me to National Medical College.

I became normal after taking a medicine. I returned to my home. It was also before my final examination of M.A.

Just before examination, I came to Calcutta. One of my favourite teachers Prof. Dr Manas Kumar Majumdar suggested me some questions about special papers. Moreover, he became astonished to see my weak health.

Still, I could not understand that I have been suffering from mental illness. I was not mentally strong enough. I felt panicked when I used to travel by train for six to seven hours. While walking I didn’t feel normal. Sometimes I noticed the darkness before me, yes. ( Read also: RABINDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION).

This was a terrible experience I have felt. It was just like near the presence of death. Especially it took place while I was alone. If I’m with my friends or anyone acquainted with me, there was no problem. Even I feared to go in hospital or overcrowded place.

It was all the symptoms of panic disorder or attacks. Still, I didn’t take any advice from the Psychiatrists. Yes, one time I went to a specialist before my M.A exam. But truly, I couldn’t express my problems. Because I have no idea about such a mental ailment.

Perhaps my father might have been suffering from mental illness last few years of his life. During that time, he had to face a lot of troubles in family life. Because he was the only earner of my family.

Fortunately, I have got my lectureship in a lien vacancy for three years. So my father got free somewhat.

However, I started my research works for Ph.D then. It was in 1981. My father had died this year. I still remember it. I was then a faculty member in reputed college. So he was proud of that.

On the other hand, the financial crisis had ended. Therefore, I was able to provide financial help for the treatment of my father with an eminent general physician. Though we never thought of any prominent Psychiatry.

Now I understand that he was a patient of mental illness. Even these Doctors could not make out that he should go to psychological treatment. Eventually , I felt that my father was a victim of depression.


Firstly, I have already expressed here the ailments which I have been faced with my physical health. Two major diseases – one is Typhoid and another is blood dysentery.

Secondly, I had to face accident and got burnt with hot oil. Subsequently, I was not fit. During these days I had to face indigestion. Though I have regularly practised Yoga and Pranayama. And I am sure it helped me much.

Thirdly, there was a lot of pressure on my shoulder. I have tried my best to fulfil the demand of my family. On the other hand, I have a lot of pressure on my service life.

Besides, I had to go to Calcutta for my research work. During this period, I had been suffering from panic disorder. It was very strain and painful to me.

At the age of 35, I married. She is educated and intelligent. My mother was then bedridden. After a few months, she left us forever. We then belonged to a joint family. During this period, we were not happy at all. Only we found happiness when my beautiful beloved daughter was born.

However, it was 2nd phase of the experience of facing depression. I used to take some homoeopathic medicines like Kali Phos and Acconite nap.

Eventually, it helps me to control my mental situation. Other than that, I used to practice regularly Arabic and yoga. So it helped me enormously.

However, I was very busy then along with my family, college and tuition. Tuition gives me liquid money. Therefore, two times in the year during summer and Puja vacations we used to go on outings.

Ultimately, we travelled throughout India. We enjoyed it heartily. Never felt any panic or weakness at that time.

But other members of my joint family did not take it with ease. That time I felt that
this world is very critical. Naturally, the bonding of joint family was becoming weak and it turned out to bitterness.

Unfortunately, we decided then for separation from my elder brother. Hence, I felt very isolated. I was then 40. So I became physically and mentally depressed.

However, an experienced Doctor diagnosed me. He was an MD and FRCS. He prescribed some medicines like potheaden. It
continued for a long time. But didn’t alleviate me fully.


How luckily I have been cured from the bitter experience of facing depression. In the meantime, an opportunity came to me for visiting Rajasthan. After visiting almost all of the cities of Rajasthan we have reached Mt. Abu. Luckily, I spent my days there at Brahmakumari guest house.

The organisation has a big hospital ( Global Hospital). They organised and executed this hospital for the local and the guests. However, One day, we went there. There a Psychiatry diagnosed me and told that I was a patient of panic disorder.

” But don’t worry, you would be cured of all panics after getting these medicines and can move anywhere in the world alone.” – He said.

So he prescribed some medicines. I gradually became a normal man. During my youth, I couldn’t travel alone or without any companion, but now at the age of above sixty, I am travelling alone from Durgapur to Mumbai by train or by air. No fear, no panic, no obsession.

But only medicine is not sufficient. For our sound mind we should have an organised lifestyle and scientific food habits. This is must .


                                  Dr Sushil Rudra PhD

How to keep our minds healthy? Yes, it’s a prime question. So let’s follow. Whether we are 20 or 80, it is always a good time to think about ways how to keep our minds healthy? Because people with strong minds live a richer and more fulfilling life.

So, how to keep our minds healthy? The flowing list incorporates plenty of mental, physical and nutritional ways to keep our minds sharp throughout our lifetimes.

 Eventually, Keeping our minds sharp is also a great way to achieve anything big. It helps us be successful in one of the best online criminal justice programs or one paralegal program.

Therefore, we are sure to find some great ideas we can start doing today.

  • GET PLENTY OF MENTAL EXERCISES: How to keep our minds healthy?

The Brain can atrophy just like a muscle can take the following suggestions to give our minds a mental workout every day.

  1. Use Our Brain: There is a lot of knowledge up there. To put it into action. So doing tasks such as thinking through problems or avoiding the calculator for simple arithmetic is one way to exercise our minds.
  • 2. Crossroads: We purchase newspapers. There we can find crosswords puzzles each day. They usually get progressively more difficult as the week goes on, Culminating in the most challenging puzzles on Sunday. If we don’t get the newspaper, we can find many free crosswords puzzles online.
  • 3. Scrabble: We have to play Scrabble with our friends in person or play online. Hence, Scrabble is a great way to get our brains thinking.
  • 4. A regular habit of Reading. Read anything – Books, Magazines, the back of cereal boxes. As a result, reading keeps our minds pumping, and ultimately we learn new things at the same time.
  • 5. News: Keep up with the current events and affairs. Whether our interest in politics, World News, or Sports news, or local small-town gossip, staying current with the news stimulates our minds.
  • 6. Puzzles: The problem-solving skill of working on puzzles help keep our minds sharp. Therefore, start it as early as possible.
  • 7. Word – puzzles: Solve brain teasers such as anagrams, logic problems, or refuses. You can have fun with these puzzles anytime we have a few extra minutes.
  • 9. Movies: Watch a thought-provoking movie. It will widen your brain capacity. Moreover, It’s enjoyable. Entertainment and knowledge – both the things we can get from it. Besides, It also enhances our thoughts processes. So watch any movie when you are in a monotony.
  1. 10. Improve Your Cholesterol: High Levels of LDL ( bad cholesterol) are associated with an increased risk of Dementia. Diet, Exercise, Weight Control, and avoiding tobacco will go a long way towards improving our Cholesterol levels.
  1. 11. Consider Low Dose Aspirin: Some observational studies suggest that low dose aspirin may reduce the risk of Dementia., especially, Vascular Dementia.
  1. 12. Care For Our Emotions:  People who are anxious, depressed, sleep-deprived, or exhausted tend to score poorly on cognitive function tests, a poor score doesn’t necessarily predict an increased risk of cognitive decline in old age, but good mental health and restful sleep are certainly important goals.
  1. 13. How to keep our minds healthy? So Start a New Hobby: You may start swimming or dancing or playing any games. Mainly these are very beneficial for cognitive enhancements. It also supplies mental strength.
  1. 14. If we have a practice in smoking, let’s quit this bad habit. Because Tobacco is not only injurious to physical health but also harmful to mental health. So quit this. ( How to keep our minds healthy?)
  1. 15. How to keep our minds healthy? Start walking. Because Walking can improve our mental health. Walking is the best exercise. of body and mind. Therefore, Every day 10 to 20 minutes of walking can enhance our cognitive impairment. At least 3 days a week we should go walking out.
  1. 16. Ultimately, everyone should avoid Fast Food, Processed foods, White Sugar, Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils, Caffeine, Saturated Fat, Heavy Metals, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Alcohol, Environmental Pollutants.
  1. 17.  Supplement Your Diet The Brain – Healthy Way: Omega 3 Amino Acids are one of the best brain supplements we can take, helping stave off Alzheimer’s, Schizophrenia and depression.
  1. 18. Take Green Tea regularly. Also, take B Vitamins, Vitamin c, Vitamin E, Water, Lecithin, Kombucha, Both are beneficial for mental health.
  1. 19. Eat Healthily: Antioxidant, Fish, Avocado, Fruits and Veggies, Whole Grains, Olive Oil, Onions, Superfoods ( Berries, Blue Berries, Cooked Foods, Breakfast.( HOW TO KEEP OUR MINDS HEALTHY)
  2. Read also: 1. Practice 7 Asana for Immunity 2. International Hypertension Day & Yoga 3. INDIAN YOGA & OUR LIFESTYLES