Posted on by Sushil Rudra

• Modern Society and Mental Stress.                •  How to Overcome Depression?

• The Various Causes Of Mental Illness

Do you know that the modern world is passing through a hectic schedule and almost all people are facing mental trouble due to that? As a result, stress and depression a silent pandemic is growing in the world.

Today’s modern society having a lot of painful diseases the most and dreadful one is mental stress and depressions.

We have lost so many dear and near one as recently spreading out the pandemic “ Covid 19”. Our colleagues, friends, relatives, known and unknown people are not happy because of the demise of their parents, or their adjacent neighbours.

Not only Covid, modern times give us so many mental troubles though it has also provided us  a comfortable life. In spite of that we are not happy and contented .

Stress – free life is not the consequences of modern life. More or less, we have to face mental stress and anxiety in our daily lives.

What is Stress?

Stress is the feeling of being overwhelmed or unable to cope with mental or emotional pressure. Stress effects everyone. All of us experience stress from time to time.

Why it’s different from other Diseases?

Mental health disorder is somewhat different from other diseases. There must be a cause behind any physical disease. It may be affected by any germ or viruses, but the cause behind mental disorders are not germs or viruses.

Cause Behind the Mental Illness:

Mental stress and tension creates underneath the mind a kind of panic, restlessness, fears of death, loss of property or money, insecurity in life and so on.

It generally borne out from the imbalance of body and mind. We can say that mental illness like stress, anxiety, depression – all these disease grow up from Psychosomatic disease.

What’s actually Psychosomatic?

The word “ Psyche “ means Mind and “ Soma “ means Body. The main role acts behind this disease is our competitive upbringing and fast growing modern lifestyle.

The more we are running to achieve success in love and life, the more we are forwarding  towards a personal longing where there is a hope, the more we have to encounter with the uncertainty of lives, the more we are to face mental fatigue. The massive mental fatigue syndrome turns out to mental illness.

We sometimes relinquish it, but it gradually increases  problems. Perhaps we may not able to get a sound sleeps. Busy scheduled, hectic workload might be the cause of mental disorders. We can’t keep pace with the massive routine of daily tasks. So the result is stress and anxiety.

Some Stories: Depression A Silent Pandemic:

Since ancient times people expressed their feelings of depression. Today, what we call as a disease of passion, – in which there is mental depression in one side, and other side is reckless amusement and worldly pleasure. We can find such restless minds, reckless amusement and pleasure and ultimately victims of depression in our mythology and history.

 In Old Testament, there is a memorable  story of depressing king. His name is king Sal. The great epic of Homer’s “ Illiad “, the Epic- poet describes a picture of suicide of Ajacks, which took place due to mental depression.

Four hundred years  before the birth of Jesus Christ, Hippocrates described about depression of mind. There he used a  word “ Melancholia” in this description. Still we are using this word as a definition of depression.

Roman Doctor, Aulas Kornelious Selsus in his book “ Di Re Medicine” explained the cause of depression. He guessed black bile juice as the cause of depression. The origin of the Greek word “Melancholia” comes from it. ‘ Melan’ means black and ‘ Chol ‘means bile ( Pitto ).

In the history of ancient Indian medicine “ Ayurveda “, the wise doctors said that the sound health of body and mind depends on the balance of four physical juices.

We noticed so many descriptions of mental depression in our old manuscripts and epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. A lot of facts about suicide due to depression had been depicted there.


King Dasharath And Depression :

Like common people, King Dasharatha had to face depression three times in his gorgeous and stupendous life. King was attacked by depressions. First depression came to his mind when he incidentally killed a son of a blind parents.

Second time Dasharatha felt depressed when his most adorable and dearest hermit Rishi Viswamitra left from him along with his offsprings.

Third and finally, he became depressed when his two sons Rama and Laxmana left their kingdom along with Sita as they were exiled for fourteen years.

 Ultimately, he became felt  unwell due their absence. Melancholy was his companion unto the last breath. In Ramayana, it’s described that Dasharatha had been suffering from long time mental pain, sorrows, and the disruption of peace.

Even his father, King Aja died fifteen years after his wife, Indumoti’s untimely death. During fifteen years he had been suffering from depression. It’s  due to melancholy. Grief and isolation wrapped him up  for a long time. He did not have any foods and naturally had died unfed.

Depression The Silent Pandemic & Godly Man Rama :

Rama, the godly man was also attacked by

Depression attacked Rama when he was only 15 years old. In Ramayana, the poet describes the depressive state of mind :

Once the physique of Prince Rama was vibrant, now it turns into sicky, feeble and unfolding. He looks like a cloudy and depressed just like a draughted   river. He has lost his glamour of physical body due to depressions. His bloody calm and quite face and his bright eyes turn into Teddy like a white plasma( Lotus ).

Rama used to sit on padmasana (Lotus yoga posture) keeping his one hand under the face. He is very thoughtful and sorrowful. He has no concern about his daily activities. He is in deep sorrows and despair.

No one couldn’t understand why Rama is in this state of mind. His followers and nearer one asks him why he is in this state of mind? But Rama won’t reply to this question. Only being despair and depressed he ate something and very unconsciously do some work.

 The modern medical science describes some characteristics or symptoms of depression. The vital symptoms are rickety, loss of appetite, unwilling to perform any work, forgetful mind, anxiety, lethargy, mood swings, over passionate or zero interest, not interested in moving anywhere, cloudy mind, absent of mind, sickly complexion etc.

Hence, we see some similar characteristics in the appearance and attitudes of the godly man, Rama .

This kind of sorrowfulness, melancholic attitude of one’s mind sometimes acts like a infective disease. We become involved in it and feel sorrow and pain.

Depression A Silent Pandemic

Naturally, when we see in the film the melancholy appearance of the actor who is acting as Rama, we feel sad by being involved. According to Aristotle, it’s “ Catharsis”.

But the poet didn’t refer any incident for the cause of depression faced by Rama. There was no incident behind Rama’s depression. The Priest of the kingdom says that there is no worldly discontent of Rama.

As a result, anything, worldly consumption he had not willing to have. Or this state of Rama’s mind is neither for loss of anything, not for any accident, or sudden  death of nearest one. This grief, suffering and sadness are from the inner world.

We can’t get any sources of information about this melancholy. It’s different from the any other mental depression .

At the age of 18, depression wrapped up again to Rama . The Raj – Vaidya Bashistha gave him some spiritual advice and Rama felt well.

It’s truth that when we are to face any trouble and become restless and depressed, reading Gita every day is a fantabulous remedy for a steady flow of positive energy. It calms our mind.

In this connection here I remember the wish of Rama. He expressed his willingness to commit suicide several times.

 When Ram Chandra came to know that his dearest brother made suicide sinking in deep river Saroyu, he became speechless and massively depressed. Ultimately he got suicide in the same river jumping in the deep water.

 So, It proves the fatality of this silent disease. The story is not finished. The end of the episodes is very sadistic. Everyone of Ayoddha became stunned by sorrows and melancholy hearing the demise of Rama and Laxmana.  

 Following two elders, Bharat and Shatrughna committed suicide afterwards in the same river. It’s an incident of mass suicidal cases in our history.

To be continuedAnxietyDepressionMental HealthMental IllnessMind

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Vidyasagar The Renaissance – Man

Posted on.  by Sushil Rudra

We remember Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, the Renaissance- man for his contributions in the society and in educational arena of Bengal. Today, we are remembering him in his birthday. Obviously, he was a modern man in nineteenth century Bengal as well as India .

He was born in Birsingha village in Hooghly district of Bengal on September 26, 1820. He is famous by the name of “Vidyasagar”. Because he was an eminent intellectual and scholar of contemporary India.

Eshwar Chandra Vidyasagar belonged to a Hindu Brahmin family. He was born to Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi. He was not privileged enough to have a gas lamp at his home and the desire to acquire knowledge made him study under the streetlights.

Through scholarships, he made a quick succession and joined Sanskrit College in Calcutta and graduated in the year 1841.

It took him 12 years to graduate from college. He was also pursuing his part-time job while studying at the same time. He had a qualification in Sanskrit Grammar, literature, dialectics, Vedanta, smriti, and astronomy.

In true sense of the term, Vidyasagar was a renaissance -man. He was also a social reformer, philosopher, philanthropist, and educationalist with a modern vision. He was a person with high morality, honest character, truthfulness, social reform, unselfishness, and liberalism.


Contributions of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar:

He contributed to the removal of social justice, upliftment of women, allowing widow remarriage, and advocating against polygamy.

He played a major part in being appointed as the Head Pandit of Fort William College on December 29, 1841. During that time he felt the need to publish books. Because there’s available no books for learning Bengali and other subjects.

Ultimately, he started writing books for this purpose. For learning Bengali language, he wrote ” Barnaporichay ” which is ever remembered. We have read this book in our childhood. This was the only book in our childhood to be read for learning the Bengali alphabet, punctuation, meaning and so on.
Vidyasagar The Renaissance -Man / image:

The Pioneer Of English Education:

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, the Renaissance- man opened schools for girls. He brought significant reforms in the education sector. He tried to bring justice and equality for women through education.

Besides, hee brought social reforms to change the orthodox Hindu society from within.

He was also a great intellectual activist of the 19th century. And he installed socio-religious reforms into modern history.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar established a number of model schools in Hooghly, Midnapore, Burdwan, and Nadia.

He introduced monthly exams instead of annual ones. Moreover, he introduced supervision of schools and changed the syllabus.

He brought the study of English, Western Science, and Mathematics into the syllabus.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar also started the acceptance of tuition fees and admission fees .Moreover, he made Sunday a weekly holidjay.

However, Eshwar Chandra Vidyasagar entirely reshaped the education system in Bengal.

Books He Authored:

Besides, Vidyasagar authored some books. His works involved Betaal Panchavinsati (1847), Banglar Itihaas (1848), Jivancharita (1849), Shakuntala (1854), Mahabharata (1860), Seetar Vanavas (1860), Bhrantivilaas (1869), Oti Alpa Hoilo (1873), Aabaar Oti Alpa Hoilo (1873), Brajavilaas (1884), Ratnopariksha (1886).

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s did some social reforms. It included ‘Bidhobabivah’ on the widow’s right to remarry (1855), ‘Bahubivah’ on the banning of polygamy (1871), and Balyabivah on the flaws of child marriage.

#Bengali language, 19th century Bengal, Bengal, Bengal Renaissance, Eshwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Renaissance

Read also: 1. Indian Literature And Women Writing 2. Rabindranath as a Singer, Musician & Lyricist 3. KIDS AND SWAMI VIVEKANANDA VANI PROCHAR SAMITY

Kids and Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar Samity

Posted on by Sushil Rudra

kids into classrooms

For imparting education to kids of surrounding areas of Durgapur steel city, Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar society opened more than 40 schools. About 3000 ( three thousand) kids are being taught there.

Most of the NGOs engage the kids in programmes and later admit them into government schools or small private schools, if their parents can afford the fees. But Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar Samity of Durgapur Steel City, are always trying to educate the kids through their own schools.

Kids and Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar Samity/ image:

Food and Nutrition for the Kids:

Most of the tribal kids are having lack of nutrients. They are not fed properly. That’s why, society regularly providing them a tiffin which includes a glass of milk, pan cakes, boil eggs.

These kids are from a most vulnerable tribal societies. They are first-generation getting education. Their parents are very poor. Most of them are daily labour. They used to collect shal leaves and supply it to Mahajan. Mahajan gives them very little money to pay for their labour.

Lady volunteers work with these schools and follow up on the kids.

They provide incentivising services to these primary schools like taking over their sports programmes, running their parent-teacher meetings, conducting teacher training programmes, and helping them set up laboratories and libraries.

This provides the children an incentive to become regular.

The other part of sustenance is working with their families, because if the environment in these children’s homes are not healthy, they will drop out.

The kids aren’t motivated to get to school if there is substance abuse, domestic violence or financial problems at home.

The society tries to have a proper understanding of their homes and help create solutions.

Their support programmes include bringing in healthcare, running vaccination camps (for babies and now for COVID), skill training for mothers, de-addiction for father, etc.

image: kids and Swami Vivekananda Vani prochar Samity /

Mostly, they are trying to provide shelter, education, sports, and other facilities.

Challenges NGO Face :

The main problem for slum kids is poverty related.

It could be caused due to unemployment and lack of education among their parents, poor sanitation, no running water, substance abuse, lack of proper housing, etc.

For the society, the challenge is limited resources. At times something as simple as finding the right teachers seems like a huge challenge.

Not everyone wants to come and teach in a slum because of the unhealthy conditions there.

To go into that environment and stay there the whole day can be pretty challenging for a qualified person who could get a job elsewhere.

That’s why for the teacher more than employment, it has to be a calling — some kind of passion.

Another challenge is to work with the system.

For example, running water is not available in many slums.

Tankers provide water which is expensive and supplied at specific times.

Several children can’t go to school because they have to get water when the tanker comes.

Then there are times when kids are pulled out of school to look after a younger infant.

These are real-life issues that people face, and to get children to school we need to come up with solutions.

The government’s role in helping educate more children

If the government is system-centric, things won’t work. They have to be people-centric.

When we try to enroll street kids in schools, we are asked about their birth certificates, which these kids don’t have.

It will really help if the government can become more child-centric.

In many places the anganwadi structure is there, but how many of these are functioning?

Also, it is important for the teachers to be passionate. Our society are always beside the teachers. They are given a monthly remuneration. Though it’s very small.

In India, teachers are one of the least paid employees despite teaching being one of the most challenging jobs.

I feel people who are working in challenging environments should be paid more, otherwise there is no motivation for them.

The children attending aganwadis may have problems at home, so there is little motivation for them to attend school.

Their parents would rather have them work and bring home money.

Despite their challenging situations back home, there must be something so attractive for the child to wake up in the morning and say, ‘I can’t wait to go to the anganwadi.’

kids and Vani Prochar Society/

Read more: Swami Vivekananda’s Mission To West

To sustain children in education, some NGOs also provides them with nutrition, healthcare services and sports education.

Some of the children we have trained are working with us.

It feels so good to see the children, who have come through our educational programme in the early years, finally graduating.

One of my favourite stories is about this child who was with us at a baking centre in a red light area.

When we first got introduced to him, he wanted to become a goonda. Later he wanted to become a policeman.

A few years ago he graduated from high school. At that time when asked what he wanted to do, he said, ‘I want to get educated and work in child protection.’

Stories like that are what make me go back every morning and do it all over again.

A message for people who’d like to help

In school, most of the teachers have said the pledge, ‘All Indians are my brothers and sisters. I love my country…’

If we really mean what we said, that’s enough. One doesn’t need to wait for the government to come forward to help.

If somebody from your family was in need, would you wait for someone to come and help?

Why blame the system when we can start doing things in a small way?

Vivekananda Vani Prochar Society is such a community whose main objective is to do something for the downtrodden society. Sacrifice and service to man is their main motto.

Durgapur, NGOs, Kids, NGOs, Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar society

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The Pioneer Of The Bengali Novel ?

Dr. Sushil K Rudra

Durgapur Steel City /19.09.2021

Posted on by Sushil Rudra

Who is the pioneer of Bengali novel? This is a long – debated question and we can not say clearly that anyone of the earlier writers is to be the pioneer of Bengali novel.

Surprisingly some critics opinion that the first Bengali Novel was not any Bengali but a Swiss woman. She is Hana Catherine Mullens (1826–1861). Her father came to Chinsurah as a preacher of Christianity.

Miss Mullens learned both Bengali and Sanskrit from the early days of her teens. She wrote Phulmani O Karunar Bibaran (Description of Phulmani and Karuna), in 1852. ( Wikipedia)

But other critics say that Bhabani Charan Bandhopadhay is the debut writer of Bengali novel? He was the editor of Sambad Kaumudi and Samachar Chandrika. He had published the first novel Kalikata Kamalalay (1823).

His other novels are  Nabababubilas or the Amusements of the Modern Baboo (1825), Dyutibilash (1825), Nababibibilash (1831), Sri Gayatirtha Bistar, Ashcharya Upakhyan (1835), Purushottam Chandrika (1844).

But his works hardly satisfy all the characteristics of a Novel. (Wikipedia)

So Bhabani Charan with his Naba Babu Bilash (1825) may claim the first place.

Again, Peary Chand Mitra, from Young Bengal Society may also be counted as the first writer of Bengali Novel. His first novel is  Alaler Gharer Dulal (Bengali: আলালের ঘরের দুলাল. It is published in 1857 which is a Bengali novel by Peary Chand Mitra (1814-1883).

The writer used the pseudonym Tekchand Thakur for this novel. (Wikipedia) This novel by its merit may claim the first printed novel in Bengali.

As per Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan page 423, Harinath Mazumdar or Kangal Harinath wrote a novel Bijay Basanta at the same time.

Most of us would probably say ‘Alaler Gharer Dulal’ (1857-58), written by Peary Chand Mitra under the pseudonym Tekchand Thakur is the first novel. Again, we would be wrong.

While a pioneering novel in many ways, this wasn’t the first published novel in Bengali. That honour goes to a book that all but a handful of scholars have forgotten, written, of all people, by a Swiss woman.

image: The pioneer of Bengali novel?

The novel in question is ‘Phulmani o Karunar Biboron’. It’s published in Bengali in 1852 and rapidly translated into several Indian languages thereafter.

Also Read : The Banned Books In India

Forgotten for about a century, Chittaranjan Bandhopaddhay rediscovered the novel in the 1950s. He was then employed at the National Library.

Read more:Indian Literature And Women Writing

Going through old Bengali books for a particular project, he stumbled upon the 300-page book. Its pages were crumbling, but professionally it was printed.

He didn’t find any author’s name anywhere, but going through the book, realised it must have been written by a woman.

Finally, he consulted an old catalogue to find out that the author’s name was Hana Catherine Mullens. Realising the value of the book, Bandyopadhyay had the book republished in 1959.

The pioneer of Bengali Novel ?/

Hana Catherine Lacroix born in Calcutta. She was the daughter of Alphonse François Lacroix. Mainly he a Swiss Protestant missionary. He went to Chinsurah in 1821. He married Hannah Herklots, who was from a Dutch colonial family.

Since her young age, she developed an astonishing command over spoken Bengali at a very early age. She learned the Bengali language with her native household workers.

So much so that when she was only 12, she began teaching Bengali in a newly established school. The family travelled back to Europe when she was 15, and Hana trained to be a teacher in London before returning to Calcutta.

The pioneer of the Bengali Novel? / image:

In 1845 she married Joseph Mullens. He was a fellow missionary, who had travelled out to India on the same ship as Hana’s father.

The couple continued their work in Calcutta for several more years. Because of her fluency in Bengali, Hana became head of a boarding school for girls, and taught Bible classes to women.

Apart from Phulmani o Karunar Biboron, which bore the tagline that it had been written ‘for the benefit of women’, Hana’s lasting legacy will remain the zenana missions.

(zenana were the secluded living quarters of girls and women, similar to purdah)

There Hana began an outreach programme to educate women.

Having persuaded the widow of a Hindu doctor to accommodate zenana teaching in her home, she negotiated other similar arrangements. By the time of her death in 1861, she was overseeing four zenana missions and visiting another eleven missions every day.

Thus, over two decades before Swarnakumari Devi became the first Bengali woman to write a novel (Deepnirban in 1876). Hana Catherine Mullens had broken new ground and gone where no one had gone before.

Happily, her book is once again available for readers, and irrespective of literary merit, deserves to be read for its historic value alone.

Bankim Chandra Chatterji: The pioneer of Bengali Novel?

Naturally, the Bengali novel started its journey with Durgeshnandini.  Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote this novel in 1865. According to Annada Sankar and Lila Ray,

‘when the novel was introduced in Bengali in the middle of the 19th century, the form itself was new. The prose was new. The secular tone was new in a country hitherto wholly dominated by religion. And also, the society in which and for which it was written was new’ (p. 168).

But some great novelists like Bankim Chandra ChatterjeeRabindranath TagoreManik BandopadhyayTarashankar Bandopadhyay, and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay developed the newly introduced genre.

They enhanced and mistreated its beauty. They did it in such a way that ‘new’ changed into ‘matured’ through their works.

Almost all these literature were published from Calcutta.

Bankim Chandra, Literature, Novel, The pioneer of Bengali Novel.

Read more: Indian Literature And Women Writing


Practice 7 Asana for Immunity

Posted on by Sushil Rudra

We sometimes lose our immunity and feel sick. We become weak and don’t like to perform our regular works with plenty of pleasure. We say it’s due to low immunity. So you can practice 7 asanas for boosting your immunity.

There can be many reasons for susceptibility to sickness and disease — physical imbalance, stress, improper diet and lifestyle to name a few.

Here’s need to be practised some yoga and asana regularly. Anybody can practice 7 asanas for immunity boosting.

However, some of these may require medical attention and diagnosis. But one can also address these conditions naturally through yoga practice.

To build good immunity we need to be in a state of natural wellness, and our body should be able to easily defend itself from any kind of disease or infection.

However, rigorous training causes strain to the body, which can diminish immunity.

So how do you find the balance between training and maintaining good health?

A few yoga asanas helps strengthen immunity and reverse cellular damage caused by ageing

. In order to maintain health and vibrancy in your routine, you should practice yoga for a few minutes every day.

Here are 7 asanas that can help boost your immunity system and ward off illness:

1. Padma asana/ Mukta Padma asana/ MuktaYoga Mudra 2. Nagasana 3. Virabhadrasana 4. (Warrior Pose / Vir Bhadra Asana 5. Bhujangasana 6. Tadasana. 7. Vriksashana

Number 1. Padmasana / Mukta Yoga Mudra

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Practice 7 Asana for boosting Immunity/image:

Yoga Mudra is a very ancient yoga posture. Rishi Muni used to practice all these Asanas . Mukta Yoga Mudra( Sukha asana ) is something easier form of Yoga Mudra. Anybody can perform this posture.

It’s also called as Sukhasana.

Sit down on Sit down on the floor  either in Padmasana ( Lotus pose) or in Sukha asana ( easy pose ) as shown in the above picture. Hold the spine, neck and head erect.

Then look forward, straight at the level of your eyes. You may shut your eyes also. Stretch your arms and rest your wrists on the knees.

Then exhale slowly through both nostrils and simultaneously pull your stomach inward, i.e. contract the abdominal muscles to expel air from your lungs. Keep exhaling till all the air is expelled.

Having exhaled, hold yourself in that position for a second and then start slowly inhaling through both nostrils. Inhale as deeply as you can by stretching out the abdominal muscles.

After inhaling deeply, pause for a second and then start exhaling again. Continue this process 10 to 15 minutes.


It helps you to enrich your immunity. It activates all the organs of the digestive system. Because of this internal activation, disorders of the digestive system are removed and corrected.

Problems like constipation, dysentery, diarrhoea, gastric indigestion and stomach ache are corrected.

However, it is a kind of pranayama that effects various glands of the endocrine system. The adrenal, pancreas, ovary in female and testicles in males are specially activated and energised.

Because of their internal activation, these glands begin to secrete their respective hormones in a normal way.

It also corrects disorders of the circulatory and respiratory systems.

Read more: 1.



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  • Nagasana and Bhujangasana – both are same. Nag means snake. Bhujanga means also snake in Sanskrit. This asana looks like a snake.
  • So it’s called as Nag Asana/ Bhujangasana. The above posture is one kind of Nag Asana. It’s very easy to perform. There is another posture which I have given below( 5 no).
  • There I have discussed in details about it.


It is an extremely powerful and important yoga posture as it strengthens the whole body, improves stamina, and increases the amount of energy you can expend in your daily life.

Besides, it also improves metabolism due to the increased energy utilization.

Secondly, It regulates blood pressure and helps the neural, digestive and circulatory systems. It also aids in the functioning of the auditory organs.

Not only does this strengthen the quadriceps muscles but also provides a great stretch to the shins. The posture is one of five yoga asanas that stretch the inner thigh.


Practice 7 asana for boosting immunity/

To begin this asana, lie flat on the floor on the stomach with legs stretched out and hands beside the body.

Gradually, inhale slowly and raise your knees and clasp your ankles.

Slowly inhale while lifting your chest. Now, pull your legs and stretch them out to form the shape of a bow.

It is a great antidote against unnecessary stress and strengthens the spine.

This pose also works to improve natural immunity.


practice 7 asana for immunity boosting/ image:

This pose trains the body to be flexible, toned and strong.

It involves placing your hands on the floor while extending your legs backward and balancing the spine over a tight core.

This position helps open up your upper back and chest muscles, improves digestion, tones pelvic muscles and stretches hamstrings.

It also builds the strength of your arms and shoulder muscles.

Doing this regularly provides an excellent massage to the internal organs in the abdominal region.


Practice 7 asana for boosting immunity/

This posture is the foundation for all the standing poses.

All you need to do is stand on both legs with both hands reaching up to the sky. Repeat on each side up to 10 times.

After some time, you can slowly lift your head as if you are looking at the horizon, with your palms together and elbows lifted.

As a result, this pose improves posture, stimulates organs, improves your immune system and strengthens your legs and arms.

7. Vriksasana (Tree Pose)

Image : Practice 7 asana for boosting immunity/


The tree pose is one of the most important and commonly practised asanas in Hatha yoga.

Ten minutes of this posture will strengthen immunity and help prevent diseases; 10 hours of work behind a desk is likely to do the opposite.

So, this asana provides numerous physical and mental benefits including improved functioning of internal organs, blood, and nerve supply.

Secondly, it helps in stress management along with treating various other diseases like obesity, rheumatism, backache and depression among others.

Hence, practising it regularly will help to improve the health of your immune system, especially your defence against colds and upper respiratory infections.

All these asanas activate the immune system but it is not a conventional type of immunity enhancement.

Eventually, it increases the ‘natural killer cell’. It’s an aspect of the body’s immunity.

In addition, it is very different from the development of resistance to infection by parasites and viruses. . Health and yoga, Immunity

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Is India Already A Hindu Rashtra?

 Sushil Rudra

In a lecture on “India and secularism,” eminent economist, statesman, and veteran political leader Dr Subramannam Swami remarked that India is already a Hindu Rashtra. How far true it is? Is India already a Hindu Rastra?

However, more than 80% of a citizen of India is Hindu. Is this not sufficient for a Hindu Rastra? India is a place where Hindu deities are worshipped. Our culture is also the same.

But as the people of other sects live here with the same status, we call it a Hindu Rastra. 20% of people aré minorities. Despite its Democratic form of government, India is already a Hindu Rastra – some people think so.


Nowadays some people of both Hindu and Muslim communities and religious sections are violating the Indian Constitution.

Even political leaders are making nuisance with their hate speeches during the election campaigns.

The authority did not take any steps or action against the leaders of political parties who are making hate speeches.

Unless it doesn’t disqualify a person from contesting the election for making hate speeches, there will be no effective check on this sensitive issue.”

Dr Madhav Godbole said the above comment. We all know that Mr Godbole resigned as Union home secretary in the aftermath of the Babri Masjid demolition.

Dr Godbole has written 26 books on Indian policy issues since he bid farewell to the Indian Administrative Service in 1993.

However, he has just published his latest book ” India – A Federal Union of States – Fault Lines, Challenges and Opportunities ” (Konark Publishers).

“I fail to understand why the Supreme Court has not given a direction so far to operationalise secularism,” Dr Godbole tells it.

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In his book, he says that though secularism is part of the basic structure of the Constitution. But here political parties do not follow secularism.

Moreover, not a political party maintain lowfully secularism. It is out of proper operation. What threat does it pose to India and Indian federalism?

All those advocating a Hindu Rashtra must realise that Rashtra is a much larger concept. And a Hindu Rashtra cannot consist of Hindus alone. It is a combination of different religions that constitute India.

Secondly, successive governments did really not perpetrate to secularism over the years.

Despite the Supreme Court ruling that it is part of the basic structure of the Constitution. But the government did not thoroughly operationalise Secularism.

Dr Godbole further says that he fails to understand why the Supreme Court did not give a direction so far to operationalise secularism.

Meanwhile, the Supreme Court has declared several rights as fundamental rights. Even those which are not mentioned in the Constitution, like the right to privacy, right to information also granted .

Supreme Court recognised 8-10 rights. Supreme Court gave recognition of it as a fundamental right. Though these were not in the Constitution.

Similarly, why can’t the Supreme Court say that secularism is part of the basic structure of the Constitution? And therefore, the Supreme authority should take steps to operationalise it?

Thirdly, the minimum that a government can do is to bring a law. Therefore, it says that a candidate should get 50% plus 1 vote to be declared a winner in an election.

S/he will then represent the majority in the real sense of the term. Therefore, her/his appeal will not be limited to her/his caste, creed, community, religion, etc.

The candidate will have to appeal to various sections of society and that will be a real representative democracy.

Fourthly, the Government or Supreme Authority hardly took any action against leaders of political parties who are making hate speeches.

Unless the law disqualifies a person from contesting the election for making hate speeches, there will be no effective check on this sensitive issue. (India is already a Hindu Rastra.)

It needs statesmanship amongst all political parties. They should come together and make a Constitutional amendment.

Besides, they can amend the Representation of People Act to debar the mixing of religion and politics.

For example, why should political parties have flags which are so common to their religions? Because it is beyond secularism.

Therefore, the Election Commission of India should not provide permit such flags of some regional parties.

These is a very large, complex, complicated and sensitive subject. But it will require real statesmanship.

Constitution, Harmony, Hindu, India ,Politics

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11th September:A Remarkable Day

Dr Sushil Rudra

We are going to celebrate 11th September: a remarkable day in the history of India. This is the red-letter day in human civilisation. This is the day when Swami Vivekananda introduced India to the world.

Why does 11th September: a remarkable day? Because Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World’s Religions(1893) on this very day.

On 11th September,1893 Swami Vivekananda became acquainted with the World as an Indian Hindu monk and delivered his eloquent speech before the Western audience.

We all remembered Swami Vivekananda’s iconic speech at the World Religion Conference in Chicago . It is on September 11, 1893 when Swami Vivekanand gave the speech full of wisdom.

For those unversed, it is in this iconic Chicago Speech that Vivekananda addressed the audience as ‘Brothers and Sisters of America’.

In the speech (11th September: a remarkable day ) that blew everyone’s mind. Swami Vivekananda had mentioned the basic yet most important things that one should follow in life.

These things included being patriotic, loving all religions, analysing religion, being acquainted with science, knowing importance and necessity of rituals, being aware of roots of Hinduism.

Moreover, Swami Ji tried to focus on the goal of science. He cared about the cause of the downfall of India and was against religious conversations.

In his lecture, he addressed the American public as “Sisters and Brothers of America”, he then continued –

It fills my heart with joy unspeakable to rise in response to the warm and cordial welcome which you have given us.

I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world. I thank you in the name of the mother of religions; and I thank you in the name of the millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects.

My thanks, also, to some of the speakers on this platform who, referring to the delegates from the Orient, have told you that these men from far-off nations may well claim the honour of bearing to different lands the idea of toleration.

I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.

We believe not only in universal toleration, but we accept all religions as true.

I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth.

I am proud to tell you that we have gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites. They came to southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny.

I am proud to belong to the religion which has sheltered and is still fostering the remnant of the grand Zoroastrian nation.

I will quote to you, brethren, a few lines from a hymn which I remember to have repeated from my earliest boyhood, which is every day repeated by millions of human beings:

‘As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea, so, O Lord, the different paths which men take through different tendencies.

Various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee.’

The present convention, which is one of the most august assemblies ever held, is in itself a vindication, a declaration to the world, of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita:

‘Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to Me.’

Sectarianism, bigotry, and its horrible descendant, fanaticism, have long possessed this beautiful earth.

However, they have filled the earth with violence, drenched it often and often with human blood, destroyed civilization, and sent whole nations to despair.

Had it not been for these horrible demons, human society would be far more advanced than it is now.

But their time comes and I fervently hope that the bell that tolled this morning in honour of this convention may be the death-knell of all fanaticism, of all persecutions.

It would be with the sword or with the pen, and of all uncharitable feelings between persons wending their way to the same goal.”

Read also:1. Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks 2. Why Should We Follow Swami Vivekananda’s views! 3. SWAMI VIVEKANANDA ON NARADA-BHAKTI-SUTRA

A memorable day , Chicago parliament of World’s Religions, Hinduism, Indian Religion, Swami Vivekananda


It was in the year of 1897. Krishnaswami Ayer, Head Master of Town High School was taking classes of the students of junior section. Ramanujan was a student of this class. Krishnaswami was a grave-natured man. Students used to fear him very much. The HM looked around the class and asked the students, ‘ Do you know if you divide a number by the same number, the quotient will be”1″? 

Read more: Why Should We Follow Swami Vivekananda’s views !

He noticed that the students couldn’t understand his question. So again he asked the same question with an instance. 

” Suppose you have five mangoes and you have to distribute it to your five friends equally. So they will get 1 mango each. If you divide 5 mangoes by 5 ( friends ), then the result will be 1? Isn’t it? 

Again The HM follow the faces of the students. Mr. Krishnaswami now felt relax and delight thinking that the students now understood the mathematics.

Meanwhile, a student from the back bench lift his hands up to ask something. The HM became astonished. Generally students don’t ask him about any questions. 

  ” What do you want to say, boy “? The HM Krishnaswami asked the boy. 

   The boy hesitatingly replied:   ” Sir, can I ask a question? 

 ” Yes,” The HM told. 

“Sir, if zero is divided by zero, the quotient will be 1 or not? 

Having heard this question the HM became stunned. He couldn’t believe that a question might come from a student. Thought – what a difficult question it’s! 

   For that moment, HM told him to sit down. But marked the face of the student. He had no answer that very moment. He became defeated by a little boy. 

From then Mr. Krishnaswami tried to search for his whereabouts. Gradually he came to know all about him ( the boy ) and his family. 

His father was a Brahmin by caste and he was very poor. His son’s name is Ramanujan. This poor Brahmin was an accountant in a clothing shop. His mother ‘s name is Kamalatammal who earned very little by singing at the temple. 

Ramanujan was a born- talented. Though he couldn’t complete his institutional education. He had failed to secure FA degree of the college due to his only interest in Mathematics. He was not interested in other subjects and that’s why he failed to secure pass marks in other subjects. His only interest was in mathematics. 

He admitted to two different colleges. After passing articulation he got admission in Government Kumbhukonam college. He got stipend from this college.

Achievement Of Ramanujan :

Ramanujan compiled around 3,900 results consisting of equations and identities. One of his most treasured findings was his infinite series for pi. So this series forms the basis of many algorithms we use today. Moreover, he gave several fascinating formulas to calculate the digits of pi in many unconventional ways.

In addition, he discovered a long list of new ideas to solve many challenging mathematical problems, which gave a significant impetus to the development of game theory. His contribution to game theory is purely based on intuition and natural talent and remains unrivalled to this day.

However, he elaborately described the mock theta function. It is a concept in the realm of modular form in mathematics. Considered an enigma till sometime back, it is now recognized as holomorphic parts of mass forms.

One of Ramanujan’s notebooks was discovered by George Andrews in 1976 in the library at Trinity College. Later the contents of this notebook were published as a book.

1729 is known as the Ramanujan number. It is the sum of the cubes of two numbers 10 and 9. For instance, 1729 results from adding 1000 (the cube of 10) and 729 (the cube of 9). Therefore, this is the smallest number that can be expressed in two different ways as it is the sum of these two cubes. Interestingly, 1729 is a natural number following 1728 and preceding 1730.

Therefore, Ramanujan’s contributions stretch across mathematics fields, including complex analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions.

Besides, Ramanujan’s other notable contributions include hypergeometric series, the Riemann series, the elliptic integrals, the theory of divergent series, and the functional equations of the zeta function.

Teacher’s Day celebration

 Sushil Rudra

Today, 5th September is a special day for the teacher. We convey our regards to our teachers. Generally students arrange this Teacher’s Day celebration every year. And really it’s a grand festival in the educational institution.

For a long long time, I have been enjoying this lovely ceremony in my college. It’s about three and half decades. But last two years it has been continued online. Though today is Sunday, despite students have been arranged and previously told us to join in Google meet.

They meticulously started and finished this program ‘ Teacher’s Day celebration’. We enjoyed it very much. They participated in music, dance, recitation and speech and very perfectly they performed it.

In fact, we have learned from them. Sometimes I think I have a long way to learn many things in this knowledgeable world from anywhere, from anybody, may it be a daily labour, or an unknown person. Sometimes I used to learn from my daughter. She is expert in digital world. But I am a novice.

A new generation has a different outlook on life and the world. So we learn from my students and others people. Might be they’re also our teacher. Are they not?

In fact, knowledge is within us. Teacher only can Ignite this. He is the torch bearer. His main duty is to remove the ignorance and to open the door of the heart. 

“Aggano timirandhosya Jnanjono Shalakaya Chokhsur urmilitang Jeno tosmai Shree gurabenamah.

Guru or Teacher is our God. He always stand by us in every situation of our lives. They inspire us, help us to go forward and achieve any goal. Vidyasagar, Rabindranath, Swami Vivekananda, Dr. Sarbepalli Radhakrisnan, Rishi Aurobindo – they’re all our great teacher.


Today is ex – president of India, Dr. Radhakrisnan’s birthday. His birthday is celebrated as Teacher’s Day in India.

He was a great teacher, distinguished philosopher, eminent statesman. He was also a great writer. He wrote many books on philosophy.

Dr. Radhakrisnan was a brilliant student. He studied in the Madras University. Served as a Professor in Presidency College and Madras University.

With the request of Vice-Chancellor Ashutosh Mukhopaddhay, he joined Calcutta University and hold the post of fifth Jorge. He became Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University and Banaras Hindu University.

He became two times Vice President of India and One time President of India. He was given Bharat Ratna in the year of 1954.

During his Vice Presidentship, his students came to celebrate his birthday. He then advised them to celebrate his birthday as Teacher’s Day.

From then 5th September is commemorated as Teacher’s Day. Hence, It’s a memorable day or event for the teachers and students as well. Teacher’s Day

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Hazara in Afghanistan


Who are Hazara in Afghanistan? Are they followers of Shia, Sunni or others religious faith? In which parts of Afghanistan they used to live? The relations between others Afghanistan and Hazara community. Taliban impact on them?

Asia subcontinent is now in a harsh and burning conditions due to flee of US military troops and their control over Afghanistan after two decades and also dramatic captured by rival millitant group, Taliban. They captured almost all the Afghanistan provincial territories except northern part of this country. Taliban still failed to capture this territory due to its surrounding demography.

   But there is portion of Afghanistan, which is in central Afghanistan, the people of this territory are not supporters of Taliban. They are mostly Shias. Perhaps some of them  were once Buddhists and due to invasion of Muslim invaders, they were being converted into Muslim. They’re “Hazara” community.

  The Hazaraz are a Persian -speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. There are about 38-40 lakh Hazaraz estimated to be living in Afghanistan. This makes them form about 10-12 percent of Afghanistan’s 3.8 crore population.

  Hazaraz consider themselves the descendants of great medieval-age Mongolian emperor Genghis Khan who better known in India as Changez Khan and whose army overran China, Central Asia and Afghanistan in the 13th century. During their rule in the 1990 s, the Taliban had declared Hazaraz as non – Muslim (Kafirs) and ordered their massacre.

  The Hazara were largely autonomous until the 1890s. They belong to Shia . Perhaps very few are Sunni. Their forceful and brutal integration into the nascent Afghan state by Abd al- Rahaman Khan’s predominately Pashtun armies showed the seeds of lasting enmity between the Shii Hazara and the Sunni Pashtuns on both religious and ethnic grounds. Since then the Hazara have faced significant marginalization, persecution, and displacement, perhaps most zealously by the Taliban in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

  Hazaraz are members of an Afghan ethnic minority group, whereas the Pashtuns are a united group of tribes composing the largest ethnic group of Afghanistan. Mostly Pashtuns are of Sunni Muslims. They do not have a distinct look like the Hazara, because they have middle Eastern features. This is the reason why Pashtun discriminate the Hazara community. Hazaraz look like Chinese people.

  Hazaraz are the weakest and poorest race in Afghanistan. That’s why, they are easily subjected to be killed, insulted, and tortured by Pashtuns. This minority Shia Hazaras speak a dialect of Dari( Persian Dialect) called Hazaragi. Though there is little differences between Dari and Hazaragi. The main difference is its accents and Hazaragi’s greater array of Turkic and Mongolic loanwords.

     Hence, they are known as Hazarajat. So the name of central Afghanistan is Hazaristan. Now many Hazara have pursued higher education and have become leaders. They enrolled in the army of previous Afghan government and many furnished top government positions. A number of ministers and governors were Hazara, including Sima Samar, Habiba Sarabi, Sarwar Danish, Stayed Hussein Anwari etc. Even a female from Hazara community, Azra Jafari became the first female Mayor in Afghanistan ( Daykundi Province).

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