Mind – Brain and Depression

What is Mind? 

anxious young woman cover wing ears with hands sitting on chair
Photo: Pexels.com/ Mind – Brain and Depression

It’s difficult to answer in a word what is mind? The attributes that make up the mind are debated. Some psychologists argue that only the ” higher” intellectual functions constitute the mind, particularly reason and memory. So Our discussion in this post is mind – Brain and Depression.

  The emotions – love, hate, fear and joy – are more primitive or subjective. It’s different from the mind as such. 

Others argue that we can not separate various rational and emotional states. Because they’re of the same nature and origin. Therefore, it should be considered all part of it as mind. 

  • Mind And Thought:

In popular usage, the Mind is frequently synonymous with thought. The private conversation with ourselves that carry on ‘ inside our heads.

Thus we ” make up our minds”, “change our minds” or are “of two minds” about something. 

One of the key attributes of the mind in this sense is that it’s absolutely a private sphere. Therefore, no one but the owner has access to this sphere . 

No one else can ” know our minds”. They can only interpret. So we consciously or unconsciously communicate. 

This we can say, the mind is a set of cognitive faculties. They are including consciousness, imagination, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory. 

We can define it as the faculty of an entity’s thoughts and consciousness. It holds the power of imagination, recognition, and appreciation.

It is also responsible for processing feelings and emotions. It may result in attitudes and actions. 

 Moreover, we have a stream of consciousness in our minds. It’s a system where sense impressions and mental phenomena are constantly changing. 

 The Relation Between Mind And Brain and depression:

Mind and Brain are not the same. Our Brain is part of the visible, tangible world of the body. The Brain is the central processing unit of the Body. So it plays a key role in translating the content of the mind. 

  These are our thoughts, feelings, attitudes, beliefs, memories and imagination. The Brain acts as a translator.

This central processing unit of the body is translating the content of the mind into complex patterns of nerve cells. It is firing and releasing chemical. 

What Is Cerebrum? Mind – Brain and Depression

Mind – Brain and Depression/https://kalpatarurudra.org

The Cerebrum is the large outer part of the Brain. It controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions.

 It also helps to activate muscle movement like walking. Moreover, the cerebrum controls vision, hearing, and other senses. 

So we can say that the mind, after all, is generally synonymous with our thoughts, feelings, memories, beliefs. Therefore, it is the source of our behaviours. 

It’s not made of the material. But we think of it as quite powerful, or even as who we are. 

More Definition of The Brain: 

woman in white v neck t shirt smiling
/ Mind – Brain and Depression / image: www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

We will try to discuss in detail about brain. Naturally, the brain is three – pounds slab of Tofu – Textured tissue inside our skull. 

The physical source of all that we call the mind. If we are having a thought or experiencing an emotion, it’s because our brain has done something. 

Specifically, electrical signals crackled along a whole bunch of neurons. These neurons handed off droplets of neurochemical like runners handing off a baton in a relay race.

Secondly, the Brain is a biological component of our body, whereas the mind comes from generations -, our ancestral elements. 

  Recently, I have gone through an article by Professor, B. N. Hegde ( Former Prof. Of Cardiology, University of London) –  

 ” The way to get back on his feet ” in Hindu Daily dated 23.10. 2011.

The article says that through the mind we can transmit electromagnetic energy at a speed of 186000 miles per second. On the other hand, chemical energy is travelling at a speed of just one centimetre per second.

The miraculous thing is that the Brain is required for enabling our mind to do this travelling. 

 Moreover, living organisms must receive and interpret environmental signals to survive. The signal reaches the single cells through their antenna in the cell walls.

Therefore, our connection with the outer world is through the cell walls, ie. our true brain. 

BRAIN DIES, BUT MIND NEVER:?( Mind – Brain and Depression)

Our brains die immediately on our death, whereas the mind never dies immediately. Sometimes it takes centuries for its death. 

I think there is a very subtle difference between the brain and the mind. Perhaps it’s normally below our threshold level. So this difference is not brought to our perceptible level. 

Ordinarily, there is no distinction between them. Only the regular practitioner of meditation and yoga can understand the difference between brain and mind clear. Otherwise, all is guesswork. 

Read also: 1. How To Avoid Depression? 2. Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir 3. Seven Sisters – Insurgency and Depression

  The Real Difference Between The Mind And Brain :

The real difference is that the brain is an organ whereas the mind is not. The mind is vested in the brain.

The mind generates thoughts, awareness of consciousness, feeling willpower, and reminiscences. It resides in the brain through electronic impulses. It can understand. 

 The brain, however, synchronises the individual actions. It helps to move, well – being and communicate information.

We think through the mind. Consequently, there is a connection between the mind and the brain. It leads to its differences. 

Another difference is that the mind is an immortal component of the personality. The brain is the material component of the head. Though the mind is not the brain and the brain is not the mind.

However, there is a connection between both in the working processes in making meaning out of life and activities. 

The Mind – Brain and Depression /Meditation: 

As the mind is an involuntary function. So It is associated with emotions. The practise of meditation and yoga can indeed control involuntary functions.

During the advanced stage of practising meditation and yoga mind comes under the control of meditators. 

 What does Sri Aurobindo say? 

According to Sri Aurobindo, the great Indian Seer says: in yoga, one can isolate the mind. Watch its workings under a microscope. Separate every minute function of the various parts of the inner organ. Even notice every mental and moral faculty.

Read also : 1. AM I DEPRESSED? 2. Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir 3. Seven Sisters – Insurgency and Depression

Read also: RABINDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION

Photo : Pexels.com/ Mind – Brain and Depression

Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks

Sri ‘M’ ( Mahendra Nath Gupta) took notes of the divine talks of Sree Ramkrishna. He named it ” Ramkrishna Kathamrita” when it was published later from Kathamrita Bhawan. Unlike him, Miss Waldo, a devotee of Swami Vivekananda took notes of his teachings. Fortunately, we get Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks.

When Swami taught them about ancient Hindu scriptures, Waldo took notes of it.

Swami Ji there discussed Indian philosophy and religion. Patanjali’s Yogasutra, the Srimad Bhagwat Gita, Vedanta Religion, the Avadhuta Gita – all these subjects he explained thoroughly. Not only that, but he also explains the Brihadaranyaka and Katha Upanishads, Bhakti yoga etc.

Luckily, Waldo took notes of all that discussion. So we, fortunately, can avail Swami Vivekananda’s “Inspired Talks”.

Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks / image:www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg
Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks/image: www.kalpatarurudra.org

Furthermore, there Swami Ji taught and discussed Buddha, Christ. They are his favourite incarnations.

Then he discussed free will, the art of teaching, the need for chastity, the theory of Raja Yoga, the practice of Karma Yoga and Bhakti Yoga and so on.

On the morning of July 6, Vivekananda went through the entire text of Shankara’s introduction to his commentary. Mainly it is the subject of adhyasa.

On this same morning of July 6, he also narrated Shankara’s commentary. It was on the first and second aphorisms of Brahma Sutras.

Vivekananda tried to bring out the silent points from the midst of long and weighty arguments. Hence, It tends to confound the Western disciples.

Swamiji began a discussion of the Vedanta Sutras on July 6. On July 10, he took up the commentary on the third aphorisms. On July 12 and 16, he explained the fourth aphorisms.

Besides, on July 18, he discussed the fifth aphorisms of Brahma Sutras.

Swamiji seems to have begun his discussion of Ramanuja’s philosophy on July 7, Sunday morning.

He quoted from Ramanuja’s Shri Bhashya on that afternoon. As for the Bhashya of Madhvacharya, he didn’t linger with it.

“Madhava is a thoroughgoing dualist or Adventist” – he said. He hardly quoted from the Puranas. He said that Brahman means Vishnu, not Shiva at all.

Read also:1. Kids and Swami Vivekananda Vani Prochar Samity 2. Swami Vivekananda – Leo Tolstoy – Gandhi 3. The Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda 4. Swami Vivekananda’s Mission To West

Read more:http://Swani VivekanandaThe Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda 2. Why Should We Follow Swami Vivekananda’s views!

” Because there is no salvation except through Vishnu…. There is no place for reasoning in Madhava’s explanation. It’s all taken from the revelation in the Vedas.” ( Complete Works, 7:37)

It was the Bhashyas of Shankara and Ramanuja. It made Swamiji’s attention from July 6 to July 19. Throughout these classes, he not only quoted from the commentaries but gave his harmonising views.

So he mainly emphasised Advaita. That is the dualistic religion. Therefore, It is from the crudest to the most rarefied.

Ultimately, it led to the highest realisations of all. – It is the identity of the unveiled soul with the Self or Brahman.

In Thousand Island Park, he was very regular to taking his classes in this subject. He explained, again and again, the place of dualistic religions. It’s Advaita Vedanta. ( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired talks )

Mainly, it’s the meaning of the Personal God. In other words, it is about the Absolute Brahman.

He said on July 19, ” So long as I say ” you ” I have the right to speak of God protecting us.

Hence, I see another, I must take all the consequences and put in the third, the ideal. It stands between us. That is the apex of the triangle. – The idea of creation or change is inseparably connected with will.

So long as we perceive this world in motion, we have to conceive of it. …. From our present standpoint, this world appears to us as will and conscious use.

Personal God is as much an entity for Himself. We care for ourselves, and no more.” ( Waldo, loc. cit, P- 12).

Some days later he told:

” Separating ourselves from the Absolute and attributing certain qualities to It, gives us Ishwvara. It is the Reality of the Universe. We see it through our mind”. (CW -7:67)

A week later :

” Man does not manufacture God out of his own. But he can only see God in the light of his capacity. And he attributes to Him the best of all he knows.

Each attribute is the whole of God. This signifies the whole by one quality. It is the metaphysical explanation of the Personal God.

Though Ishwara is without form, Yet has all forms. It is without qualities, yet has all qualities. As human beings, we have to see the trinity of existence – God, man, nature. So we can not do otherwise. ( CW -7:82)

Read more: And Let Shyama Dance There – Swami Vivekananda

Kalpataru
Kalpataru

Part -2

Swami Vivekananda’s “Inspired Talks” is a bunch of talks. These are the Gospel of Swami Vivekananda. It’s the divine utterances of the Hindu monk, Vivekananda.

The great World Teacher taught his 12(-1 may be less according to Marie Louise Burke) Western disciples or students by his spiritual advice at Miss Dutcher’s cottage in Thousand Island Park of America.

And ultimately, Swami ji’s disciple, Miss. Dutcher published these lectures. It is famous as Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks.

Read also: 1. The Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda 2. SWAMI VIVEKANANDA: THE POET & HIS POEMS

Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks / image: www.kalpatarurudra.org /jpg

It was in 1895. Swamiji got an invitation from Miss Dutcher to visit there for some time for a summer retreat.

So he had accepted her invitation to get little rest from the busiest schedule of lectures in America. In this connection, Swami Vivekananda wrote a letter to Mrs Ole Bull:( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks )

…” I cannot go to Green acre now. I have arranged to go to the Thousand Island, wherever that may be. There is a cottage belonging to Miss Dutcher, one of my students, and a few of us will be there in rest and peace and seclusion.

I want to manufacture a few “Yogis” out of the materials of the classes ( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks ). And a busy farm [fair] like Green acre. It is the last place for that, while the other is quite out of the way, and none of the curiosity – seekers will dare go there “.(April 25, 1895, Letters of Swami Vivekananda )

Ready to Welcome Swami Vivekananda
On June 18, 1895.

Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks/image: www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

Vivekananda left the White Mountains of New Hampshire by train for Thousand Island Park. It is about 200 miles to the west, where some of his students awaited him.

From Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks : ” Everything at the Park had, it would seem, been ready for his coming. – wrote Marie Louise Burke in his book ” New Discoveries”.

Finally, everything was refurbished from Dock to electric lights of the park to Tabernacle. Even the steamer St. Lawrence.

It had been newly cleaned, painted, brightly lighted. It’s a refurbished community to which Swami Vivekananda reached at.

Miss Dutcher ( Mary Elizabeth Dutcher) along with 2/3 other disciples already reached at the Dock to greet him and to escort him.

Miss Dutcher had a little three stories building. So She thought that it was not sufficient for her Master. That’s why for Swamiji’s comfort and privacy she made arrangements to add a wing to the cottage.

The house was a three-storied building. In addition, there was a guest room on the lowest floor, a classroom on the first floor, and Swamiji’s room on the top floor.

Besides, there was an open terrace with a magnificent view of the river. Naturally, Swamiji used to spend some time here and observe the beautiful nature.

“Welcome Vivekananda” read the banner that greeted SWAMI as he entered the Cottage for the beginning of a remarkable seven weeks.

• THOUSAND ISLAND PARK: Swami Vivekananda’s INSPIRED TALKS

In brief, Thousand Island Park is a small village. It’s located on Wellesley Island. It’s in a remote area about 360 miles from New York City. This village is on the St. Lawrence River, near the Canadian border. So it was a very serene and attractive place.

Although the Park was only 20 years old in 1895, yet its attraction was enough. So there formed a community of 600 cottages. In addition, several thousand summer residents supported a program of recreation for both mind and body.

Moreover, it attracted celebraty preachers and speakers . Amongst the prominent speakers were Susan B. Anthony and Federick Douglas and so on .

Through the eyes of Swamiji, the natural beauty of the place was charming.

In short, by 1890s, Thousand Island Park was a summer resort par excellence. But there was massive change or transformation from a remote wilderness to a popular resort.

Eventually, It is a land where people of various tastes used to visit for some days.

Hence, they used to enjoy themselves with their relatives and friends. They used to spend their time playing, dancing. Some went boating and so on and otherwise enjoyed themselves.

By 1895, this Island as a whole drew thousands of excursionists every day. The island was quiet and It’s 800 acres in area. It was then hilly jungle. Therefore, very very isolated and serene place.

However, there were lots of cottages out of 100 acres. So There are small and large cottages about 600 and over and in addition to the hotel, there are at least a dozen rooming houses.

Read more: 1. Why Should We Follow Swami Vivekananda’s views! 2.The Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda

Swamiji wrote in early July : ( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks )

” It is a very beautiful spot, but I am afraid it becomes too crowded during the season.”( Complete Works, 5:89). (Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks )

However, this isolated and serene environment was suitable for expressing the divine thought of Swami ji. And ultimately we have got Swami Vivekananda’s “Inspired Talks”.

Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks is undoubtedly our treasure. Swami Vivekananda’s utterances came to light by one of his devotees.

The golden words of Sree Ramkrishna are Kathamrita. One of his close devotee, Master Mahashai or Mahendranath Gupta memorized and wrote it. Kathamitra is parallel to Gita.

Just as Inspired Talks are divine talks

and published them as Inspired Talks.

Read more:

Vivekananda – Leo Tolstoy – Gandhi

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA’S “KALI THE MOTHER”January 14, 2021In “Book Review”

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I’m Dr. Sushil Rudra, residing in Durgapur City West Bengal, India .…

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Inspired Talks: The Gospel of Swami Vivekananda

Dr Sushil Rudra

“Inspired Talks”: The Gospel of Swami Vivekananda is a bunch of talks. These are the Gospel of Swami Vivekananda. Therefore, It’s the divine utterances of the Hindu monk, Vivekananda.

The great World Teacher taught his 12(-1 may be less according to Marie Louise Burke) Western disciples or students by his spiritual advice at Miss Dutcher’s cottage in Thousand Island Park of America.

And ultimately, Swami ji’s disciple, Miss. Dutcher published these lectures. It is famous as Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks.

Read also: 1. The Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda 2. SWAMI VIVEKANANDA: THE POET & HIS POEMS

It was in 1895. Swamiji got an invitation from Miss Dutcher to visit there for some time for a summer retreat.

So he had accepted her invitation to get little rest from the busiest schedule of lectures in America. In this connection, Swami Vivekananda wrote a letter to Mrs Ole Bull:( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks )

…” I cannot go to Green acre now. I have arranged to go to the Thousand Island, wherever that may be. There is a cottage belonging to Miss Dutcher, one of my students, and a few of us will be there in rest and peace and seclusion.

I want to manufacture a few “Yogis” out of the materials of the classes ( Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks ). And a busy farm [fair] like Green acre. It is the last place for that, while the other is quite out of the way, and none of the curiosity – seekers will dare go there “.(April 25, 1895, Letters of Swami Vivekananda )

Ready to Welcome Swami Vivekananda
On June 18, 1895.

Inspired Talks: The gospel of Swami Vivekananda /image: www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

Vivekananda left the White Mountains of New Hampshire by train for Thousand Island Park. It is about 200 miles to the west, where some of his students awaited him.

From Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks :

” Everything at the Park had, it would seem, been ready for his coming. – wrote Marie Louise Burke in his book ” New Discoveries”.

Finally, everything was refurbished from Dock to electric lights of the park to Tabernacle. Even the steamer St. Lawrence.

It had been newly cleaned, painted, brightly lighted. It’s a refurbished community to which Swami Vivekananda reached at.

Miss Dutcher ( Mary Elizabeth Dutcher) along with 2/3 other disciples already reached at the Dock to greet him and to escort him.

Miss Dutcher had a little three stories building. So She thought that it was not sufficient for her Master. That’s why for Swamiji’s comfort and privacy she made arrangements to add a wing to the cottage.

The house was a three-storied building. In addition, there was a guest room on the lowest floor, a classroom on the first floor, and Swamiji’s room on the top floor.

Besides, there was an open terrace with a magnificent view of the river. Naturally, Swamiji used to spend some time here and observe the beautiful nature.

“Welcome Vivekananda” read the banner that greeted SWAMI as he entered the Cottage. For it was the beginning of a remarkable seven weeks of staying in.

• THOUSAND ISLAND PARK:

INSPIRED TALKS : The Gospel of Swami Vivekananda

In brief, Thousand Island Park is a small village. It’s located on Wellesley Island. It’s in a remote area about 360 miles from New York City. This village is on the St. Lawrence River, near the Canadian border. So it was a very serene and attractive place.

Although the Park was only 20 years old in 1895, yet its attraction was enough. So there formed a community of 600 cottages. In addition, several thousand summer residents supported a program of recreation for both mind and body.

Moreover, it attracted celebrity preachers and speakers . Amongst the prominent speakers were Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglas and so on .

Through the eyes of Swami ji, the natural beauty of the place was charming.

In short, by 1890s, Thousand Island Park was a summer resort par excellence. But there was massive change or transformation from a remote wilderness to a popular resort.

Eventually, It is a land where people of various tastes used to visit for some days.

Hence, they used to enjoy themselves with their relatives and friends. They used to spend their time playing, dancing. Some went boating and so on and otherwise enjoyed themselves.

By 1895, this Island as a whole drew thousands of excursionists every day. The island was quiet and it’s 800 acres in area. It was then hilly jungle. Therefore, very very isolated and serene place.

However, there were lots of cottages out of 100 acres. So there are small and large cottages about 600 and over and in addition to the hotel, there are at least a dozen rooming houses.

Read more: 1. Why Should We Follow Swami Vivekananda’s views! 2.The Cliff Of Swami Vivekananda

Swami ji wrote in early July : ( Inspired Talks: The gospel of Swami Vivekananda )

” It is a very beautiful spot, but I am afraid it becomes too crowded during the season.”( Complete Works, 5:89). ( Inspired Talks: The gospel of Swami Vivekananda )

However, this isolated and serene environment was suitable for expressing the divine thought of Swami ji. And ultimately we have got “Inspired Talks”: The Gospel of Swami Vivekananda.

” Inspired Talks” is undoubtedly our treasure. Swami Vivekananda’s utterances came to light by one of his devotees.

However, the golden words of Sree Ramkrishna are Kathamrita. One of his close devotee, Master Mahashai or Mahendranath Gupta memorized and wrote it. Kathamitra is parallel to Gita.

Inspired Talks are as divine as Kathamrita. And Swami ji’s teachings to his Western disciples was

published as Inspired Talks.

How To Avoid Depression?

Depression is a mental illness. Therefore, it’s not a physical ailment. Physical ailments are natural. We have to face seasonal fever, blood dysentery, fissures, sugar, hypertension, gall bladder stone and so on. On the other side, depression is not a physical ailment. So read here, how to avoid depression?

But mental disorders come stealthily and silently. So mental illness and stress, also depression are the inner problem of a man. So, how to overcome this fatal disease? 

I shall try to talk with the precautions when one has to face depression. 

Read more: Mind –1. Brain and Depression, 2. http://Depression insurgency and Kashmir

# Be Careful/ how to Avoid Depression – 

What Not To Do:  Mind – Brain and Depression

  • Do not seek solace in Alcohol or Drugs 
  • Do not isolate yourself from family and friends
  • Avoid excessive and unhealthy eating
  • Do not dwell on past mistakes
  • Don’t go to bed at late night.
  • Don’t take sugar 

Be Alert: 

  • When fluctuations in the horme level 
  • If you have genetical history
  • During some medical condition
  • Post-surgery reaction
  • Be cool and calm in a fix 
  • When you not in Pure and positive thinking

” Yoga allows you to find on inner peace that is not ruffled and riled by the endless stress and struggles of life”. 

BENEFITS OF PRACTISING YOGA :

Firstly, Practising Yoga regularly can kick off stress and depression. Therefore, It’s one of the best methods to lighten our grave mood and keep depression at bay. 

Secondly, Yoga poses increase blood circulation to the brain and enable the production of mood-elevating hormones. 

Thirdly, the practice of yoga doesn’t have any adverse side – effects, which make it a better option as compared to other medications for depression. 

 # Therefore, Some effective yoga poses to fight against depression are mentioned here 🙁 how to avoid depression?

  1. Balasana ( Child Pose )
  2. Setubandhasana ( Bridge Pose ) 
  3. Urdhva Mukha Svanasana ( Upward facing Dog Pose )
  4. Adho Mukha Svanasana ( Downward-facing Dog Pose ) 
  5. Halasana ( Plow Pose ) 
  6. Uttanasana ( Standing Forward Fold Pose ) 
  7. Savasana ( Corpse Pose ) 

Therefore, how to avoid depression?

Surely, we should practice regularly the Asana, Mudra, and Pranayama. The main yoga we have to practice regularly are as follows:

  1. The Sun Salutation 
  2. The Shoulder Stand ( Sarvangasana )
  3. Alternate Breathing( Anuloma – Viloma )
  4. Bumble Bee Breathing  5. Plain Breathing practice only for 2 minutes
How to avoid depression? / image: kalpatarurudra.org/jpg Read more : Practice 7 Asana for Immunity

Read also: 1. RABINDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION 2. Mind – Brain and Depression

Just sit down straight and take breathing slowly to the fullest. Hold it for a little and then slowly breathe out. However, It’s very important to keep our mind, body, heart and lungs normal and fit.

Moreover, regular practise of this breathing intake and breathing out, two times a day might enhance your mental strength. Ultimately, it removes all kinds of negativity. Not only that, but it could have been a scientific way to avoid depression.

5. Finally, keep your blood sugar levels in check. 6. Cut back on TV. Do not continuously sit on before TV set. Because it can hamper your blood flow.

6. Pour Yourself A Drink / Go Out For Drinks :

Yes, too much alcohol isn’t ever going to do your body – or brain – much good. But just as it has been to be good for your heart in smaller doses. Besides, alcohol also appears to be good for your brain – when consumed responsibly.

In a study conducted at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, in Italy, researchers found that 29% of people over the age of 65 who rarely drank during their lives experienced some form of mental impairment as they got older, compared with just 19 per cent of people who drank a moderate amount of alcohol.

6. Sixthly, eat like a pioneer: That means natural heart, grains, fresh fruits and produce, and as few processed foods as possible.

When we are discussing how to avoid depression, it is a must to follow the actual food intake. Why?

Because in a study of almost 4,000 children, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, researchers found that kids who were given a”Traditional” or ” “Health – Conscious” diet consistently scored better on IQ tests than children fed a diet high in processed foods.

Although the human brain grows at its fastest during the first three years of life, researchers say a clean, healthy diet is just as important after the brain is fully developed.

Durga Stotram

Compiled by Dr. Sushil Rudra

Durgapuja is undoubtedly the grand festival of Hindus. In my previous post I have discussed in detail the origin and development of the Durga puja. Today, I will try to explain Durga Stotram.

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11.09.2021

Devi Durga Ma

Read more: Devi Durga Puja: The Grand Festival

Joi Devi Durga Mai ki

Ai Giri Nandini Lyrics In Bengali. Shree Mahishasura Mardini Stotram Meaning. Maa Durga – The Daughter of the Mountain and Joy of the World.

।।১।।অয়ি গিরিনন্দিনি নন্দিতমেদিনি বিশ্ব-বিনোদিনি নন্দনুতেগিরিবরবিন্ধ শিরো‌ধিনিবাসিনি বিষ্ণু-বিলাসিনি জিষ্ণুনুতে,ভগবতি হে শিতিকণ্ঠ-কুটুম্বিণি ভূরিকুটুম্বিণি ভূরিকৃতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O daughter of the mountain, who makes the whole earth happy, who makes the whole universe rejoice, praised by Nandini, dwelling on the peak of the great Vindhya mountain, glittering widely, the man who desirous of victory praises her .

O Goddess, wife of the blue-necked Siva, One who has many families, One who has done a lot, be victorious, be the victorious, O destroyer of the demon Mahisasura, with beautiful braids of hair, daughter of the mountain Himalaya. Ultimately, Maa Durga – Destroys the Danavas and the Daityas and Nourishes the Three Worlds.

।।২।।সুরবরবর্ষিণি দুর্ধর ধর্ষিণি দুর্মুখমর্ষিণি হর্ষরতেত্রিভুবন পোষিণি শংকরতোষিণি কিল্বিষমোষিণি ঘোষরতে,দনুজনিরোষিণি দিতিসুতরোষিণি দুর্মদ শোষিণি সিন্ধুসুতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O bestower of boons on Gods, One who assails those hard to control, who tolerate those with ugly faces (?), one engrossed in rejoicing, One who nourishes the three worlds, One who pleases Sankara, One who removes sins, One who engrosses in the sound of Om (?), One who is angry with the progeny of Danu (demon), One who is angry with the sons of Diti (also demon), One who destroys those with evil , the intoxication of pride, daughter of the ocean, Maa Durga – Destroyer of the Demons Madhu and Kaitabha.

।।৩।।অযি জগদম্ব মদম্ব কদম্ব বনপ্রিয়বাসিনি হাসরতেশিখরিশিরোমণি তুঙ্গহিমালয় শৃংগনিজালয় মধ্যগতে,মধু মধু রে মধুকৈটভ গঞ্জিনি কৈটভ ভঞ্জিনি রাসরতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O mother of the world, my mother, One who loves to dwell in a forest of Kadamba trees, One who keeps on smiling, One who is on her dwelling on the tall peak of the Himalaya, the greatest among the mountains. Very sweet one, One who has the treasure of demons Madhu and Amitabha, destroyer of the demon Kaitabha, she is dancing. Maa Durga – Destroyer of the Demons Chanda and Munda.

।।৪।।অয়ি শতখণ্ড বিখণ্ডিতরুণ্ড বিতুণ্ডিতশুণ্ড গজাধিপতেরিপুগজগণ্ড বিদারণচণ্ড পরাক্রমশুণ্ড মৃগাধিপতে,নিজভুজ-দণ্ড নিপাতিত-খণ্ড বিপাতিত-মুণ্ড ভটাধিপতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O One who split the heads (of demons) into hundreds of pieces and One who cut the trunks of great battle elephants, whose great lion is skilled in terrifying valour in tearing apart the temples of enemy elephants, One who has cut down into pieces the heads of the enemy chieftain with the strength of her arms, – Maa Durga – Made Lord Shiva the Messenger against Shumbha and Nisumbha.

।।৫।।অয়ি রণদুর্মদ শত্রুবধোদিত দুর্ধরনির্জর শক্তিভৃতেচতুরবিচার ধুরীণ মহাশিবদূতকৃত প্রমথাধিপতে,দুরিত দুরীহ দুরাশয় দুর্মতি দানবদূত কৃতান্তমতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O One who holds the invincible and undiminishing striking force which arose on the occasion of killing the enemies, who were hard to subdue on the battlefield, who made Pramatha, the great attendant of Shiva, a leader in subtle thinking, her commander (?), who decided to destroy the messenger of demons who were sinful, with evil intentions, thoughts and mind, Maa Durga – Pardons the Enemy Heroes when their Wives take Refuge.

।।৬।।অয়ি শরণাগত বৈরিবধূবর বীরবরাভয দায়করেত্রিভুবন মস্তক শূলবিরোধি শিরোধি কৃতামল শূলকরে,দুমিদুমি তামর দুন্দুভিনাদ মহো মুখরীকৃত তিগ্মকরেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O One who gives protection to the great heroic husbands of the enemy wives who have come seeking refuge, One who holds in her hands a spotless spear pointed towards the head of the opponent who is causing great pain for all the three worlds, One who like the blazing hot sun, aroused by the power of resounding noise of the drums of Gods . Maa Durga – Destroyer of the Demons Dhumralocana, Raktabija and Shumbha Nishumbha.

।।৭।।অয়ি নিজ হুংকৃতি মাত্র নিরাকৃত ধূম্র বিলোচন ধূম্রশতেসমর বিশোষিত শোণিত বীজ সমুদ্ভব শোণিত বীজলতে,শিব শিব শুম্ভ নিশুম্ভ মহাহব তর্পিত ভূত পিশাচরতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O One who has blown aside hundreds of streams of smoke coming from demons with smoking eyes merely with her roaring, who is like a vine of blood-drops grown from the dried blood drops in battle, One who delights in the company of auspicious Shiva, Shumbha, Nishumbha, and the spirits during the great battle. Maa Durga – Destroys the Chaturanga of the Enemy.

।।৮।।ধনুরনুষঙ্গ রণক্ষণসঙ্গ পরিস্ফুরদঙ্গ নটৎকটকেকনক পিশঙ্গ পৃষৎকনিষঙ্গ রসদ্ভট শৃংগ হতাবটুকে,কৃত চতুরঙ্গ বলক্ষিতি রঙ্গ ঘটদ্বহুরঙ্গ রটদ্বটুকেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: One who decks herself with dancing ornaments on throbbing limbs at the moment of the battle, making her bow ready, who killed the huge enemy soldiers with a shining sword and with(arrows from) a quiver which has golden brown spots, who made the battleground with a fourfold army into a stage with a colourful drama with screaming little soldiers , – Maa Durga – Whose Battle expresses as Celestial Dance.

।।৯।।সুরললনা ততথেয়ি তথেয়ি তথাভিনয়োদর নৃত্য় রতেকৃত কুকুথ কুকুথো গডদাদিক তাল কুতূহল দানরতে,ধুধুকুট ধুককুট দিহিং ধিমিত ধ্বনি ধীর মৃদঙ্গ নিনাদরতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্য়কপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O you who take the dancing of the heavenly damsels made excellent by the acting out of tatatheyi- they-that/that! O you who are full of laughter, amorous gestures and hula (meaning uncertain, but probably something along the lines of abandon)!

O you who possess immeasurable love for afflicted persons bowing before you ! O you who rejoice in the sustained/deep sound, Shamika Ta-dhikka Ta-Radhika Tadhimi, O vanquisher of the demon Mahisa! O one bearing attractive knotted hair! O daughter of the mountain! Victory to you! Maa Durga – Occupies Half of the Body of Lord Shiva. ।।

১০।।জয় জয় জপ্যজয়ে জয় শব্দপরস্তুতি তৎপর বিশ্বনুতেঝণঝণ ঝিঞ্জিমি ঝিঙ্কৃতনূপুর সিঞ্জিত মোহিত ভূতপতে,নটিত নটার্ধ নটীনটনায়ক নাটিতনাট্য সুগানরতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: Be victorious! be victorious! whose victory should be sung, praised by the whole universe ready to sing the praise extolling her victory, who attracted the attention of shiva by the twinkling of bells making various sounds of dancing, who delights in beautiful singing and dance-drama presented by a leading dancer acting out the role of an actress with half of his body. Maa Durga – Union of Beautiful Mind and Charming Appearance.

।।১১।।অয়ি সুমনঃ সুমনঃ সুমনঃ সুমনঃ সুমনোহর কান্তিয়ুতেশ্রিত রজনী রজনী রজনী রজনী রজনীকর বক্ত্রবৃতে,সুনয়ন বিভ্রমর ভ্রমর ভ্রমর ভ্রমর ভ্রমরাধিপতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুরমর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: O One who has a flower-like a complexion attractive to the good heart of the good-hearted people, (the meaning of this part is unclear, the last word seems to mean” surrounded by the face of the moon” . Maa Durga – Accompanied by Army of Jasmine-Like Girls against excellent Fighters.

।।১২।।সহিত মহাহব মল্লম তল্লিক মল্লিত রল্লক মল্লরতেবিরচিত বল্লিক পল্লিক মল্লিক ঝিল্লিক ভিল্লিক বর্গবৃতে,সিতকৃত ফুল্লি সমুল্ল সিতা‌রুণ তল্লজ পল্লব সল্ললিতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: Salutations to the Divine Mother who is accompanied in the great battle against excellent wrestlers (fighters), by girls who appear tender like jasmine who are fighting against the enemies.whose accompaniments are composed of girls from the wheel tribe who are tenders like creepers of village jasmine and buzz like swarms of bees, On whose face plays a smile created By joy which appears like dawn shining forth with red colour and blossoming the excellent buds.Victory to you, the destroyer of the demon Mahishasura, who has beautiful locks of hair and who is the daughter of the mountain. Maa Durga – From Whom Emerges all Arts, Beauty and Power.

।।১৩।।অবিরল গণ্ডগলন মদ মেদুর মত্ত মতঙ্গজ রাজপতেত্রিভুবন ভূষণভূত কলানিধি রূপ পয়োনিধি রাজসুতে,অয়ি সুদতী জন লালস মানস মোহন মন্মধ রাজসুতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে। ( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: Who is in charge of huge royal elephants in fury , whose rut is streaming down their temples incessantly, princess, the daughter of the ocean, who has the beauty of the moon, the ornament of all the three worlds, princess of cupid who enchants the minds desirous If ladies with beautiful teeth. Maa Durga – Whose Forehead is Stainless and Pure like a Lotus Petal.

।।১৪।।কমল দলামল কোমল কান্তি কলা কলিতা‌মল ভালতলেসকল বিলাস কলা নিলয়ক্রম কেলি চলতকল হংসকুলে,অলিকুল সংকুল কুবলয় মন্ডল মৌলিমিলদভ কুলালিকুলেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।

Meaning: Beautiful complexion with spotless forehead lolks pure and delicate like that of lotus petals, whose flock of swans is moving sportingly with steps which are the marks of all beautiful arts, whose bees from the Bakula trees meet on the tops of lotus flowers which are crowded with (their own) bees. Maa Durga – Whose Voice is Sweeter than Flute and Cuckoo.

।।১৫।। কর মুরলী রব বীজিত কূজিত লজ্জিত কোকিল মঞ্জু মতেমিলিত পুলিন্দ মনোহর গুঞ্জিত রঞ্জিত শৈল নিকুঞ্জগতে,নিজগণভূত মহাশবরীগণ সদগুণ-সংভৃত কেলিতলেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: Whose sweet cooing sounds made with the flute have put to shame the Kokila bird and who has sweet thoughts, who is in colourful mountain groves pleasantly resounding with the assembled mountain folks, and her playground filled with good qualities of the flocks of the great tribal women who are manifestations of her qualities. Maa Durga – On Whose Radiant Toe-Nails Prostate the Devas and the Asuras.

।।১৬।।কটিতট পীত দুকূল বিচিত্র ময়ূখ তিরস্কৃত চন্দ্ররুচেপ্রণত সুরাসুর মৌলিমণিস্ফুর দংশুল সন্নথ চন্দ্ররুচে,জিত কনকাচল মৌলি পদোর্জিত নির্ভর কুঞ্জর কুম্ভকুচেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: Who has set aside the brilliance of the moon with the colourful rays coming from the yellow silk she is wearing on her waist , whose toe-nails shine like the moon because of the rays emanating from the crest jewels of the bowing gods and demons, whose breasts outshine the temples of wild elephants and the high peaks of the golden mountains. Maa Durga – Who is Pleased with Devotional Contemplation of both: like Suratha as well as Samadhi.

।।১৭।। বিজিত সহস্র করৈক সহস্র করৈক সহস্র করৈকনুতেকৃত সুরতারক সঙ্গর তারক সঙ্গর তারকসূনু সুতে।সুরথ সমাধি সমান সমাধি সমাধি সমাধি সুজাত রতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে। ( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: Who has set aside the brilliance of the moon with the colourful rays coming from the yellow silk, she is wearing on her waist, whose toe-nails shine like the moon because of the rays emanating from the crest jewels of the bowing gods and demons, whose breasts outshine the temples of wild elephants and the high peaks of the golden mountains. Maa Durga – an abode of Devi Mahalakshmi.

।।১৮।।পদকমলং করুণানিলয়ে বরিবস্য়তি য়ো‌নুদিনং ন শিবেঅয়ি কমলে কমলানিলয়ে কমলানিলয়ঃ স কথং ন ভবেত,তব পদমেব পরম্পদ-মিত্য়নুশীলয়তো মম কিং ন শিবেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে। ( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: O benevolent goddess accompanied by Shiva, if someone daily cherishes your lotus-like feet. then, O lotus dwelling Lakshmi, how will he not become wealthy?

O auspicious Goddess, is there anything that I would not have if I earnestly believe that your feet are the highest goal to be achieved? Maa Durga – An Abode of Devi Mahasaraswati.

।।১৯।।কনকলসত্কল-সিন্ধুজলৈরনু সিঞ্জিনুতে গুণ রঙ্গভুবমভজতি স কিং নু শচীকুচকুম্ভত তটী পরিরম্ভ সুখানুভবম,তব চরণং শরণং করবাণি নতামরবাণি নিবাশি শিবমজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে। ( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: If someone bathes you, the playground of virtues, with shining golden waters of the ocean, will he not experience in heaven the happiness (equal to that of Indra) embracing the full bosom of Sachi?

O Goddess worshipped by the speech of Gods, I take refuge in your feet, which are also the abode of Shiva. Maa Durga – Whose Pure Moon-Like Face Subdues our Impurities.

।।২০।। তব বিমলে‌ন্দু কলং বদনেন্দু মলং সকলং ননু কূলয়তেকিমু পুরুহূত-পুরীংদুমুখী-সুমুখীভিরসৌ-বিমুখী-ক্রিয়তে,মম তু মতং শিবনাম-ধনে ভবতী-কৃপয়া কিমুত ক্রিয়তেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে।( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: He who sufficiently dedicates himself to your entire moon-like face, which is as bright as a host of spotless moons, will he be turned away (in heaven) by the moon-faced beauties of the city of Indra? – Maa Durga – Who Shower Grace on Devotees in the same manner as Arrows on Enemies.

।।২১।। অয়ি ময়ি দীনদয়ালুতয়া করুণাপরয়া ভবিতব্য়মুমেঅয়ি জগতো জননী কৃপয়াসি য়থাসি তথানু মিতাসি রতে,য়দুচিতমত্র ভবত্য়ুররী কুরুতা-দুরুতাপম পাকুরুতেজয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্যকপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে,জয় জয় হে মহিষাসুর-মর্দিনি রম্য়কপর্দিনি শৈলসুতে। ( Durga Stotram )

Meaning: O Uma, you please disposed toward me because of your virtue of compassion towards the meek.

Posted on by Sushil RudraDurga stotramGod and Goddess

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WHY INDIA IS THE MOST DEPRESSED COUNTRY?

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Why Indians are the Most Depressed?

Posted on by Sushil Rudra

‘Mental pain is less dramatic than physical pain, but it is more common and also harder to bear

– C.S Lewis

Why Indians are the most depressed in the world? According to the World Health Organisation, India is the most depressed country followed by China and the USA. China, India and the US are the most affected countries by anxiety, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, according to WHO.

India – Depression ?

We have discussed in the previous post how insurgency deeply affected the people of Kashmir and the Seven Sisters of the northeast.

A study reported in WHO, conducted for the NCMH (National Care Of Medical Health), states that at least 6.5 per cent of the Indian population suffers from some form of serious mental disorder.

Unemployment and poverty are the major reasons for the development of depression in India. After attaining higher education youths are unable to have a satisfactory job.

Lack of proper consciousness about mental health is another cause. I have told about insurgency and the activities of extremists in some provinces of our country. Unfortunately, it is a consistent cause that our government has been facing for an uncertain period.

I think there are several factors ranging from irregular income to domestic abuse that causes depression to develop in individuals. Their ability to access counselling or medicine makes it even worse for them, often culminating in suicides.

Though there are effective measures and treatments, there is an extreme shortage of mental health workers like psychologists, psychiatrists, and doctors. As reported latest in 2014, it was as low as ”one in 100,000 people”. The average suicide rate in India is 10.9 for every lakh people and the majority of people who commit suicide are below 44 years of age.

A study surveyed over 10,000 Indians to understand how they have been coping with the new normal.

According to the study, 26 per cent of respondents were suffering from mild depression. 11 per cent were feeling moderately depressed, and six per cent were facing severe symptoms of depression.

The last 2 years unexpectedly lockdown have been going on. The situation has taken a major toll on mental health.

With the series of knock-downs, anxiety, job cuts, health scares, and the overall volatile environment, stress levels are at an all-time high.

“Copious amounts of stress can lead to depression. With the current lockdown and lifestyles drastically changing, we have seen that 43 per cent of Indians are currently plagued with depression. But, hopefully, they are learning to cope with it,” the study said.

To monitor the severity of depression in the respondents, the study relied on a self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ-9 (a form of primary care evaluation of mental disorders).

It took into account nine aspects of an individual’s daily routine. These are including interest levels in activities, appetite, sleep cycles, ability to concentrate, and energy levels.

“Our study indicates that an increasing number of people across the country are dealing with mental health issues triggered by the spread of the corona virus.

“The mounting uncertainty is the basis of the high stress index which can be controlled with a balanced diet, changes in lifestyle and appropriate sleep patterns,” said Vishal Gondal, Founder and CEO, GOQii.

Those feeling depressed complained of having little interest or pleasure in doing things. They are feeling hopeless, dealing with erratic sleep cycles, poor eating habits, low levels of energy, low self esteem, having trouble concentrating, being restless, and having thoughts of self harm.

“More than 59 per cent of the population said that they had little pleasure in doing things these days. Out of which 38 per cent have this feeling on a few days and 9 per cent feel so more than half of the days. Nearly 12 per cent felt this way almost every day in these times,” the study said.

It pointed out that more than 57 per cent of the respondents complained of feeling fatigued or having little energy through “at least some days in the last few weeks”.

Why India is most depressed country? Image: http://www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

“At least more than 15 per cent have this feeling more than half of the days. This leads to some people sleeping too much while some others have trouble sleeping.

“With the change in lifestyle, approximately half of the population is having trouble with their sleep,” the study said.

“At least 7 per cent of the population goes through this nearly every day while 33 per cent experience it on a few days,” it added.

Feeling hopeless, on the other hand, was not so common among the respondents. Only 10 per cent of them said they felt “down and depressed” more than half of the days or nearly every day.

The study suggested that adding exercising to one’s daily routine could help improve their mental health.

“Exercising can lead to endorphins (the happy hormone) which can help with depression. The more depressed you are, the more likely you are to not workout.

“But, it is important to cajole yourself into doing more things that make you feel happier,” it said.

Depression in Seniors:

In India, 30 per cent of the 103 million people above the age of 60 display symptoms of depression, according to a recent government survey.

It estimated that 8.3 per cent of the country’s elderly population have probable major depression. This means, one in every 12 elderly person in the country have had depression. 

The prevalence figure is 10 times higher than the self-reported diagnosed depression of 0.8 per cent in the elderly population. It is pointing at the burden of undiagnosed cases, the report said.

Among the people who are of 45 to 59 years of age, 26 per cent show depressive symptoms.

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare conducted the Longitudinal Ageing Study in between April 2017 and December 2018 on 72,250 older adults aged 45 years and above. Here is the report below .

More elderly women (9 per cent) have a prevalence of probable major depression than men (7 per cent). Also, the figure is higher among rural residents (9 per cent) than their urban counterparts (6 per cent).

The report also says that 10 per cent of the elderly population who live alone suffer from depression.

The study shows 3 per cent of all the elderly have some form of mental impairment.

Fewer people above the age of 60 who have 10 or more years of schooling (5 per cent) have depression than those with less than primary education (9 per cent).  

Over a tenth of the elderly population have probable major depression in Madhya Pradesh (17 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (14 per cent), Delhi (11 per cent), Bihar (10 per cent), and Goa (10 per cent).

Among the older adults above the age of 45 years, over 60% were hospitalised at a private facility in the 12 months prior to the survey. The mean out-of-pocket expenditure in private health facility among the elderly is Rs 31,933 compared to Rs 71,232 among those aged 45 to 59.  

The highest mean out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure is reported in the state of Arunachal Pradesh (Rs 10,368) followed by

Himachal Pradesh (Rs 3,477), Nagaland (Rs 3,288) and Meghalaya (Rs 3,152). Tamil Nadu (Rs 641), Gujarat (Rs 644), and Puducherry (Rs 645) reported lower mean OOP expenditure on outpatient care.

Around 6 per cent of the country’s elderly population live on their own while 5.2 per cent have said they have faced ill treatment at home in the one year preceding the survey.

How to Overcome Depression?

Why Indians are the most depressed?/www.kalpatarurudra.org

With the WHO stepping up to encourage people to come forward and talk about depression and making the disease one of the main talking point of World Health Day, 2017. The condition is gradually making itself heard in mainstream conversation.

The government and other NGOs, also mental health workers are now trying to reach out to more people. They are asking them to come forward with their condition. It’s only then possible to further research about causes and solutions on depression properly.

Government should provide low cost access to mental healthcare and medicine so that the common people can treat depression and get free it leading a joyful life.

How to battle depression

Why Indians are the most depressed? / image: www.kalpatarurudra.org

Finding meaning in life through love and work and being socially connected are important

We became felt immense agony when we listened to that a bright star in Bollywood ended his life owing to depression.

When a young person who had many years of productive life left, who was a National Olympiad Winner in Physics, and who left a career in mechanical engineering to become a talented and popular actor, takes such an extreme step.

It’s a collective loss to the nation. He was also a budding entrepreneur. So, We are unfortunate that a prodigious actor and an exceptional citizen is no longer with us.

Also read :DEPRESSION A SILENT PANDEMIC

Life is sometimes filled with anxiety, internal conflict, disharmony, uncertainty and fear of the unknown. These thoughts give way to myriad feelings.

One tends to feel like a stranger to one’s self. COVID-19 has acted as a catalyst inducing angst in the life of individual are already stressed because of various factors and modern lifestyles.

Stress in modern life and Indians:

Many factors cause stress in modern life. They include more engagement with technology and less with people; more focus on “success” (the ends) rather than the process of learning (the means); never-ending aspirations; relationship issues; impatience while doing tasks.

This is a generation looking for instant gratification. They have too many choices and the limitations of the human mind to choose wisely.

Besides, there are so many causes behind depression in modern generation. These are as follows:

the bridging of gender inequalities, increase in employment of women, growth and development of urban and peri-urban areas, interference of the media and social media in every aspect of life, and disruption in the traditional joint family system. There is an underlying strain on the socio-cultural fabric.

Some of this stress, if not handled well, can push human beings into depression.

Some interesting cases and studies throw light on the coping mechanisms for anxiety and depression. Viktor Frankl, who was detained in Nazi concentration camps, studied the source of depression. He found that it is a lack of meaning in life.

Individuals who are able to discover meaning tend to achieve the will and strength to endure life.

That brings us to the next question: how do we find meaning in life?

This is possible through love and work. Love for fellow beings come from the heart. It encourages a person to work or take action.

If we can base our actions and work on a shared love for family members and society at large, we can find effective meaning in life.

So, ‘The Art of Living’ involves managing the self for others.

We have already discussed about our great poet, Rabindranath Tagore. Because he had to face depression and was going to suicide.

Read here: http://www.kalpatarurudra.org /Rabindranath and depression

In his writings, Rabindranath Tagore suggested and also gave the prescriptions for depression and anxiety. He believed that being socially connected was an antidote to mental estrangement. Eventually, the plague-affected people were undergoing in 1918.

The poet, Rabindranath was aware that such a wildly contagious disease might cause panic among the students. Therefore, he organised many events in the Ashram. Practically, it ensured that social connections existed despite physical distance.

In an essay, he suggested that we generate bonhomie between the affected and those who were not. because the ill were not the enemy; the illness was.

For immunity from psychological suffering, it requires a design of togetherness. Rabindranath Tagore insisted on the famous Rig Vedic dicta:

 Yatra Visvam Bhavati Ekanidam (where the whole world meets in a single nest) and Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (the world is one family).

Connecting with friends and family members:

So, why Indians are the most depressed?

Depressed people are not socially connected. Besides, they don’t get finding meaning in life. Social connection is very important.

I feel that positive and continuous communication is the key to ending the misery of anxiety, depression. It’s our moral duty to help the distressed to achieve higher levels of well-being.

This is an earnest request to all the students and teachers who are under any form of stress or tend to feel depressed, please express their inner pain and sorrow. We have to reach out and talk to people. Maybe friends or relatives.

Generally a depressed person may not want to connect initially. Therefore, I appeal to family, relatives and friends to watch out for signs in their near and dear ones. The following are the symptoms:

Persistent sadness, aloofness, loss of interest in activities and appetite, negative thoughts including about self-harm and so on. Each and everyone should provide immediate support and connect.

We must not stigmatise the condition of mental health issues. It can happen to anyone. Instead, let we support our family and friends to tide over the difficult times with love and care. In doing so, we will overcome from this silent disease.

Seven Sisters – Insurgency and Depression

Insurgency in Seven Sisters States is horrible and troublesome. When we read novels or short stories of the writers of Seven Sisters, we become aware of the situation of insurgency. We further came to know its havoc impact on the minds of women and children. So we will find out the condition of Seven Sisters – Insurgency and depression in this post.

Like Punjab and Kashmir, most of the Northeast states are going through a long-term insurgency there. Naturally, the women and the school students are to face depression and mental illness. That’s why, our discussion is about ” Seven Sisters – Insurgency and Depression”.

SEVEN SISTERS STATE AND DEPRESSION:


So, seven sisters is not a stranger to mental health problems. The north- east states are detached of main land of India and are the most remote places. Moreover, there are no sufficient mode of transportation and communication to travel from one place to another.

As a result, these states are mostly underdeveloped and backward places in India. Although sparsely populated, the healthcare facilities are not evenly distributed and lack many facilities as well as trained professionals.

Why is there massive mental health problems?

We will try to explore the probable causes of mental health problems in States. Probably the government didn’t take bold steps that need to ensure proper treatment to the affected people.

So, this post discusses on Seven sisters’s insurgency and depression. Hence, It will explore government forces atrocities and political violence in these areas.

There is lack of facilities, infrastructure and trained professionals to cope with the situation.

Besides, there prevails poverty, drug abuse and narcotic substances, superstitious beliefs, lack of awareness and social stigma . It leads to psychological disturbances among the civilians living in North East.

THE DEMOGRAPHY OF NORTH EAST:

  • Northeast India is the region situated in the eastern-most part of India. It comprises of the eight states.
  • It’s Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.
  • It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. wide Shiliguri Corridor. It looks like the chicken neck. The Redcliffe line named it so .
  • The Northeast borders on four countries namely China and Bhutan on its North; Myanmar on its East; and Bangladesh on its South and West.
  • It has an area of 2.6 lakh sq. km. , while its population is 39 million-plus. It has 475 ethnic groups. They speak 400 languages/ dialects.

History: NORTHEAST – INSURGENCY AND DEPRESSION :

  • According to the Report of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission,  the Northeast represents a state of stable anarchy.
  • There the rule of law and other institutions of governance are subverted directly or through collusive arrangements.
  • Regional issues are as follows: the inter-tribal conflicts, the youth unemployment and the inability to compete with non-tribal businesses, illegal migration from neighbouring States etc.
  • The States has natural resources.
  • The land has led to various conflicts and demands of secession/ autonomy at the national level.
  • The broad racial differences between India and its Northeast and the tenuous geographical link (the chicken neck Siliguri Corridor) contributed to a sense of allegations, a feeling of otherness’. Subsequently, it gave rise to a political culture of violent separatism.
  • Ethnic tensions: Northeast India is home to more than 50 ethnic rebel groups. A few of them are demanding complete secession from India.
  • Besides others are fighting for ethnic identities and homelands. Some are running the insurgency as an industry to spin easy money without any political ideology.
  • Militants in their formative years voiced genuine grievances of the people such as poor governance, alienation, lack of development and an apathetic attitude from the central government.
  • However, with time and opportunist motives, these turned into insurgencies across the region.

The factors that led to the emergence of the different insurgent groups in the region.

Nagaland

  • Being a part of the larger state of Assam, it was the first to experience militancy in pursuit of a grant of autonomy. Under the leadership of the Naga National Council (N.N.C.), headed by A.Z. Phizo, Nagas declared independence around 1951.

Mizoram

  • It was a part of the state of Assam before it was granted statehood in 1987. It experienced militancy after the Union government failed to respond positively to its demand for assistance during the massive “Mautam famine”
  • The Mizo National Front (M.N.F.), led by the legendary leader Laldenga, demanded independence for Mizoram in 1966.

Tripura

  • The migration of Hindus from the British-ruled East Bengal is responsible for reducing the indigenous tribal people in the state. Ultimately, it becomes a minority status. This development sparked a violent backlash among the indigenous people.
  • So the militant groups sprang up in the state demanding the restoration of the tribal rights from the Bengali population.

Assam

  • A movement started there in demanding the deportation of the illegal migrants. It also witnessed the birth of the militant outfit the United Liberation Front of Assam (U.L.F.A.) in 1979.
  • The other groups are Bodo Liberation Tigers, National Democratic Front of Bodoland (N.D.F.B.), the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (U.P.D.S.).

Manipur

  • Militancy originated in protest against the forcible merger of the former Manipur Kingdom with India.
  • United National Liberation Front was formed in 1964. It has the goal of ending the discrimination against Manipur. It accorded statehood only in 1972 nearly 23 years after its merger.

Meghalaya

  • The Meghalaya state was carved out of the Assam state aiming to address the unique needs of the major tribes in the region: the Garos, the Jaintias and the Khasis.
  • The rise of aspirations of tribal autonomy led to the emergence of several insurgent groups in the state, like Garo National Liberation Army (GNLA ) and Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC).

Arunachal Pradesh

  • The state remains under peace more or less in history but the proximity of state with Myanmar and Nagaland border is gradually being afflicting insurgency in recent time.
  • The only case of indigenous insurgency movement in Arunachal Pradesh was the rise of the Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF).

Military operations and AFSPA

  • Special powers under AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act) were bestowed on armed forces to deal with emergency conditions. It is there in the whole of Assam, Nagaland, most of Manipur, and some areas of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Military operations in Mizoram, where the army reportedly launched air strikes to neutralize the M.N.F. cadres.Therefore, It resulted in several fatalities and displacement among the civilian population.
  • In Assam, at the beginning of the 1990s, government launched military operations – Rhino and Bajrang, against U.L.F.A. militants.
  • Assam rifle deals with insurgents in Assam.
  • The security scenario in the North East is constantly improving. While there is almost no insurgency left in Tripura and Mizoram. So improvement in the security situation in other States of the region is stable.This is a good sign for North East to elevate insurgency and depression.

Read more: RABIBDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION,/“Depression In Mahabharata”, /

Read more: Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir,

  • The lifting of the AFSPA from all areas of Meghalaya on 31st March 2018 is an illustration of the vast improving security scenario in the NER.

Peace talks: North East – Insurgency and Depression

  • Dialogue with the M.N.F. remains the only example of the culmination of a successful peace process. So it ended militancy in Mizoram in 1986.
  • Other peace deals such as the Shillong Accord in 1975 with the N.N.C. in Nagaland, the 1988 agreement with the Tripura National Volunteers in Tripura and The Bodoland Autonomous Council agreement of 1993 with the Bodo militants in Assam are also in effect, but with limited success.
  • Union government has ongoing ceasefire agreements with six militant groups with different actors like NSCN (IM), UPDS, Achik National Volunteer Council.

Role of the Neighbours to Elevate Insurgency of North East and Depression:

  • The Neighbouring countries like China and Myanmar are promoting insurgency in the region.
  • Perhaps Pakistan, through its intelligence agency the I.S.I. assisted the militant groups in terms of training and finance.
  • China is providing some assistance to groups such as the N.S.C.N. in the 1980s.
  • Militant camps in Nagaland, as well as Manipur, exist in the bordering areas of Myanmar.
  • Moreover, Bhutan remains the only country that successfully dislodged several militant camps of the northeastern groups through a military operation. It launched in December 2003.

Consequences of Violence ( North East -Insurgency and Depression :

  • According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, both civilians and security forces had to face severe fatalities.
  • In the oil-rich Assam, militants have periodically targeted oil and gas pipelines for sabotage .
  • Besides, national projects such as the extension of the rail lines Is with a tardy pace because of militants attack. They distracted the construction sites by bombing and abducted workers.
  • Tourism could have flourished in the scenic northeast, but has suffered a lot due to instability in the region.
  • Militancy affected education sector too. Several schools in Tripura’s interior areas therefore, have been shut as teachers avoid the areas due to fear of militant strikes.
  • It furthermore, raises the price of essential commodities.

    • .

Current Situation: North East – Insurgency and depression:

Suggestions

  • The state response has effectively curbed violence in the northeast.
  • The political nexus have helped them carry out their illicit works. In return, run extortion rackets and all types of other illegal trades.
  • Naturally, this results in dismal law and order situations in these areas. There is the absence of a rule of law. As a result, the militant groups are still operating.
  • Moreover, the chances of a political settlement are bleak because of the kind of diversity it holds.
  • Lack of development continues to alienate the people of the region further from the mainstream.
  • Moreover, the region has also received little attention from either the national or the international media.
  • So it needs to enhance communication and connectivity and infrastructure improvement for better integration of the region with the mainland.
  • Secondly, stringent law and fast criminal justice system for quick disposal of insurgents attack cases.
  • Thirdly, there needs greater coordination between central forces and state forces for better tactical response.
  • Fourth, it needs greater cultural interaction with the rest of the country.
  • And finally, decentralization, Improving administrative efficiency, pro-people governance and coping up with regional aspirations are the real need there.

However, if the central and state governments take these measures, I think peace would have been come in the Seven Sisters of Northeast. Therefore, people don’t face any crisis. Ultimately, depression must not wrap them.

                                

horizontally striped flag
Photo by Studio Art Smile on Pexels.com/seven sisters – insurgency and depression

sleepy woman having rest near window
Seven Sisters, Insurgency and Depression/ image: www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

 

Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir

Dr. Sushil Rudra Ph.D

Depression, anxiety and panic attacks- all these mental disorders are interrelated with the advancement of society. It’s noticeable in all ages, in all societies. We have discussed depression in the characters of Ramayana and Mahabharata in my previous posts. (See here:https://kalpatarurudra.org) . Mental trauma perhaps didn’t occur to common folks.

grayscale photo of a woman sitting on sand
Photo: Pexels.com/Depression and insurgency in Kashmir

Before the modern era, the Indian common citizen was accustomed to simple living and high thinking.

But the scenario has changed. In this post, I will discuss the depression and insurgency in Kashmir.

Depression is the outcome of modern lifestyle and culture. Because modern people are running towards physical amusement and worldly longings.

They want to fetch limitless prosperity. Naturally, when it’s not possible to earn, they are going through mental trauma.

Especially Educated youths are in great trauma due to the unavailability of jobs. Moreover, the security of women, economically and socially, are diminishing.

Society is changing, is so the new generation. They are choosing their life partner. So if it’s up to the mark, then fine. But If not, it will be troublesome. Therefore, they have to face mental trauma.

Mental, physical and social health, are vital strands of life. These are closely interwoven and deeply interdependent. So mental disorders affect people of all countries and societies, individuals at all ages, women and men, the rich and the poor, from urban and rural environments.

Especially, Depression is more likely following particular classes of experience – those involving conflict, disruption, losses and experiences of humiliation or entrapment. Many people living amidst the rages of conflict suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.

Today, we shall try to find out the depression in the people of Kashmir where the people had to face a long term insurgency.

Depression in the Population of Kashmir:

To determine the characteristics of depression in the population in Kashmir, we have to find out the socio-economical, political and demographics problems. We know that a low-intensity-conflict has been going on for the last two decades.

Survey On Depression :

The non-combatant civilian population was surveyed. The Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale was used to measure symptoms of depression in community populations.

Kashmir Valley

Depression and Insurgency in Kashmir/ Photo: http://www.kalpatarurudra.org

The Horrible Results: Depression and Insurgency in Kashmir :

Due to continuing conflict in Kashmir during the last 2 decades, there has been a phenomenal increase in psychiatric morbidity.

The results reveal that the prevalence of depression is 55.72%. Especially, the prevalence is highest (66.67%) in the 15 to 25 years age group. And followed by 65.33% in the 26 to 35 years age group.

Beside, females have an overall prevalence of 60 per cent while as males have 51.34 per cent.

A significant difference in the prevalence of depression among males and females is in the age group of 36 to 45 years and 46 to 55 years. So it values of 0.005 and 0.013 respectively.

Females have a higher prevalence of depression in all the age groups than males and it is highest in the age group 26 to 35 years (68.66%).

Females in the age group of 15–25 years also have similar prevalence rate of depression (68.64%). In males prevalence of depression is highest in the age group of 15–25 years (64.61%) followed by 62.65% in the age group of 26 to 35 years (62.65%). 

Depression In Rural Areas:

Therefore, the difference in the prevalence of depression among males and females is significant.

Depression is much higher in rural areas (84.73%) as compared to urban areas (15.26%). In rural areas the prevalence of depression among females is higher (93.10 %) as compared to males (6.8%).

How To Control It?

Mental health is an integral part of overall health and quality of life. Effective evidence-based pogroms and policies are available to promote mental health, and to enhance resilience.

Then it will reduce risk factors, and increase protective factors. Moreover, it prevents mental and behavioural disorders.

In addition, there should introduce innovative community-based health programmes. These are culturally and gender appropriate and reaches out to all segments of the population.

So it needs to be developed. Then it’s possible to achieve substantial and sustainable improvements. It can be achieved only when a comprehensive strategy for mental health incorporates both prevention and care elements is adopted.

WHO/ Read more: “Depression In Mahabharata”/ DEPRESSION A SILENT PANDEMIC/ RabindranathTagore As A Doctor

World Health Organisation has ranked depression as the fourth among the list of the most urgent health problems worldwide. It has predicted it to become number two in terms of disease burden by 2020 overriding diabetes, cancer, arthritis etc.

The magnitude, suffering and burden in terms of disability and costs for individuals, families and societies are staggering .

So Mental disorders are universal. It affects people of all countries and societies, individuals at all ages, women and men, the rich and the poor, from urban and rural environments.

Mental functioning is fundamentally interconnected with physical and social functioning and health outcomes.

Moreover, mental health is influenced by displacement through conflict and war, stresses on families, and economic adversity.

For the many persons who face uncertain futures (including those by conflict or disasters), the burden of serious emotional and behavioural disorders afflicts their lives.

Many people living amidst the rages of conflict suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.

At the dawn of a new millennium, communities and societies increasingly face situations of armed conflict. While this trend is apparent in different parts of the world, it is of particular concern to the South Asian region.

Violence is a phenomenon intrinsic to class-based societies. They are inherently unequal and oppressive.

So Violence here may take implicit forms in the manner of institutionalised oppression and inequality. Or a more explicit form of state oppression through the use of state-sanctioned institutions, such as the police, the military and courts.

It could even assume a more direct form, whereby civilians manage the task of a weakened state through militia groupings.

Large-scale violence may also take the form of mass uprisings against the oppression of dominant classes. Besides, civilians are increasingly being targeted in these episodes of contemporary violence.

Civilians of Kashmir have to reduce military casualties as protective shields . Torture, rape and executions are carried out to undermine morale and to eradicate the cultural links and self-esteem of the population.

However, most civilians witness war-related traumatic events. Shooting, killing, rape and loss of family members are the regular features of Kashmir.

The extent of psychosocial problems that results from this mass exposure to traumatic events can ultimately threaten the prospects for long-term stability in society.

Despite growing evidence over the past two decades of the terror – both of the physical and mental dimensions of war upon civilians – much of post-conflict activity tends to concentrate on physical reconstruction – roads, bridges and buildings.

Moreover, psychological and psychic injuries can have more damaging. Long-term consequences as other injuries from a situation of conflict, they remain undetected.

So they didn’t avail of any plans for rehabilitation. Partly this is because these injuries are difficult to fathom in terms of the enormity of scale.

Besides the delayed manifestation of symptoms sometimes take years to surface. However, physical violence may be easier to identify, name and quantify than psychic or symbolic violence.

Kashmir is the heaven on earth. Its splendid beauty and hospitable population is legendary. But over the past 2 decades Kashmir became associated with violence.

Hence, the objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of depression in the non-combatant civilian population of Kashmir.

Luckily, there a low-intensity conflict has been going on for more than 2 decades. Some researchers conducted a study during 2005–06.

Mainly security concerns are amongst the dominant themes in the minds of people living in Kashmir. Hence, this owes to the fact that death, injury, destruction of property is notable features of life. It’s due to conflict, disturbances and turmoil for the last 2 decades.

Besides, many have suffered tragic incidents of a war-like situation. By their nature, they are beyond the endurance of the common man. Many are witnesses to bloodshed. That is characteristic of such a situation.

Moreover, thousands of people have lost their lives or limbs. Unfortunately, thousands of orphans and widows have been rendered. Scores have disappeared. Colossal damage to property is evident.

Besides, numerous educational and healthcare institutions have suffered damages. It’s every day’s newspaper headlines that the people of Kashmir are not having a peaceful atmosphere for living there. Even those who have survived all this, continue to be reminded of their vulnerability.

Moreover, disruption of development works consequent upon the war-like situation. Ultimately, there are unemployment, poverty, etc.

Besides, a vicious circle of events has been created there. It comprises torture, disappearances, displacement, killings, ballistic trauma, etc.

And paralleled by a state of mind wherein grieving, insecurity, oppression, poverty, uncertainties of career and relationships etc. are the major themes.

Keywords: Depression, Insurgency, Kashmir, Mind

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DEPRESSION A SILENT PANDEMIC

AM I DEPRESSED ?

” Am I depressed ?” We can’t ask ourselves ? Indeed, we can’t understand consciously when we are in depression. Truly, it comes to us very stealthily. Very silently and stealthily this disease makes it room in the mind of modern people. 

With more than 350 million people are suffering from depression worldwide. So government and ngos should take stringent steps to address the seriousness of depression. If it’s not, the illness may soon become the next global epidemic. 

India has 1,500 depression people per 100,000 inhabitants. So, approximately 5 percent of the global population or 1 in every 20 people across the world is depressed. 

The United States has the largest number of depressed people worldwide per 100,000 inhabitants at 1,454. India ranks a close fifth, with 1,400 depressed people per 100,000 inhabitants. 

It is not uncommon of us to come across a family member or friend who avoids social gatherings or occasion or seem reluctant during social interactions. 

Most of us tend to take such episodes lightly, brushing them off as rudeness or introverted behaviour. So depression is a topic that is rarely acknowledged, and seldom spoken of openly. This has resulted in depression becoming a global mental health issue that needs urgent recognition and intervention. 

It’s fact that compared to other physical diseases, the diagnosis and treatment of depression is difficult to come by, and tackling it becomes even difficult.

Unlike physical diseases such as Cancer, Hypertension,Diabates – which high global numbers, the awareness about depression and its effects and treatment options are really low. Therefore, despite depression being completely curable, the number of people suffering from it remains so high. 

EXPERT OPINION: 

Eminent Doctor and Professor of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. Rajesh Sagar expressed his views: 

  ” The global scenario for patients suffering from depression remains a matter of concern. People are yet to recognise depression as a serious mental health issues which has widespread psychological and biological implications. 

 The problems in engaging in conversations about depression and accessing proper counselling or medication have resulted in a large number of people suffering from depression but being unable to talk about it. 

   AFFLUENCY IS NOT REASON: 

     Countries with solvent financial status are not necessarily the happiest in terms of mental health and its diagnosis. The US, for all its medical advancement has the maximum per capita cases of depression, since people there have better access to mental healthcare systems than countries which are more conservative about such issues. 

As a result, globally depression has been known to render more than 250 million people as disabled in the age group of 40 to 60. 

Untreated symptoms of depression can cause difficulties in leading a normal life. Especially as a person gets old. With depression, lack of self- confidence, trauma and prolonged period of sadness sets in, affecting day -to- day activities of life.

SYMTOMS OF DEPRESSION : 

Generally depressed people who undergo prolonged periods of sadness and anxiety gradually became unproductive at work. They don’t speak to the nearest one about their condition. 

Naturally they are fighting within themselves for a long time. But it’s only after proper diagnosis that depression can be confirmed and due treatment can start. 

DEPRESSION ACCORDING TO WHO: 

There are so many causes behind depression. WHO is firm in providing multiple possible causes for the occurrence of depression? 

   Research findings from expert psychiatrists worldwide have been able to identify negative parental influence, hereditary presence of depressive genes and socio- economic conditions as the most commonly identified cases of depression. 

DEPRESSION A SILENT PANDEMIC, RABIBDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION,

Negative parental influence such as peer pressure, alcohol abuse by parents, dysfunctional relationship with parents can cause depression to set in very early and lasts for a lifetime. 

Parental influence of shapes up how a kid ends up leading a life. A parental influence of negativity and fear makes children prone to depressive tendencies. It might cripple their chances of leading a normal life. 

In USA, 6,000 of 20,000 surveyed people cited negative parental influence as the core source for them developing depression. Factors such as excessive migration, domestic abuse and underage marriage are some of the contributing factors towards the development of depression. 

Next we would try to discuss about the depression in India. 

To be continued 

“Depression In Mahabharata”

sleepy woman having rest near window
Photo: Depression in Mahabharata/ www.kalpatarurudra.org/jpg

We can’t believe the pathetic ending of our beloved superhuman godly king of Ayodhya, Rama and his family. I have discussed their mental agony and melancholy there. Here it is about the depression in Mahabharata.

Not only in Ramayana, but we also see the same depression in the characters of Mahabharata. It’s our history and the grand epic. Due to depressive disorder, some great characters of this epic committed suicide.

The eminent warrior of Kurukshetra and the guru of Arjuna, Dronacharya gave up swords when he learnt that his son, Asswathama had died on the battlefield. 

Another great warrior of Kurukshetra and uncle of Arjuna, Vishma also relinquished his arms. And took deathbed. 

  • ARJUNA IN DEPRESSION : 

Even Arjuna, the ‘Gurakesha’ had to face deep depression. On the eve of the battle, Kurukshetra had been benumbed thinking about the death of his close relatives and friends in the battle. He became overwhelmed with grief and melancholy. 

In modern medical science, it marks as the symbol of depression. He is a great hero, but due to mental weakness and dilemma of mind, Arjuna denied fighting against his relatives.

But Almighty God Shri Krishna being learnt the condition of Arjuna gives some lessons to him. To remove Arjuna’s ignorance of the mind, Krishna explains the truth of life. 

Arjuna was not in a stable mind. He was in a massive dilemma. He says: ”  Rudhio Prodigdhan” – I don’t have to want to sit on the King’s throne by don’t of blood. 

We see Arjuna is reluctant to fight. He is Khattriya, a great warrior. But he forgot the responsibilities of Khattriya. He was in deep grief – ” Bishwaidantam”. 

Instable mind, dilemma, weakness, luck of contemplation, melancholy, shivering, – all these are the symptoms of depression. Krishna realises that Arjuna’s depressive state of mind is due to his improper knowledge about life and existence. 

But Arjuna, as a human being, had to face depression. In Gita, we notice the mental breakdown of Arjuna. Both physical and mental symptoms are to be found in people who are going through depression. 

Read more posts: DEPRESSION A SILENT PANDEMIC

RABIBDRANATH TAGORE IN DEPRESSION

Now, look at the condition of Arjuna. He was in acute mental problems. According to Gita, this is his attitudes and mental condition: 

” My mouth is drying out, the whole body is shivering, my favourite bow is slipping from my hands, I’m feeling burning situation over my whole body, and unable to stand up. Even I can’t think deeply. ” 

Hence, these are all the symptoms of depressive mind. 

There is a large portion of Gita where we find the Arjuna’s mental restlessness, anxiety, mood swings and also Krishna prescribes some vocal therapy to Arjuna to overcome it. Here Psychiatry is Sri Krishna. 

However, we come to know this with the conversation of Krishna and Arjuna. It’s nothing but the psychotherapy of modern medical treatment. It continues( therapy) for a long time. Then Arjuna became normal. He got free from the mental trauma. 

In 1899, Emil Creplin described first about “Manic Depressive Psychosis” with the help of previous research of psychologists of France and German.