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Morbidly obesity is something different from general obesity. It’s more fatal than common obesity. The focus of this discussion is on the effect of disasters on morbidly obese people and to observe the 3 biggest disasters in morbidly obese history.
Before going to main subject, we shall try to notice the exact definition of Morbid Obesity.
What Is Morbid Obesity? The 3 Biggest Disasters In Morbidly Obese
Obesity relates to being overweight and having excessive body fat. The most common method used to determine if a person is obese is known as the body mass index (BMI) calculator.
Eventually, it’s the only tool to measure whether your weight is within a healthy range in relation to your height. A person who is morbidly or severely obese will have too much body fat as per their height. This stage of obesity is also known as class III obesity.
The BMI classifications to measure weight in relation to health are as follows: Below 18.5 – underweight 18.5-24.9 – healthy 25.0-29.9 – overweight 30.0 and 39.9 – obese 40. 0 and above – morbidly obese. In cases of morbid obesity, the patient is one hundred pounds (≈7 stone) overweight and has a BMI of forty or higher.
Why Morbidly Obese people face problem during the time of disaster?
Generally, they are overweight and suffering from other health ailments such as postoperative gastrointestinal complaints, including nausea, vomiting, the dumping syndrome, and other complaints like ulcer, bowel obstructions, hernias, and adhesions.
Many morbidly obese people have food intolerances. They can’t tolerate dairy foods, bread, carbonated beverages, dry to sticky food, or foods of high sugar content.
Generally, medical providers and their patients understand the word “morbid” differently. The preferred term is no longer “morbid obesity”. At present, it is using either “class 3 obesity” or “severe obesity.”
This allows medical providers to communicate that this level of excess weight is a serious health problem without sounding judgmental. The diseases of overweight and obesity are classified into increasing BMI levels that have increasingly higher levels of health consequences.
Levels of Obesity based On BMI
Read also: HEALTH RISK FACTORS LINK TO OBESITY
The following are levels of obesity based on BMI: Overweight: BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m² Class I Obesity: BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m² Class II Obesity: BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m² Class III Obesity: BMI ≥ 40.0 kg/m² .
Mainly the Body weight of a person is 100 pounds or more is morbid obesity. It is above their ideal body weight Or, a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or greater. A BMI of 35 or greater and one or more co-morbid condition is considered to be morbidly obese.
Problems In Morbid Obesity
Morbid obesity interferes with basic physical functions such as breathing problems or walking and sitting problems. Shorter life expectancy and serious health consequences are the major difficulties in the patient with morbid obesity.
Eventually, they have to encounter type 2 diabetes and heart disease also. As a result, they are a social burden and economic problem.
Morbid Obesity : Public Health Issue/6 Week’s Yoga Chart to Reduce Obesity
Obesity is a serious health issue not only in the U.S but throughout the world. 24 million U.S. adults are living with morbid obesity and may qualify for bariatrics surgery.
Morbid Obesity Statistics
However, Morbid Obesity is a serious public health issue throughout the world. More than 24 million U.S. According to the Barbarities speciality Doctors: The higher the level of excess weight, the higher the risk of serious physical and mental health ailments. Even they have to face an early death. Generally, their lifespan is 13 to 15 years shorter than the normal weight mass.
I have seen it before my eyes. A student of mine who was then a student at Post Graduation, only son of his father ( mother died before) got married. Suddenly one day I saw his father on the road wearing a white dhuti (which Bengalees use during funerals).
I asked him, Sir, What happened?
He told me, ” Shuvoda is no more. He had died of a heart attack. He went to attend a marriage ceremony. After taking heavy dinner, when he was in bed, suddenly he died at heart attack. ” This is undoubtedly a tremendous blow-up to his family.
His wife was then pregnant. Shuvoda’s weight was more than 100 kg. He was then only 27. What a tragic death it is! So morbid obesity is a fatal disease. Overweight and obesity, especially morbid or class 3 obesity, is very problematic and has multifaceted dimensions issues.
Another example of untimely death is what happened in my closest relative. He was the son of my elder sister. He worked in a primary school as a fine arts teacher. He was obese. He died of a heart attack after battling 15 days in Hospital. Only 49 years old he was.
Morbid or severe obesity is not only a physical or appearance related problem, it creates a lot of other problems. There are definite problems with discrimination, social bias, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem, but the problem is more extensive.
There are so many morbid obesity-related problems. Obviously, it comes from the strain on the body while carrying extra weight. They suffer from Hypertension, congestive heart failure, sleep apnea, shortness of breath, nerve pain, arthritis, back pain, heartburn, leg swelling, varicose veins etc.
Even they are usually face bad cholesterol and severe heart attack, Increased risk of many cancers Type 2 diabetes, Fatty liver disease, Dementia, Kidney disease, Gout, Asthma, and Blood clots, rheumatoid arthritis etc.
In addition, these morbidly obese people often require protein-rich foods. Sometimes they need to avoid dehydration. As a result, the complicated logistics of nutritional supplements and support in a disaster may put these patients at risk for a variety of gastrointestinal complaints, poor wound healing, and also dehydration.
The 3 Biggest Disasters In Morbidly Obese
Now, let’s come to depict 3 disasters in morbidly obese history. These are namely 1. Chemical, Biological and Radiological Disaster 2. Natural Disaster and 3. Trauma, Blast and Burn Injury.
Natural Disaster In Recent Times:
Last two decades we have experienced various types of disasters. The year 2017 may be remembered for a multitude of disasters around the world. These are Hurricane Hervey, Irma and Maria that devastated public lives. Tsunami held few years ago in Sri Lanka and other areas. So many people died, and some people were rehabilitated in a safe place.
Another natural disaster is earthquake. It devastated many lives in Japan, Nepal and Sikkim of India. Harvey and Irma devastated Island nations in the Caribbean and the United States of America, and deadly earthquakes in Mexico and tremendous flooding to South Asia.
Chemical, Biological and Radiological Disasters
Modern Science is undoubtedly a blessing to human society. From cultivation to communication, in every field of life, we are enjoying so many facilities with the help of science. But it has pros and cons. We know about pros of science. Medical science has developed a lot. We are getting its benefits. But misuse of too much chemical is ruining our body and mind.
Besides, some developed countries are making bioweapon. Both chemical and biological disasters are harmful to morbidly obese people. Poisoning environment is also a disaster for morbidly obese patients. As they need maximum pure oxygen, due to lack of it, they are unable to survive.
Last but not least, a traumatic or burn injury is a horrible disaster for morbidly obese people. If happened to them such kind of disaster, they need sufficient assistance for rehabilitation. Due to high morbidity, they can’t move in a safe place individually and need the help of volunteers. Otherwise, they can’t survive. We know numerous cases of traumatic patients who were brunt, but due to heavy fat, they couldn’t able to save themselves.
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