crop obese woman in gym

Are You Obese? And Don’t Know How to be Controlled

         

Dr.Sushil Rudra Ph.D

 Are you obese and don’t know how to be controlled? You are in the right place. You certainly know that obesity is not a symptom of good health. Mostly the new generation, women and middle-aged people are the victims of these  health problems.

             Obesity is now a universal  problem. How to lose belly fat easily? 

Belly fat is a common weight loss goal. It can act very adversely on our daily lives. Most of the time we can’t get our favourite dress or trousers in proportional sizes. And we settle for those mediocre-looking ones from clothing stores. Too much belly fat can affect your health in a way that other fat doesn’t.

TYPES OF CONTENTS

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ASIN: B0B53TBS33

  • Introduction 
  • What is Belly fat 
  • Classification of Childhood Obesity 
  • Psychological Impact 
  • Obesity in Adolescents
  • Impact on Health
  • What are the causes of Obesity
  • Body Growth Pattern
  • Epidemiology of Child obesity 
  • Research 
  • Methods to lose belly fat 
  • More Ways to lose belly 
  • What don’t do 
  • Maintain another Set of Rules 
  • Should not be done 
  • Keep it minds some rules 
  • Follow these rules more
  • Conclusion 

Sometimes you may find it hard to do activities that you used to do. So we often get depressed or lose confidence. Fortunately, there are many methods to get back on track and lose that stubborn belly fat. Losing this fat can have significant benefits for your health and well-being.

What is belly fat?

Belly fat or pot belly is a cumulation of body fat to the abdominal area. If you gain too much weight, your body starts to store your fat in unusual places. Excessive fat deposit around the stomach and abdomen is termed belly fat.

It is also associated with health conditions like type two diabetes and heart disease. As losing this fat can promote significant changes in one’s mental and physical well-being. Certain weight loss techniques or strategies can target the belly fat area more specifically.

Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern.[1]        

                                                       The term ‘overweight’ rather than ‘obese’ is often used. While discussing childhood obesity, as it is less stigmatizing, although the term ‘overweight’ can also refer to a different BMI category.[2] 

           The prevalence of childhood obesity is known to differ by sex and gender.[3] What is childhood obesity?  Children with varying degrees of body fat Specialty Endocrinology, pediatrics, bariatrics.

Classification of childhood obesity:

   How to classify? BMI for age percentiles for boys 2 to 20 years of age. BMI for age percentiles for girls 2 to 20 years of age. Body mass index (BMI) is acceptable for determining obesity for children two years of age and older.[4] 

          It is determined by the ratio of weight to height.[5] The normal range for BMI in children vary with age and sex. While a BMI above the 85th percentile is defined as overweight. A BMI greater than or equal to the 95th percentile. It is defined as obesity by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

            It has published tables for determining this in children.[6] The US Preventive Service Task Force reported that not all children with a high BMI need to lose weight though. High BMI can identify a possible weight problem, but does not differentiate between fat or lean tissue.[7]

                   On the other hand, BMI may mistakenly rule out some children who do have excess adipose tissue. It is therefore beneficial to supplement the reliability of a BMI diagnosis with additional screening tools such as adipose tissue or skin fold measurements.[8]

    Effects on health And  Psychological Impact:  

Social stigma of obesity: 

 The first problem in obese children are usually emotional or psychological.[9] Obese children often experience bullying by their peers.[10][11] Some are harassed or discriminated against by their own family.[11] 

     As a result, this  stereotypes abound and may lead to low self-esteem and depression.[12] Physical Childhood obesity however can also lead to life-threatening conditions including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep problems, cancer, and other disorders.[13][14] 

         Some of the other disorders would include liver disease, early puberty or menarche, eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, skin infections, and asthma and other respiratory problems.[15] 

Obesity In Adolescents:

The early physical effects of obesity in adolescence include, almost all of the child’s organs being affected, gallstones, hepatitis, sleep apnoea and increased intracranial pressure.[16] Overweight children are also more likely to grow up to be overweight adults.[14]

            Obesity during adolescence has been found to increase mortality rates during adulthood.[17] A 2008 study has found that children who are obese have carotid arteries which have prematurely aged by as much as thirty years as well as abnormal levels of cholesterol.[18] 

  Impact on Health  : 

   Endocrine Impaired, glucose tolerance, Diabetes mellitus, Metabolic syndrome, Hyperandrogenism, Effects on growth and puberty Nulliparity and nulligravidity[19] Cardiovascular Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia , Increased risk of coronary heart disease as an adult .

Besides, Gastrointestinal  Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Cholelithiasis , Respiratory Obstructive sleep apnea,  Obesity hyperventilation, syndrome Musculoskeletal Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), Blount disease, Neurological Idiopathic intracranial hypertension,  Psychosocial Distorted peer relationships,  Poor self-esteem [20],  Anxiety ,Depression,  Skin Furunculosis Intertrigo [21]etc. 

   Long-term effects: 

             Children who are obese are likely to be obese as adults. Thus, they are more at risk for adult health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.

                One study showed that children who became obese as early as age 2 were more likely to be obese as adults.[22] According to an article in The New York Times all of these health effects are contributing to a shorter lifespan of five years for these obese children. 

             It is the first time in two centuries that the current generation of children in America may have a shorter lifespan than their parents.[23]

What are the Causes: 

 Childhood obesity can be brought on by a range of factors which often act in combination.[24][25][26][27][28] “Obesogenic environment” is the medical term set aside for this mixture of elements.[29] The greatest risk factor for child obesity is the obesity of both parents. This may be reflected by the family’s environment and genetics.[30] 

Others Reasons:

           Other reasons may also be due to psychological factors and the child’s body type. A 2010 review stated that childhood obesity likely is the result of the interaction of natural selection favouring those with more parsimonious energy metabolism. Moreover, today’s consumerist society with easy access to energy dense cheap foods and less energy requirements in daily life.[31] 

       Factors include the increase in use of technology, increase in snacks and portion size of meals, and the decrease in the physical activity of children. 

                 A study found kids that use electronic devices 3 or more hours a day had between a 17- 44% increased risk of being overweight, or a 10- 61% increased risk of obese (Cespedes 2011).

       Childhood obesity is common among children from low-income, African American and Hispanic communities. This is mainly because minority children spend less time playing outside the house and staying active.

        Some contributors to childhood obesity are that parents would rather have their children stay inside the home because they fear that gang, drug violence, and other dangers might harm them.[32]

      Genetics and Childhood obesity:

Childhood obesity  is often the result of an interplay between many genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in various genes controlling appetite and metabolism predispose individuals to obesity when sufficient calories are present. 

          Over 200 genes affect weight by determining activity level, food preferences, body type, and metabolism.[33] 

        Having two copies of the allele called FTO increases the likelihood of both obesity and diabetes.[34] As such, obesity is a major feature of a number of rare genetic conditions that are often present in childhood. 

      One study found that 80% of the offspring of two obese parents were obese in contrast to less than 10% of the offspring of two parents who were of normal weight.[1][37] The percentage of obesity that can be attributed to genetics varies from 6% to 85% depending on the population examined.[38]

        Family practices In the recent decades: 

 Family practices have significantly changed, and several of these practices greatly contribute to childhood obesity:[5] With a decreasing number of mothers who breast-feed, more infants become obese children as they grow up and are reared on infant formula instead.[39] 

              Less children go outside and engage in active play as technology, such as television and video games, keep children indoors. Rather than walking or biking to a bus-stop or directly to school, more school-age children are driven to school by their parents, reducing physical activity. 

         As family sizes decrease, the children’s pester power, their ability to force adults to do what they want, increases. This ability enables them to have easier access to calorie-packed foods, such as candy and soda drinks. 

          The social context around family meal-time plays a role in rates of childhood obesity:  Social policies : 

                     We came to know from newspapers that First Lady Michelle Obama with students in Virginia sampled healthy meals being introduced by the United States Department of Agriculture. Different communities and nations have adopted varying social practices and policies. They are either beneficial or detrimental to children’s physical health. 

These social factors include:[5] 

     These are the quality of school lunches, the emphasis of schools on physical activity, access to vending machines and fast-food restaurants, the prevalence of and access to parks, bike paths, and sidewalks government subsidies for corn oil and sugar advertising of fast-food restaurants. Furthermore, candy prices of healthy and unhealthy foods access etc. So it should be fresh, healthy, and affordable food[40].

    Key Responsible is  Advertising :

Moreover, advertising of unhealthy foods correlates with childhood obesity rates.[5] In some nations, advertising of candy, cereal, and fast-food restaurants is illegal or limited on children’s television channels.[41] Although the media defends itself by blaming the parents for yielding to their children’s demands for unhealthy foods.[5] 

           Socioeconomic status:

                  It is much more common for young people who come from a racial or ethnic minority, or for those who have a lower socioeconomic status, to be overweight and to engage in less healthy behaviors and sedentary activities.[42] 

Prevention: Read also:6 Week’s Yoga Chart to Reduce Obesity

Schools play a large role in preventing childhood obesity by providing a safe and supporting environment with policies and practices that support healthy behaviors.[43] At home, parents can help prevent their children from becoming overweight by changing the way the family eats and exercises together.

          So the best way children learn is by example. Therefore, parents should lead by example by living a healthy lifestyle.[44] Screening for obesity is recommended in those over the age of six.[45] Both physical activity and diet can help to reduce the risk of obesity in children from 0 to 5 years old. Meanwhile, exclusive physical activity can reduce the risk of obesity for children aged from 6 to 12 years old, and adolescents aged from 13 to 18 years old.[46] 

                            The implementation of strategies to improve childcare services such as preschools, nurseries, daycare, and kindergarten on healthy eating, physical activity, and obesity prevention shows little effect on a child’s diet, physical activity, and weight status.[47] 

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