Dr. Sushil Rudra

panoramic photography of green field
Bande Mataram /Image:


We, Indians, have gained our freedom from the British Raj after a long battle and giving a ton of bloodshed. But after gaining freedom we had to face some problems. What is this? Mainly the issue was ” Bande Mataram ” song for national anthem.

Once the British government banned this song, and later a debate and controversy took place within the Congress party leaders about the inclusion of the song “Vande Mataram” as the national anthem.

However, this song was a source of inspiration to the freedom fighters during the Indian freedom movement. Still, it’s a powerful instrument to the patriotic people of our country. So I think it should be further debate and discussion.


Table of Contents :

  1. Composer Of Vande Mataram & Ananda math
  2. Author’s bio: Family, Education & Service
  3. Bankim Chandra as an Author
  4. Anandamath & Vande Mataram
  5. The Musicians of Vande Mataram
  6. Vande Mataram as a Lyric
  7. Why this song was banned?
  8. Indian National Congress & The Vande Mataram Song
  9. Vande Mataram Song as a national anthem?
  10. Conclusion

1. Composer Of Vande Mataram & Anandamath:

The Bengali author, and the pioneer of Bengali novel, Bankim Chandra Chatterji (1838–1894), composed “Vande Mataram” (Hail to thee, mother/ Salutation to the Mother) lyric in 1875.

It is a poem consisting of twelve lines in two stanzas. It was expanded when it appeared in his Bengali-language novel Anandamath (Abbey of bliss) in 1882.

The novel came to light first serially in the literary journal Bangadarshan. This was a literary magazine and Bankim Chandra founded it in 1872, between 1880 and 1882.

2. Author’s Bio: Family, Education & Service

Bankim Chandra Chattapaddhay came from an orthodox Brahman family. He took his education at Hooghly College, Presidency College, and the University of Calcutta.

He studied law and was one of the first graduating scholars at the University of Calcutta. He was a deputy magistrate.

From 1858 until his retirement in 1891, he was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He retired as a deputy magistrate.

3. Bankimchandra as an Author :

Bankimchandra Chatterjee was the author of over a dozen novels and numerous essays. He wrote first in English (Rajmohan’s wife)and afterwords, in his native Bengali language.

When Bankim had finished the highly influential novel ANANDAMATH, he inserted this Vande Mataram lyric within the story and vested it with highly significant narrative functions.

4. Anandamath & Vande Mataram :

Anandamath was a patriotic tale of Hindu rebellion against the British. Ultimately, it is by the Sannyasis (Shudras who usually worshipped Shiva) in Bengal and Bihar between 1762 and 1774.

Their slogan was “Om Vande Mataram.” Anandamath turns into a play in 1883 and translated into Hindi in 1905. Afterwards, in 1906, Sri Aurobindo (1872–1950) translated this song in English. However, it’s before being translated into other Indian languages.

5. The Musician of Vande Mataram:

Judanath Bhattacharya, the great classical singer and musician of then Bengal, composed music for the poem. He was famous as Jadu Bhatta.

Most probably, Bankim Chandra used to learn classical music to him. Besides, we know that he was the music teacher of future Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941).

Tagore himself, and we usually credit Rabindranath Tagore with composing the music in 1882. He sang it on a phonograph record. The All India Redio first produced this song in 1905.

6. Vande Mataram as a Lyrics?

The Vande Mataram lyric begins in Sanskrit. Then it turns into Bengali and ends with Sanskrit passages again.

However, it begins with an evocation of the bounteous, lovely land that generously nurtures its children. Then bounty and physical richness turn into an image of latent strength. It came from the image of Durga, the demon-slaying goddess.

” It is your image that we worship in all temples.” The land, for a while, is at one with the icon of Durga.

The image of Durga then quickly and insidiously transforms itself into that of Kali, another manifestation of the Mother goddess, but as a destructive, angry force.

It ends with a reiteration of the original sense of bounty and nurture, and an exhortation to her children to enrich her strength with their own.

In between, there is just a suggestion of her present weakness – ” with such strength, why are you helpless?” – but the overwhelming sense is one of power.

Therefore, the power is undifferentiated and flows back and forth from the mother to the sons, though it certainly originates with the mother.

The song encapsulates, in an unbroken musical flow, the three distinct images of the nurturing mother of the past, the dispossessed mother of the present. And the triumphant mother of the future.

As a result, these are developed at much greater length within the novel. For Bankimchandra, Hinduism and nationalism were synonymous.

Therefore, his novels and essays became an inspiration to nationalists at the turn of the century, especially at the time of the partition of Bengal in 1905.

7. Why this Song was banned ?

Sir Bampfylde Fuller (1854–1935), the lieutenant-governor of East Bengal and Assam (1905–1906), on 7 November 1905, banned this song in Bengal. Because it was considered an incitement to violence.

The ban was imposed until 1911 and it was reimposed between 1930 and 1937. It was first sung by the Indian National Congress at their twenty-first annual meeting held in 1905 at Benares (Varanasi).

“The mantra had been given and in a single day a whole people had been converted to the religion of patriotism.”

It was sung outside the courthouse by supporters at the sedition trial of Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856–1920) in 1909 and Indian nationalist, obviously saw the demon slayer as pitted against the colonial exploitation and the patriotic struggle for liberation.

8. Indian National Congress & Vande Mataram Song:

The song became the national anthem of the Indian National Congress during the nationalist struggle for independence and was sung at its meetings.

As a result, its author, Bankimchandra Chatterjee is considered one of India’s nationalist heroes.

Muslim leaders made a protest against this song as the national anthem. Because the controversial nature of the song lay in the fact that the identification of the “mother” with India, which was redolent of Hinduism. Therefore, it was the cause why they did not agree.

The Indian National Congress had to face criticism at a time when there was a great deal of discussion about what should be the national anthem.

Furthermore, the organisers of the conference could substitute or add any other song that was “of an unobjectionable character.”

Nonetheless, “Vande Mataram” continued to offend Muslims and constituted one more piece of evidence that Congress rule would mean “Hindu rule” in an independent India.

It, therefore, played a role in the Pakistan movement. When it came time for India to decide on a national anthem, “Vande Mataram,” despite its popularity and its role in the freedom movement, unfortunately, some leaders rejected it .

Instead, Rabindranath Tagore composed “Janaganamana Adhinayaka” (The morning song of India) in 1911 and the members sang it on the second day’s sitting of the Indian National Congress Annual Session.

This Session took place at Calcutta the same year. And published in 1912. However, it became India’s national anthem in 1950.

9. Vande Mataram Song as National Anthem ?

Read more: The Banned Books In India

Subhash Chandra Bose adapted this song as (1897–1945) Indian National Army, founded in 1943.

Ironically, we came to know that Rabindranath Tagore wrote “Janaganamana” to commemorate the visit of King George V to India in 1911 and sung this song to at his durbār.

But Rabindranath refuted this claim. The song “Bande Mataram” was, however, according to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) in a speech in 1950, honoured equally and accorded equal status.

As a result, this decision was met with considerable opposition at the time by people who favoured “Bande Mataram” as the national anthem.

Fortunately, in the 1990s, Bharatiya Janata Party called for its adoption as India’s national anthem. And it’s a good decision.

10. Conclusion:

Ultimately, Vande Mataram song was the inspiration of thousands of freedom fighters. They used this song to be inspired.

As a result, these compatriots sacrificed their lives for the independence of the motherland from the chain of British Raj. Naturally, this song had acted like powerful mantra.

Posted on # Tag: Bande Mataram, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, National Anthem

Hypothyroidism: Causes Treatment & Diet

by Sushil Rudra Ph.D

∆ How to care about Hypothyroidism

∆ What type of diet should be taken in hypothyroidism? We are not serious about it. So today’s subject is hypothyroidism: causes treatment & diet.

Illustration of the thyroid and its location in the neck.
Hypothyroidism :causes treatment & diet /

Hypothyroidism is a silent disease. When we are fearing about the 2nd phase of Covid, my spouse is having a massive weakness and palpitations.

Moreover, she’s a deep fatigue and can’t able to regular homework. So without any delay we had to go Hospital. BP is low. Doctor advised her to examine blood and ECG.

After examination, it’s found that in ECG there is no such problem. But she has been suffering from Hypothyroidism.

  1. Contents:Hypothyroidism: causes treatment & diet
  • I will discuss here following subjects :
  • 1. What is hypothyroidism? 2. How common is hypothyroidism? 3. Who is more to develop hypothyroidism? 4. Whether is ( hypothyroidism) during pregnancy a problem? 5 Other health problems because of hypothyroidism? 6. Symptoms of hypothyroidism? 7. How do doctors diagnose hypothyroidism? 8. How is hypothyroidism treated? 9. What should I eat or not in hypothyroidism?

What is hypothyroidism: Causes treatment & diet

Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid, is when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones  to meet your body’s needs.

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Thyroid hormones control the way the body uses energy. so they affect nearly every organ in your body, even the way your heart beats.

Secondly, without enough thyroid hormones, many of your body’s functions slow down.The thyroid is a small gland in your neck that makes thyroid hormones.

How common is hypothyroidism?

About 4.6 percent of the U.S. population ages 12 and older has hypothyroidism, although most cases are mild. That’s almost 5 people out of 100.

Who is more likely to develop hypothyroidism?

Women are much more likely than men to develop hypothyroidism. The disease is also more common among people older than age 60.

You are more likely to have hypothyroidism if you

Is it (hypothyroidism) during pregnancy a problem?

Hypothyroidism that isn’t treated can affect both the mother and the baby. However, thyroid medicines can help prevent problems and are safe to take during pregnancy.

Learn more about the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hypothyroidism during pregnancy.

  • have had a thyroid problem before, such as a goitre
  • have had surgery to correct a thyroid problem
  • have received radiation treatment to the thyroid, neck, or chest
  • have a family history of thyroid disease
  • were pregnant in the past 6 months
  • have Turner syndrome NIH external link, a genetic disorder that affects females
  • have other health problems, including
    • Sjogren’s syndrome NIH external link, a disease that causes dry eyes and mouth
    • Pernicious anaemia  NIH external link, a condition caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency
    • type 1 diabetes
    • rheumatoid arthritis NIH external link, an autoimmune disease that affects the joints
    • Lupus NIH external link, a chronic inflammatory condition

Other health problems because of hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism can contribute to high cholesterol. So people with high cholesterol should be tested for hypothyroidism. Rarely, severe, untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidsm.

During that time the body’s functions turn slow to the point that it becomes life-threatening. Myxedema coma requires immediate medical treatment.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism has many symptoms that can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism include

  • Fatigue
  • a puffy face
  • trouble tolerating cold
  • joint and muscle pain
  • constipation
  • dry skin
  • dry, thinning hair
  • decreased sweating
  • heavy or irregular menstrual periods
  • fertility problems
  • depression
  • slowed heart rate
  • goiter

Because hypothyroidism develops slowly, many people don’t notice symptoms of the disease for months or even years.

Many of these symptoms, especially fatigue and weight gain, are common and don’t always mean that someone has a thyroid problem.

What causes hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism has several causes, including

  • Hashimoto is not a disease
  • thyroiditis, or inflammation  of the thyroid
  • congenital hypothyroidism, or hypothyroidism that is present at birth
  • surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid
  • radiation treatment of the thyroid
  • some medicines

Less often, hypothyroidism is caused by too much or too little iodine in the diet NIH external link or by pituitary disease.

Hashimoto Disease

Hashimoto disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Hashimoto disease is an autoimmune disorder. With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid. The thyroid becomes inflamed and can’t make enough thyroid hormones.


Thyroiditis is inflammation of your thyroid that causes stored thyroid hormone to leak out of your thyroid gland.

At first, the leakage increases hormone levels in the blood, leading to hyperthyroidism, a condition in which thyroid hormone levels are too high.

The hyperthyroidism may last for up to 3 months, after which your thyroid may become underactive. The resulting hypothyroidism usually lasts 12 to 18 months, but sometimes is permanent.

Several types of thyroiditis can cause hyperthyroidism and then cause hypothyroidism:

  • Subacute thyroiditis. This condition involves a painfully inflamed and enlarged thyroid. Experts are not sure what causes subacute thyroiditis, but it may be related to an infection caused by a virus or bacteria .
  • Posrpartum thyroidities. This type of thyroiditis develops after a woman gives birth.
  • Silent thyroiditis. This type of thyroiditis is called “silent” because it is painless, even though your thyroid may be enlarged. Experts think silent thyroiditis is probably an autoimmune condition.

Congenital hypothyroidism

Some babies are born with a thyroid that is not fully developed or does not function properly. If untreated, congenital hypothyroidism can lead to intellectual disability.

 NIH external link and growth failure—when a baby doesn’t grow as expected. Early treatment can prevent these problems, which is why most newborns in the United States are tested for hypothyroidism.

Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid

When surgeons remove part of the thyroid, the remaining part may produce normal amounts of thyroid hormone, but some people who have this surgery develop hypothyroidism. Removal of the entire thyroid always results in hypothyroidism.

Surgeons may remove part or all of the thyroid as a treatment for

  • hyperthyroidism
  • a large goiter
  • thyroid nodules, which are noncancerous tumors or lumps in the thyroid that can produce too much thyroid hormone .


Some medicines can interfere with thyroid hormone production and lead to hypothyroidism, including

  • amiodarone, a heart medicine
  • interferon-alpha, a cancer medicine
  • lithium, a bipolar disorder medicine
  • interleukin-2, a kidney cancer medicine

How do doctors diagnose hypothyroidism?

Your doctor will take a medical history and do a physical exam, but also will need to do some tests to confirm a diagnosis of hypothyroidism.

Many symptoms of hypothyroidism are the same as those of other diseases, so doctors usually can’t diagnose hyperthyroidism based on symptoms alone.

Because hypothyroidism can cause fertility problems, women who have trouble getting pregnant often get tested for thyroid problems.

Your doctor may use several blood tests to confirm a diagnosis of hypothyroidism and find its cause.

How is hypothyroidism treated?

There are various types of treatment for Hypothyroidism. First of all, I will discuss homoeopathic medicine to treat it. It is proved that Homeopathic medicine can cure hyperthyroidism. Therefore, you can try these medications.

1. Tuberculosis 1m one dose. You will not take other medicines at least 24 hours.

2. Thyrodinum 30 four times a day. It will continue for months. 4 drops.

3. Calcaria Carb 30 two times daily. 3/4 drops.

4. Aconite 30 + Arsenic Alb 30 + Kali Phos 200 ( if palpitations too much) you can take it several times until your palpitations decline.

Now Alopathy treatment. It is treated by replacing the hormone that your thyroid can no longer make. You will take levothyroxine.

It is a thyroid hormone medicine that is identical to a hormone the thyroid normally makes. Your doctor may recommend taking the medicine in the morning before eating.

Your doctor will give you a blood test about 6 to 8 weeks after you begin taking thyroid hormone and adjust your dose if needed. Each time your dose is adjusted, you’ll have another blood test.

So once you’ve reached a dose that’s working for you, your health care provider will probably repeat the blood test in 6 months and then once a year.

As a result, your hypothyroidism most likely can be completely controlled with thyroid hormone medicine, as long as you take the recommended dose as instructed.

So never stop taking your medicine without talking with your health care provider first.

What should I eat or not eating if I have hypothyroidism?

The thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. However, people with Hashimoto disease or other types of autoimmune thyroid disorders may be sensitive to harmful side effects from iodine.

Eating foods that have large amounts of iodine—such as kelp, or other kinds of seaweed—may cause or worsen hypothyroidism. On the other hand, taking iodine supplements can have the same effect.

Talk with members of your health care team about what foods you should limit or avoid, and let them know if you take iodine supplements.

Besides, share information about any cough syrups that you take because they may contain iodine.

Women need more iodine when they are pregnant. Because the baby gets iodine from the mother’s diet.

Hence, if you are pregnant, talk with your health care provider about how much iodine you need.

Read more: 1. Depression and Insurgency In Kashmir 2. The Experience Of Facing Depression



The Banned Books In India

Dr Sushil Rudra PhD (University of Calcutta)

Banned books in India An Area of Darkness
The Banned Books in India/
banned books in india - The Satanic Verses
The Banned Books in India//jpg
banned books in india - Shivaji-Hindu King in Islamic India
The Banned Books in India/
banned books in india - Jinnah, India, Partition, Independence
banned books in india - Such A Long Journey
banned books in india - Polyester Prince-The Rise of Dhirubhai Ambani
The Banned Books in India /image:
banned books in india - It was five past midnight in Bhopal

I love books since my childhood days. I have read the novels of great Bengali writers Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, Bimal Mitra, and Ashauprna Devi from our library. Even I have finished reading the novels of the pioneer of Bengali novel and the composer of our national anthem” Bande Mataram”.

I was then 15 to 16 years old, then a student of class 9 or 10. But that time I didn’t read any band books. So, after my superannuation, I have read some of the banned books in India.

Book censorship is not a new phenomenon – books have been banned and burnt for centuries. In a multicultural country like India, it is difficult to maintain perfect stability, especially when it comes to religion. Here I will try to explain” The banned books in India”.


India is a country of diversities – Diversity In demography, in languages, in dress and food habits and so on. Even diversity in religious beliefs.

Far too often, religion seeps into public life, into politics and literature, instigating waves of discord that manifest themselves through public demonstrations and litigation.

On a fundamental level, censorship of books displays a blatant disregard for pluralism, and an overwhelming eagerness to tear down new ideas.

While it is certainly the government’s prerogative, too often, the law is taken in the hands by outraged citizens!

As the spate of book banning continues in India, here are some of the most controversial banned books in India in the recent past –

An Area of Darkness – V.S. Naipaul: The Banned Books In India:

The first book in Naipaul’s trilogy on India – ‘An Area of Darkness’ was published in 1964. It is a semi-autobiographical account of the year he spent travelling in India.

The style of the book is quintessentially Naipaul – unsentimental, unflinching .– he writes with a coldness of a surgeon’s knife.

This banned book in India, features Naipaul’s strikingly original responses to India’s paralysing caste system, its apparently serene acceptance of poverty and squalor, and the conflict between its desire for self-determination and its nostalgia for the British raj.

Obviously, the dark tone of the book did not please the Indian tourism board. Criticised for its portrayal of India as a helpless, hopeless place, the book was banned in India.

The Satanic Verses – Salmon Rushdie

The Satanic Verses: The banned book

Salmon Rushdie’s ‘The Satanic Verses’ is considered the most controversial book ever. It got him immense notoriety as a writer and also a few death threats.

There was a rash of protests around the world following its publication in 1988. Books and effigies of the writer were burnt. India was the first country to ban the book.– Other countries soon followed suit.

The book is about two Indian expatriates, now living in England, are on an aeroplane when it is exploded by terrorists.

They survive the explosion and the fall, but after landing their lives change. The garish obnoxious one, gains a halo, becoming the arch-angel Gabriel and the prim and proper other one becomes the devil.

The devil’s story is his reintroduction into society and the angel’s story is through his dreams, who he inspires the prophet, Mohamed . Everything culminates into a showdown between these two entities.

Shivaji: Hindu King in Islamic India – James Laine

Shivaji-Hindu King in Islamic India: The banned books in India

When this biographical book on the Marathi King Shivaji was published in 2003, nobody could have anticipated the public ire that it drew. James Laine, a highly respected scholar, had done some of his research for the book in Bhandarkar Institute of Oriental Research, Pune.

While a ban was imposed on the book in Maharashtra, angry mobs ransacked the institute and destroyed many precious manuscripts in the process. James Laine traces the origin and development of the Shivaji legend from the earliest sources to the contemporary accounts of the tale.

His primary concern was to discover the meaning of Shivaji’s life for those who have composed the legendary accounts of his military victories, his daring escapes, his relationships with saints.

In the process, he painted a complex picture of Hindu-Muslim relations from the seventeenth century to the present.

Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence – Jaswant Singh

Jinnah, India, Partition, Independence is one of the very important books that were banned in India.

Eyebrows were raised when Jaswant Singh, a prominent member of the BJP came out with a book on Jinnah in 2009. Like its heavy title, the book was pronounced to have suitable scholarly merit.

Instead of being a tendentious tome, it was a well-researched, perspicuous book. However, the Gujarat government banned the book and Jaswant Singh was unceremoniously expelled from his party.

The partition of India in 1947, has been the most wounding trauma of the twentieth century. Why did this partition take place at all?

Jaswant Singh attempts to find an answer. He studies Jinnah’s political journey beginning as ‘an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity’ and ended up with his becoming the ‘sole spokesman’ of Muslims in India.

The book attempts an objective evaluation of Jinnah’s transformation.

Such A Long Journey – Rohinton Mistry: The Banned Books in India

‘Such a long journey’ is a highly acclaimed novel by Rohinton Mistry. It has won many awards like The Commonwealth Writers Prize, Governor General’s award, and was also shortlisted for the prestigious Booker prize.

It follows the family life of a Parsi protagonist in the tumultuous decade of 1970, under the rule of Indira Gandhi. Shiv Sena objected to the ‘derogatory’ remarks made against its leader in the book. The issue was fiercely debated on public forums and within academic circles after the University of Mumbai withdrew the book from its syllabus.

Rohinton Mistry later issued a public statement, expressing his disappointment about the withdrawal.

Polyester Prince: The Rise of Dhirubhai Ambani – Hamish McDonald

Polyester Prince-The Rise of Dhirubhai Ambani

Polyester Prince’, the unofficial biography of Dhirubhai Ambani, which could have been one of the polemical biographies of the decade, never saw the light of the day.

Harper Collins, the publisher anticipated legal action from the Ambani family and pulled the plug before the book could go into print. The book comments on length on the concept of power, and gives a riveting account of Ambani’s meteoric rise, his hits and misses and his successors.

The book, though unavailable in India, can be found and read on the web. Pirated copies of the book are also commonplace.

It was five past midnight in Bhopal – Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro

It was five past midnight in Bhopal

It was five past midnight in Bhopal’ is a novel based on one of the greatest disasters in recent times – the Bhopal gas tragedy, which killed thousands of people and left lakhs injured.

Instead of being a dry, prosaic account, the book is a tribute to the resilience of the human spirit, a chronicle of human survival against all odds.

The book was banned after Swaraj Puri, the commissioner of Bhopal during that period, filed a defamation suit. Later, the ban was lifted by the Madhya Pradesh high court.

List of more books banned in India

This is a list of books or any specific textual material that have been or are banned in India or parts of India.


This section lists books that are banned or once faced a nationwide ban in India (including in British India.

Date –Work- Author-Notes

1924 Rangila Rasul Pandit M. A. Chamupati or Krishan Prashaad Prataab. In May 1924, this Urdu booklet was published in Lahore.

The booklet purportedly described Prophet Muhammad‘s relationship with women. The publisher, Raj Pal,  was charged under 153A of the Indian Penal Code for hate speech by the Punjab government.

The final disposition came in May 1927. The court declared that law does not prohibit satirical writings about the deceased and the publisher was acquitted with a warning. 

On 6 April 1929, the publisher was murdered. The murderer, a Muslim youth named Ilm-ud-din, was sentenced to death and the sentenced was carried out on 31 October 1929. Ilm-ud-din’s defence lawyer was Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

‌‌ Heaven Max WylieIt cannot be brought into India. Max Wylie, the creator The Flying Nun TV show, researched this book while teaching in Lahore. The novel questioned the work of American missionaries in India. It also dealt with the harsh effects of the climate on the missionaries.


This section lists books that were banned by a state government. The Section 95 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 allows the state governments to declare any publication as forfeit.

Date |Work |Author| State(s) Notes. 1944 Satyarth Prakash Dayananda Saraswati Sindh Satyartha Prakash was banned In some princely states and in Sindh in 1944 and is still banned in Sindh.

 In 2008 two Indian Muslims, Usman Ghani and Mohammad Khalil Khan of Sadar Bazar, Delhi, following the fatwa of Mufti Mukarram Ahmed, the Imam of Fatehpuri Masjid in Delhi, urged the Delhi High Court to ban Satyarth Prakash.

 However, the court dismissed the petition and commented “A suit by Hindus against the Quran or by Muslims against Gita or Satyarth Prakash claiming relief… are in fact, meant to play mischief in the society.”

1969,the hindi version of the book, Sachchi Ramayana, was banned by the state government and all copies were seized in December 1969.

The publisher challenged the decision in the Allahabad High Court. The court nullified the ban and asked the government to return all copies to the publisher.

The state government challenged the High Court in the Supreme Court. On 16 September 1976, Supreme Court declared the ban to be illegal.

However, the government ignored the court decisions and managed to stop sales of the book, until 1995. In 1995, after the political party Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) came to power, the book was widely published for the Periyar mela held in September 1995.

2001 Bhavsagar Granth Followers of Baba Bhaniara , by Parkash Singh Badal-led Punjab government in 2001 for allegedly insulting the Sikh faith. The state arrested the people who were found in possession of the book, and confiscated its copies.

 In November 2008, the Supreme Court of India overturned the ban, stating that the Punjab government was allowed to issue a fresh ban, if needed. Punjab Government then banned the book on 15 December 2008.

2003 Dwikhandito Taslima Nasrin .West Bengal The CPI(M) government banned the book on 28 November 2003 fearing that book could incite communal discord.

 In November 2003, the Calcutta High Court put out an injunction against publication after a poet, Syed Hasmat Jalal, filed 110 million INR defamation suit. On 22 September 2005, the court lifted the ban.

2004 Shivaji: Hindu King in Islamic India, James Laine Maharashtra. On January 2004, a mob alleging disparaging remarks made about Shivaji attacked Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute where Laine had researched the book. Several rare manuscripts were destroyed in the process. 

On 14 January, the state government run by the Congress Party under Sushil Kumar Shinde banned the book. In 2007, the Bombay High Court revoked the ban.  The state government challenged the decision in the Supreme Court. Supreme Court upheld the previous decision and lifted the ban in 2010.

2006 The Epic of Shivaji: A Translation and Study of Kavindra Paramananda’s Sivabharata James Laine MaharashtraThe book was banned for allegedly containing derogatory references on grounds that it could cause a law and order problem.

2006 The Da Vinci Code, Dan Brown Nagaland. The book was banned by the government for allegedly containing blasphemous remarks about Jesus.

2007 Islam: A Concept of Political World Invasion by R. V. Basin, Maharashtra. The book was released in 2003. It was banned by the Congress government in 2007 ground that it contained derogatory remarks about Islam and Prophet Mohammad.

In 2010,the Bombay High Court upheld the ban. The decision was challenged by the Supreme Court but it rejected the appeal.

2009 Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence. By Jaswant Singh Gujarat. Banned in Gujarat but overturned.

The book was on banned on 19 August 2009, for containing defamatory references to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Jaswant Singh was also expelled from his political party, BJP, for writing this book. On 4 September, the Gujarat High Court revoked the ban.

Jharkhand 2011 Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India by Joseph Lelyveld , Gujarat. The biographical book suggested that Gandhi was a bisexual. It is banned in the state of Gujarat (where Gandhi was born) on 31 March 2011.

The Union Law Minister Veerappa Moily hinted that the Centre may also ban the book. Gandhi’s grandsons, Tushar Gandhi, Rajmohan Gandhi and Gopalkrishna Gandhi, expressed opposition to the ban proposal. On 4 April, Moily ruled out the ban.

2013 Meendezhum Pandiyar Varalaru (Resurgence of Pandiyan History) K. Senthil Mallar, Tamil Nadu. The Tamil Nadu government banned this Tamil book on 30 May 2013 on grounds that it may cause violence and promote discord among communities.

The book allegedly claims the Dalit community called Pallar, were among the rulers of the Pandya kingdom. The author has appealed in the Madras High Court against the ban.

2017 The Adivasi Will Not Dance Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar Jharkhand On 11 August 2017, the government of Jharkhand  banned The Adivas Stories was removed in December 2017 and Shekhar’s suspension was removed and he was reinstated into his job in 2018.

Other challenged books:

Read more: Swami Vivekananda’s Inspired Talks : The Gospel/

These lists of books that have been legally challenged to impose a ban or to exclude from a syllabus. Some books listed here are unavailable or were unavailable for some time in India or parts of it, due to pending court decisions or voluntary withdrawal by the publishers.

Date- Work – Author – Notes:

1892 Risala-i-Jihad,  Pandit Lekh Ram . Pandit Lekh Ram’s Risala-i-Jihad was challenged and a ban was attempted.  

Risala-i-Jihad ya’ri Din-i-Muhammad ki Bunyad (A Treatise on waging holy war, or the foundation of the Muhammadan Religion) caused a considerable outcry, when it was published in 1892.

Until his murder by a Muslim five years later, Lekh Ram continued to stir up animosity with his vituperative writings.”

1985 Quran Religious text On 20 July 1984. H.K. Chakraborty wrote to the Secretary, Department of Home Government of West Bengal, demanding the ban of the Quran.

Chakraborty thereafter with Chandmal Chopra wrote to the Department of Home Government of West Bengal on 16 March 1985. Chopra then filed a writ Petition at the High Court. 

Chandmal Chopra tried to obtain an order banning the Koran, by filing a Writ Petition at the Calcutta High Court on 29 March 1985.

The petition claimed that Sections 153A and 295A of the Indian Penal Code, and Section 95 of the Criminal Procedure Code were often used by Muslims to ban or proscribe publications critical of Islam, and stated that “so far it had been the privilege of the Peoples of the Book to ban and burn the sacred literature of the Pagans.

” Chandmal Chopra thought that the Koran “on grounds of religion promotes disharmony, feeling of enmity, hatred and ill-will between different religious communities and incite people to commit violence and disturb public tranquility…”

 The Telegraph of 9 May 1985 reported that the Union Government would make itself a party in the case, and the Union law minister Ashoke Sen and the attorney-general of the Government of India were going to take action against the case.  

Muslim lawyers after a meeting condemned the case. According to The Telegraph of 10 May, the Chief Minister of West Bengal called the petition “a despicable act”. Other politicians in the Lok Sabha at New Delhi, and the Minister of State for Law condemned the Petition.

 Pakistan’s minister of state for religious and minority affairs claimed that the petition was the ‘worst example of religious intolerance’, and he urged the Indian government to ‘follow the example of Pakistan’ in ensuring freedom of religion. 

The petition was however dismissed in May 1985. The Attorney-General of the Government of India and the Advocate-General of West Bengal appeared in the case.

He argued against Chopra’s petition. On 18 June 1985 Chandmal Chopra filed a review petition, which was dismissed on 21 Jun1993.

Hindu View of Christianity and Islam by Ram Swarup. Ram Swarup’s Hindu View of Christianity and Islam was challenged by Syed Shahabuddin (who previously successfully managed to get the Satanic Verses banned).

Indian authorities were to impose a ban on the book, Syed Shahabuddin asked that the government have the book examined “from the point of view of banning it under the law of the land.”

1995 The Moor’s Last Sigh Salman RushdieThe book contained a character resembling Balasaheb Thackeray, the leader of the right-wing party Shiv Sena.

The book faced protests from the party. The book also contained a dog named, Jawaharlal, named after India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao unofficially banned the book. In September 1995, the local publisher’s Rupa & Co. were asked to stop selling the book while it was being reviewed.

Rupa & Co. decided to approach the Supreme Court of India in response. The court then declared the ban unconstitutional in February 1996.  However, booksellers were reluctant to stock the book in Maharashtra, the home of Shiv Sena, due to the fear of vandalism.

1997 The God of Small Things Arundhati Roy, A lawyer named Sabu Thomas from Kerala filed an obscenity case against the author, claiming that Chapter 21 contains obscene scenes.

1998 The Polyester Prince: The Rise of Dhirubhai Ambani . Hamish McDonald .

2000 Towards Freedom : Sumit Sarkar and K K Panikkar The 10-volume history book project was halted by the Indian Council of Historical Research in early 2000, allegedly because it showed Hindu Mahasabha in a badlight. The project was revived in 2004.

2001 Holy Cow: Beef in Indian Dietary Traditions: Dwijendra Narayan Jha. A preview of the book was posted on a website initially which triggered the controversy.  A spokesperson for the Vishwa Hindu Parishad  stated that the book was an attempt to insult Hindus.

The book allegedly said that beef was eaten by ancient Indians. The author received anonymous threat calls and had to be provided a police escort. A civil court in Andhra Pradesh put a temporary stay order on the book until verdict.

Pushpesh Pant  supported the book by stating that the evidence exists in historical and mythological texts. The book is also known as The Myth of the Holy Cow.

2002 Five Past Midnight in Bhopal Dominique Lapierre and Javier MoroThe book is a dramatized account of the Bhopal disaster. In 2002, Swaraj Puri filed a defamation suit against the authors worth 10 million USD.

Puri, who was the police commissioner of Bhopal during the disaster is mentioned in the book. In 2009, the court put an order to halt the publication of the book.  But, the Madhya Pradesh High Court revoked the order later.

2008 The Lives of Sri Aurobindo Peter Heehs On 5 November 2004, the Odisha High Court put a stay order on the release of the book, after a petition was filed.  

The petitioner alleged that the book is blasphemous and defamatory regarding Sri Aurobindo‘s character.

2010 The Red Sari (El Sari Rojo) Javier MoroThe book was originally published in October 2010 in Spanish.

The book is a fictional  novel allegedly based on Sonia Gandhi. Moro claimed that Congress lawyers and spokesperson Abhishek Singhvi had written to his publishers demanding them to withdraw the book from shops.  

Abhishek Singhvi claimed that the book violated a person’s privacy for monetary gain. The book was finally released in India in January 2015.

2010 Such A Long Journey Rohinton Mistry On 4 October 2010, this 1990 Booker nominated book was removed from the Bachelor of Arts (English) syllabus of the Mumbai University, after Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the student-wing of the Shiv Sena protested.

The book allegedly contained anti-Shiv Sena passages and remarks derogatory to Maharastrians. The protests were led by Aditya Thackeray.  Mistry later expressed his dismay in an open letter to the university.

2013 Dhundi Yogesh Master The author of the Kannada novel was arrested on 29 August 2013, after several Hindu organisations accused the book of containing objectionable material against the god Ganesha.

So, the author was charged under Section 295 A and 298 of the Indian Penal Code. The complaint was filed by Sri Ram Sene leader Pramod Muthalik, and others.

Read more : Rabi Thakurer gaan/

2014 Sahara: The Untold Story by Tamal Bandyopadhyay. Sahara India Pariwar moved Calcutta High Court in December 2013 seeking a stay and filed an Rs. 2 billion defamation suit against the author.

In January 2014, a stay order was issued by the court. In April, both the parties reached an out of court settlement following which the book was published with a disclaimer given by Sahara.

2014 The Descent of Air India Jitendra Bhargava The publisher, Bloomsbury India, agreed to withdraw all copies of the book, after former Aviation Minister Praful Patel filed a defamation suit in a Mumbai court. The publisher also issued a public apology.

And lastly, 2015 Madhorubhagan
(One Part Woman) Perumal Murugan. The writer asked publishers to withdraw all his books from the market and announced that he was giving up writing on 13 January 2015.

The BJPRSS and other Hindu groups had protested his book, and demanded its ban and his arrest. They had alleged that he had portrayed the Kailasanathar temple in Tiruchengode and its women devotees in bad light. The English translation of the book is known as One Part Woman.

2015 Korkai Joe D’Cruz : A complaint was filed against the author in June 2015 in a Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu court alleging the novel had portrayed fishermen, Christianity, priests and nuns in a bad light.


Help taken from Wiki


Sushil Rudra

Latest laptop under 30000/in India India/

LATEST LAPTOPS UNDER 30000/in India. TOP PRODUCTS LIST FEATURES /Best Laptops Under 30000/ in India. Here’s our recommendation list for the best budget laptops to buy for a price point of approximately Rs. 30,000. The very first thing to keep in mind when looking for laptops at this low price, the point is that they are meant for basic tasks and light usage.

Latest Laptops under 30000/in India with best features:

It would be unrealistic to expect a laptop priced around Rs. 30,000 to do it all. However, if your needs are basic, day-to-day tasks like taking notes, researching for studies or looking up recipes while also getting in an episode or two of your show in, then a laptop under Rs 30,000 just might do the job for you.

∆∆ OUR SUGGESTIONS : Read also: The Banned Books In India

Looking Gorgeous:

Some of our suggestions are prices at Rs. 30,000 or a bit higher, but with offers and credit card discounts you should be able to get the pricing very close to the Rs, 30,000 mark. We have recommended slightly higher priced laptops to ensure you don’t miss out on a much more capable laptop just because it is a couple of thousand rupees beyond the mark.

Look Below:

So, here’s our list of the best laptops in the Rs. 30,000 price range that you can buy in India. List of Best Laptops Under 30000 in India PRODUCT NAME SELLER PRICE HP 14s Flipkart ₹34490 HP 245 G7 Tatacliq ₹29090 HP 15 db1069AU Amazon ₹35990 Asus Vivobook X409JA-EK011T Amazon ₹33986 Lenovo S145 81W800THIN Flipkart ₹31039 Dell Inspiron 3480 Flipkart ₹29643 Dell Vostro 3468 Flipkart ₹22990 HP Notebook 14q Amazon ₹28297 Dell Inspiron 3565 Amazon ₹22799 Lenovo IdeaPad 320E Amazon ₹49935

This is another latest Laptops under 30000/

1. HP 14S OS WINDOWS 10 HOME DISPLAY 14″ (1366 X 768) PROCESSOR CORE I3 10TH GEN 1005G1 | 1.2 GHZ MEMORY 256 GB SSD/4GB DDR4 FULL SPECSOTHER HP LAPTOPS While priced about Rs. 30,000 this HP 14s laptop is the most capable and balanced laptop in this list. It comes with the latest 10th gen Intel Core i3 processor and also uses an SSD for storage, which is clearly faster than hard disk drive based laptops.

At 1.47 kilograms, it is also one of the lightest laptops in this list. You get 4GB of RAM and 256GB of SSD based storage. The laptop comes with Windows 10 Home edition OS and features technology like fast charging that claims to charge 50% in approximately 45 minutes.

The laptop also sports all the necessary ports including multiple USB 3.0 ports, a full-sized HDMI port and a headphone jack. The HP 14s also features a 720p webcam to give you decent quality video calling capabilities.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Windows 10 Home Display : 14″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Core i3 10th Gen 1005G1 | 1.2 GHz Memory : 256 GB SSD/4GB DDR4 Weight : 1.47 Dimension : 324 x 225.9 x 19.9 Graphics Processor : Intel Integrated UHD Available ₹ 34490 BUY NOW 2. HP 245 G7 OS WINDOWS-10 DISPLAY 14″ (1366 X 768) PROCESSOR AMD RYZEN 3-3300U | 2.1 GHZ MEMORY 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 FULL SPECSOTHER HP LAPTOPS.

image of Latest Laptops under 30000/

The key feature on this laptop is the AMD Ryzen 3300U processor, which has 4 cores and also comes with Radeon Vega 6 graphics, both of which makes it for a very good performing laptop at the Rs. 30,000 price point. At approximately 1.6 kilogram, this is also a fairly lightweight laptop and offers all the essential connectivity features such as multiple USB ports, an HDMI port, headphone jack that has been combined with the microphone jack and of course, a webcam too.

You can also expect a bit of casual gaming with this laptop, which is an advantage if you do occasionally enjoy casual PC gaming thanks to the Radeon graphics that are baked into the AMD Ryzen 3000 series APU. You will be happy to know that even at this low a price point, you still get a fullHD display.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Windows-10 Display : 14″ (1366 x 768) Processor : AMD Ryzen 3-3300U | 2.1 GHz Memory : 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 Weight : 1.52 Dimension : 335 x 234 x 19.9 Graphics Processor : AMD Radeon Vega 6 Out of Stock ₹ 29090 BUY NOW Available ₹ 31380 BUY NOW 3. HP 15 DB1069AU OS WINDOWS 10 DISPLAY 15.6″ (1366 X 768) PROCESSOR 3RD GEN RYZEN 3 3200U | 2.6 GHZ MEMORY 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 FULL SPECSOTHER HP LAPTOPS The HP 15 (db1069AU) comes with a 15.6-inch HD display and is powered by an AMD Ryzen 3 3200U processor. Which is a good choice for a laptop budget of Rs. 30,000.

This laptop can be used for basic tasks and by students. It has 4GB of RAM and a 1TB hard drive. The laptop weighs 2 kilogrammes and claims to charge itself from 0 to 50 per cent in under 45 minutes. The laptop offers Windows 10 Home edition and Microsoft office 2019 student edition pre-loaded. So, It is a big advantage at this price point. If fast boot times and quick load times are a must, even at this low price range, we recommend upgrading RAM to 8GB and swapping the HDD for an SSD.

As a result, this upgrade will add significantly to the speed of the machine while costing very little additional money. Besides, We should also mention that the price point for this laptop does fluctuate between 30-32K on the online stores. And, there are instances when this laptop drops to 28K level as well. Which makes it a pretty sweet deal!


Windows 10 Display : 15.6″ (1366 x 768) Processor : 3rd Gen Ryzen 3 3200U | 2.6 GHz Memory : 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 Weight : 2.04 Dimension : 245 x 361 x 18 Graphics Processor : AMD Radeon Vega 3 Available ₹ 35990 . BUY NOW Advertisements 4. ASUS VIVOBOOK X409JA-EK011T OS WINDOWS 10 DISPLAY 14″ (1920 X 1080) PROCESSOR 10TH GEN INTEL CORE I3-1005G1 | 1.2 GHZ MEMORY 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 FULL SPECSOTHER ASUS LAPTOPS .

The Asus Vivobook is recommended if you want a thin and light laptop. It’s fairly compact and offers a full HD display. At just 1.6 kilogrammes, this is a light-weight laptop with an anti-glare 14-inch full HD display. It’s suitable for watching videos with higher clarity in comparison to HD displays. Therefore, This laptop packs the latest Intel 10th gen Core i3 processor, which is a pretty good processor at this price point.

You also get 4GB of RAM . And it is soldered onto the motherboard. But there is also an empty SODIMM slot, allowing you to upgrade the memory to a maximum of 12GB. Storage wise also things look good, with 1TB HDD already installed, and an empty m.2 slot for adding a m.2 SSD (not NVMe). The laptop comes with Windows 10 Home edition preloaded.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Windows 10 Display : 14″ (1920 x 1080) Processor : 10th Gen Intel Core i3-1005G1 | 1.2 GHz Memory : 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 Weight : 1.6 Dimension : 216 x 325 x 23 Graphics Processor : Intel Integrated UHD Graphics Available ₹ 33986 BUY NOW.


The key feature on this budget laptop priced around Rs. 30,000 is the processor. And It is one of the few in this list that comes with a 10th Gen Intel Core i3 processor.

So if processor performance is the most important aspect, this laptop is highly recommended.

However, without an OS or a student version of Microsoft Office 2019. Hence, you will have to spend extra on the software side to make this laptop perfectly usable.

So, if you don’t need Windows 10 and prefer an open source OS like Ubuntu desktop, you can save up on that OS cost as well.

Rest of the configuration is pretty standard at this price point. You get 4GB of RAM which can be upgraded and 1B of HDD based storage. The 15.6-inch display is also the basic one with HD resolution.


DOS Display :. 15.6″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Core i3 10th Gen 1005G1 | 1.2 GHz Memory : 1 TB HDD/4 GBGB DDR4 Weight : 1.85 Dimension : 362.2 x 251.5 x 19.9 Graphics Processor : Intel Integrated UHD Available ₹ 31039 BUY NOW.


The Dell Inspiron is another thin and lightweight yet balanced affordable laptop in this list. Besides being lightweight, this laptop also comes with an 256GB SSD drive instead of the conventional hard drive based storage. Finally, makes it faster in terms of storage performance.

So you expect faster boot time as well as fast file copy speeds. The Pentium Gold processor in this laptop is fairly capable for daily tasks like browsing, light office applications, watching videos, etc. Just don’t expect a smooth multitasking experience or even occasional gaming session.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Latest laptops under 30000/in India

Windows 10 Home Display : 14″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Intel Pentium Gold Processor 5405U | 2.30 GHz Memory : 256 GB SSD/4 GBGB DDR4 Weight : 1.79 Dimension : 340 x 240 x 20 Graphics Processor : Intel Integrated UHD Available ₹ 29643 BUY NOW.


The Dell 3468 is a inchher that comes with a 7th-gen Intel Core i3 CPU, 4GB of RAM, and a 1TB hard drive. It runs Ubuntu 14.04 out-of-the-box. If Windows is not a requirement for you, this laptop should be comfortable running the popular Linux distro for light usage.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Windows 10 Display : 14″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Intel i3 – 7100U 7th Gen | 2.4 Memory : 1 TB SATA/4GB DDR4 Weight : 1.76 Dimension : 345 x 243 x 23.4 Graphics Processor : Intel HD Out of Stock ₹ 22990 BUY NOW Available ₹ 28990 BUY NOW.


The HP Notebook 14q is close to the 30,000-rupee mark but seems worth it. It has, on the inside, a 6th-gen Intel Core i3 CPU, 4GB of RAM, a 1TB hard drive. It comes with Windows 10 pre-installed. It’s 1.67 kilogrammes light.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Latest laptops under 30000/in India

Windows 10 Home Display : 14″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Up to 2GHz Intel Core i3-6006U | 2 GHz Memory : 1 TB SATA/4GB DDR4 Weight : 1.67 Dimension : 227 X 350 X 20 Graphics Processor : Intel® HD Graphics 520 Available ₹ 28297 BUY NOW.


Moreover, if you are more bang for your buck, maybe the dell Inspiron 3565 will satisfy your needs. The laptop comes with 6GB of RAM. It is coupled with a AMD dual Core A9 chip.

While this does not have the performance of the Intel i3, it does perform slightly better on the graphics front. The machine packs a 1TB HDD as standard and Windows 10 comes pre-installed.


Windows 10 Home Display : 15.6″ (1366 x 768) Processor : 7th Gen AMD APU Dual Core A6 E2-9000 | 2.4 GHz Memory : 1 TB HDD/4GB DDR4 Weight : 3 Dimension : 261 x 380 x 26 Graphics Processor : AMD Radeon Out of Stock ₹ 22799 BUY NOW Out of Stock ₹ 30000 BUY NOW Advertisements 10.


The Lenovo IdeaPad 320E has a 6th-gen Intel Core i3 CPU, 4GB RAM, and a 1TB HDD. It’s not the fastest in an app-launch race, but it certainly gets the job done if you use the laptop for lightweight tasks like light browsing and word processing.

SPECIFICATIONS OS : Latest laptops under 30000/ in India

Windows 10 Home Display : 15.6″ (1366 x 768) Processor : Core i5 7th Gen -7200U | 3.10 GHz Memory : 2 TB HDD/8GB DDR4 Weight : 2.2 Dimension : 378 x 260 x 23 Graphics Processor : NVIDIA GeForce 920 Available ₹ 49935. BUY NOW Out of Stock ₹ 49990 . BUY NOW Adv. BEST OF LAPTOPS.

So it’s the Best Thin and Light Laptops in India. Best Laptops under 25000. Best 16GB RAM Laptops. Best Budget Laptops for Students. Best Ultrabooks in India. Top 10 Best Business Laptops in India. Best 8GB RAM Laptops. Best Laptops Under 50000. Top 10 Best Laptops in India.

That’s why, it’s Best Laptop for Programmers. Best Budget Gaming Laptop.Best Laptops with Intel Core i5 Processor. Best Touch Screen Laptops. Best Gaming Laptops in India at Best Budget Laptops in India. Best Laptops Under 20000. Best Laptops Under 40000 in India .

Bengal Election – Bad Day Of Democracy

What’s Democracy? Why it is not in a good position?

Bengal Election 2021, has been now going on according to democratic rules. Election Commission is the highest authority to conduct this massive ceremony of democracy. We know that India is a Democratic country and it’s one of the most popular democratic countries in the world. Our country is governed by the people, of the people and for the people. It’s the first and foremost characteristics of the democracy.

The Indian government is the largest and most developed democratic government which has acclaimed a profound reputation in all respects after getting freedom from the British.

We have achieved independence through the lot of struggle. India became a free nation on August 15, 1947 and it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adaptation of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.

It is based on the federal structure of government. Democracy is a system of government in which the citizens exercise powers directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as Parliament.

It also refers to rule of the majority. Here no one can enjoy the power by virtue of inheritence. People elect their leaders. Representatives stand in an election and the citizens vote for their representative. The representative with the most number of votes gets the power.

However, in Bengal, We have lost so many lives in the freedom movement, and the partition. We have lost our neighbours. Bengal has divided into two. Now we are in West Bengal. The rest of Bengalis are now in Bangladesh, a country.

So we are one of the states or provinces of India. Though many Hindu population had to come here from East Bengal after the partition. And still, now Bengali Hindus are coming from Bangladesh.

Why the Hindus are coming from Bangladesh?

Muslims majority Bangladeshi people don’t want Hindus community as their neighbours. So some minority Hindus are still leaving their motherland, and when they feel insecure there, they left their motherland and try to settling down here in West Bengal. Now they’re solvent here.

On the contrary, the Muslim community of West Bengal are gradually expanding because of their uncontrolled birth rates. While Hindus are extremely conscious of the birth rate and don’t want to have more than one child. On the other hand, the Muslim community are uncontrolled about this issue.

They are not aware of birth control. So they are having 7/8 sons and daughters. This is a great problem of our country.

Hope it’s clear to everybody what is democracy! The election procedure is the main criteria to be handled by the election commission for making a stable government.

Everyone has the right to vote for his representative. And if it possible to conduct an election by the Commission smoothly, so there’s no problem.

But the problem is here. There was a time when the election took place very calm and disciplinary way. But after 1970, it had not been possible.

This is not the fault of the Election Commission. Political leaders and their devotee musclemen are responsible for this undemocratic situation. Mainly ruling party has always been trying to capture the booths by their muscle man.

Therefore, gentlemen abstain from voting. Sometimes, muscles men used to threaten the voters not to present in the booth. Sometimes they capture the booths by hook or by the cook.

We have seen it in the previous election. Even it’s now almost a part of the election. Manhandling, death threats, bomb – bursting, brick-throwing to opposition leaders as well as supporters are some of the causes of undemoçratic situations.

Most of the political leaders are not from literate family. Even they have no education. Mainly connected with the corruption, convicted in money -laundering case, forgery and also in criminal charges.

At present, politics mean to manipulate and to manage cores of public money. Let’s see TMC leaders. All most all the leaders are corrupted.

They have taken a lot of money from Rose Valley, Sarada and Narada. Kunal Ghosh, now TMC spokesman, Saugata Roy, Satabdi Roy, Madan Mitra, even Mamata connected with this scam.

Some players of Mamata have changed their party and joined in BJP. I am saying about Mukul Roy and Bharati Ghosh. Both are convicted. They are now under the umbrella of BJP.

Most importantly, the ruling party leaders like Abhisekh Banerjee, Samir Babu, another Minister Jyotipriya Mallick, Arup Roy and so on are tremendously connected with corruption.

This government and their leaders are not out of the question. Ration Scam, Coal scam, Cow supply scam, Sands scam, Tarpaulin –

hustle, etc so many scams are wrapped up in the deep digging . We don’t desire all these scams in democracy.


Lastly, Coal Scam is a great source of party funds. Moreover, it is in the light that in every month 30 to 35 crores Rs of coal money has gone to an account of Rujira in Bangkok Bank, who is the wife of Abhisekh Banerjee, Trinamul MP and nephew of TMC supremo Mamata Banerjee.

We have seen the photos in Quora his Shantiniketan, 5 storied gorgeous building and another beautiful multi-storied building.

We have heard from different Kolkata – based leaders that there are so many buildings and flats in Kolkata of 34 years old Abhisekh. He has also hotels in Puri and Digha. Also Delux Bus services. He has done a lot through cut money, commissions.

Even he has taken lot of bribes by giving services and job transfer etc. Is it proper in democracy?

Mamata now speaking that Central Government is selling Rail, Banks, and other government profitable institutions and they are making money. Is it possible? Or is it Rational?

Rather, she should rectify her own greater families. As a common people, we are to know about the sources of income of her party leaders, along with Abhishek’s sources of income and his properties and Bank balance.

Citizen of Bengal, as well as India and all the media can be able to understand what is going on behind this. It should be clear before the common masses.


But naturally, the ruling party is trying to get hold the power again. If they achieve it, no one can ask them about their corruption.

Common people, mostly villagers couldn’t find the fault of ruling party. They have got some political powers. So they are contented. It’s the politics of appeasement and polarisation.

Present Chief Minister is providing some 500 to 1000 to 2000 per head as different skims and temporary casual works. It’s her policy to attract people and to get a vote in favour of her party.

Educated Unemployment youths have not got any service. So Need to establish an industrial belt, which can provide them employment. Bjp has assured that if they get victory in this legislative assembly Election and form a government, they must implement it.

Need to vocational training and education, lest the youths can learn it in pen to paper and to hand, so that they can do earn something for their livelihood.

Hence, whenever not doing so, ruling party is trying to win in vote – game by muscle powers, and making nuisance, ploralisation and manhandling, Booth – capturing, threatening to common people, it is beyond democracy. It’s called”anarchism”.

Political murdered is now open secret. Opposition party members has killed near about 140 BJP supporters. It’s also against the Democratic system.

Rigging is also against democracy. In spite of that, we need to give vote for our democracy.

Today is 8.4.21. Third round of Election has already ended . The election campaigning for the fourth round today is over.

Therefore, we can hope that the people of West Bengal could have been able to cast their vote in the ballot paper in natural way . Leaders should be careful not to provoking their supporters in acting undemocratically any violence or malpractice in election process.

Casting a vote to his/ her favourite representative is like a sacrifice a flower to his or her God or Goddess in a holy democracy. So don’t pollute it. Hope next phase of election will be furnished with calm and cool. Our right is to save the holy democracy.


 Sushil Rudra

My Dream’s Bird is my own.
Therefore, without it, I can’t live in this world alone.
   From childhood to grey days dreams had swaddled us with the soft hugging.

   Dreams come and dreams go.
Sometimes it’s a daydream. Sometimes a nightmare with tremendous shock, yet I play with these unrealistic games.

Never getting any fruitful solution.
Only running into the darkened resolution.

Let’s my dream bird flies in the sky. O,my dream bird!  
Don’t captivate your small desires in your secret chamber, nor afraid of walking through the dark forest .

Don’t worry to roam in the deep sea. Or climbing at peak of the high mountain, always be firm,
and steady in your journey

Whatever the consequence it’s! So don’t stop enjoying dreams as life is too much uncertain. Why do you not enjoy it?


Oh , My mind , Let plunging into the deep Ocean by the name of Kali. She is the Mistress of this eternal Universe and also our beloved guide.

She is helping us in all our activities in our dream in our pain and suffering in our all duties and responsibilities like a watchtower.

It is always directing us to reach safely towards purification and illuminating world .

Mother ! I have been killing my golden time of life playing with Dolls, and having absented from not doing your work , how could I reach to you ? Tell me , Mother . I’m am sinking into my own digging water body by mistaking . And have spent my times and energies to enjoy instant access of pleasure.

 Mistakenly I have been chased after impure and untrue means . Let you come to me to rescue from this muddy waters of falsehood, as It has been mesmerising me . My toe to head are wrapped up in muds. I am like a drowning boat in the middle of tormented and dreadful waves, having no helmsman to
guide me.

  I am drifting helplessly like a straw . As I have been  tremendously wounded and my soul shivering for uncertainty.

Hence, no one will come to save me but you. Oh my Mother! Please stretch your hands to save a sinking man who is waiting for you.


  by Sushil Rudra

The greatest friend of truth is Time, her greatest enemy is Prejudice, and her constant companion is Humility.” – C C Colton


We think that ours journey towards life are straight, And trouble – free , Not a single stuff and clumsiness might not hinder us to reach our goal . But Is it true ? This is a question of general mob who has no backing of power like chief minister’s nephew .

It’s not life where you never face any deep forest of clouds in your path? Or a dreadful night! Life is a playing field where we play a short term game. May be you succeed by your skilled, or not !

Perhaps I couldn’t. But trying utmost in this short span of life, having lost or gain, no shy . If you start your journey towards light , have to cross so many red and black seas , forests and peaks of the mountains , Even long long desert – may it be , “Gobi Sahara”or run of Cacch, the endless desert.

You have to cross a long way to achieve the immortal vibrant light of Gods . May it be a play or Lila? We ought not to what it is ? But each and everyone must play on in Winter or in the dark rainy night with ”Him”. Never become wearied and exhausted in this race , As it’s your life’s play.

Like a torchlight I have put you in my heart with guarding and fencing. None can reach there except my beloved. No one can able to snatch you from my deep and sensational eyes and heart.

As I see you in my inner eye like a torchlight. When I finished my all fight through the path of dreadful night.

You have gifted me all your love and light , day and night I never miss you as you and me are one . You are my unknown world, silent night , the star of the night and the Sun of the day .

You are my melodies and hymn . I used to draw your picture since time immemorial , you walk through my path in sorrows and Joy , I am wrapped in you , so never fall from the Sky.

আমার এ পথ গেছে বেঁকে তোমার পানে

ক্ষুদ্র এ জীবন , অনিশ্চিত যাত্রা পথ হেসে খেলে ভালবেসে ভরে নাও প্রাণ , হার জিতে হয়ো না বিবশ । গভীর অরণ্য মাঝে শ্বাপদ – সঙ্কুল পথে দিতে হবে পাড়ি, অদম্য শক্তি ও লক্ষ্য পথে অবিচল থেকে যাত্রা কর মুক্তির স্বর্গ – মায়াময় অমরাবতী । শুরু হবে সে খেলা তোমাতে আমাতে , বরষার দিন কিম্বা রৌদ্র-স্নাত শুচি শুভ্র অলস বেলাতে। চোখ মেলে চাও আকাশের পানে , রঙ তুলি দিয়ে কি আঁকো মনেতে ! জীবন যুদ্ধে হয়ো না বিবশ। দিতে হবে পাড়ি ওই দূরে দেখ অমরাবতী ।

আমি তোমার হৃদয় তুলিয়া নিয়েছি আপন করে, দিবস রজনী প্রাণপনে বাঁধি তোমার হৃদয় আমার হৃদয়ে ,নীরবে কাটায় রাতের আঁধারে , বাঁধভাঙা আলো বারবার সাধি , তুমি তোমার হৃদয় তুলিয়া দিয়েছ উজাড় করে । রাত্রি ভোরে।

তুমিই আমার অজানা পৃথিবী নীরব রাতি , রাতের তারা দিনের রবি , বহুকাল ধরে এঁকেছি আমি তোমার ছবি , নয়ন রেখে আমার পানে – পথ হেঁটে যাও গন্ধে ও গানে , চিরকাল তুমি মোর বুকে রবে ও দরদি সাথি ।।

এখানেই আছে স্বর্গ নরক – নহে নহে বহুদূর , ঘুমে জাগরণে অথবা স্বপনে হেসে খেলে যাও পিছে নাহি চাও , দুখে আর সুখে জীবনে মরণে , পাখি হয়ে ওড়ো আকাশে বাতাসে, জোর করে লও প্রাণ মন ভরে হৃদয় সুখ , বাজাও বাঁশরি নিশীথ রাত্রি সময় হয়েছে আলোর যাত্রী – ওই শোনা যায় রিমঝিম সুরে পায়ের নূপুর ।।


  I by Sushil Rudra

My dreams bird/
My dreams bird/
My dreams bird/

Dr. Sushil Rudra

I’m not a Poet or author , but like to write in my leisure time. Perhaps I write for my personal interest as I have been doing a job where regular activities are to discuss literature and linguistic with the students as well as teaching professionals.

I authored 12 books mainly pertaining to research work about literature. Now I am trying to write for the betterment of the trouble affected people . Please read and comment if it’s helpful to you. – S.Rudra

I desire to live in this world, it’s my sweet home. Never I want this world to be a very small like seed or a fruit, Amloki. I want a world which would spread peace and harmony, Certainly, I would get found my world.

Oh my world, please extent yourself, expand unto Brahma and the whole Universe , spread up to endless sky or the entire spaces, near and far . Let My world be eternal, endless and beyond geographical , World!

Oh my dear World, don’t be contracted, nor hopeless, or narrow hearted , and me, rather being small and more smaller would wrap you and hug you with utmost care.Journey Never stop

You become big and I stay small like your obedient child, only for looking into your magistrate I would be very soft like a bunch of silk – very soft and formless, if I get a little alert, being rolled up like a Murshidabad- silk, try to enter into the circle of the ring with gentle courtesy.

The World Is Very Big, It Can Not Be Small like Pond. It’s so old that never been lost.



My dreams bird/
My dreams bird /

Oh, my companion of joy and sorrow, the wind is blowing in my life. Let come to me for wandering another world where there’s no pain and suffering, no betraying, no unemployment, and no corruption like here in space.

The wind is blowing, the wind of outing for any beautiful places with my friends – tell to the trees, let come to outing with me. Let talk to the path that I might  return at late night , don’t wait for me , but keep shutting off thdoor.


You can sing a song for your  remote friends , but that song will be mingled with the drops of the dews in the space . You are to be carried out lots of fairy  tales , – but whom do you tell it ? Whose are your listeners? Before lying down on the bed the people are being absorbed in deep sleep.

Beasts and birds are also out of consciousness, probably they’re in their nest resting to gain the energies for the next expedition.    

                                                           Even the moon  and the  stars are not in an awakened state. Thus we have wasted a massive times throughout our life. Oh  companion of sorrow and delight of my Life, Let’s go to another world of merriment, where the moon and stars, are always ready to welcome.


 by Sushil Rudra

My dreams bird/

Shiuli, the flowers of Autumn moves me into a nostalgia. I suddenly jumped out at the long long past where there was a Shiuli tree at the far end corner of our ancestral home . Still I reach there when Autumn comes.

At every dawn woking up, I used to run to collect the flowers which dropped down on the ground surrounding the tree so that no one comes before me . And takes it up , still I feel the sounds of the dew, and also the sounds of falling Shiuli flowers on the ground of our garden in every Autumn.

Even more prominently I listen the sound of the dew now. A strange and pure smell captivating me and alerting about the presence of Ma Durga.

Her presence wipes out all the pains , sorrows of clouds of the moments. Broken all the isolation , discrimination and remoteness.

Her presence spreads a lot of vibrant lights in our lives. We become enlightened become free like a caged birds when they are uncaged and fly in the sky.

I love to fly from hills to dessert at day and night with my wings. I won’t to be encaged in this narrow, restricted rooms with the unhealthy atmosphere. I want to fly, I want to make a room in the sky.

I feel it more and more in my heart when goddess Durga returns to her parent’s house with her siblings. Removing all the clouds of pain and suffering , spreading all her blessings

She comes here to remove the disease – pandemic with her divine light , Might we get peace and insight .

I don’t know why I again and again get absorbed in those green days. obviously, all those golden days were my long past Autumn.

Note: My childhood days were colourful, and spontaneous . I was a school boy, who had to face a tedious school going. Walking from home about three four km. There was river in between my home and school . we have to cross over this river by boat. In rainy season, the river turns horrible with massive riffling. More lot of home tasks, and exams, our journey of botheration lastly stopped with the dew fall and with the mesmerising scent of the Shiuli, and coming of Gauri Ma, which I still feel in heart , breath and the Sky.

শিউলি ফুলের সুবাস জড়িয়ে তুমি

এখন শরৎ । – শিশিরের শব্দের মত শিউলি ফুলের সুবাস জড়িয়ে ধরে আমাকে সেই ফেলে আসা দিনের মতো আষ্টেপৃষ্টে । আমার ছেলেবেলার ফেলে আসা দিনগুলো প্রতি মূহুর্তের সঙ্গী হয়ে ছায়ার মতো ঘিরে ধরে আমাকে , আমি যেদিকে যাই , সেও চলে আমার পাশে পাশে , আমি নীরব হলে সেও নীরব হয়ে থাকে , অপেক্ষা করে আমার চারপাশে । নীরবে , নিঃশব্দে দেশি-বিদেশি ফুলের সৌরভ নিয়ে ভরিয়ে দিতে চায় , আমিও ভেসে ভেসে পৌঁছে যায় অবগাহন করার সুখ শান্তির আশায়।তারা আসে বাতাসে ছড়িয়ে দিয়ে ভোরের সৌরভ , শিউলির সুবাস , আগমনীর রঙ ও রাংতার সুন্দর আবেশ নিয়ে , – সব রোগ ভোগ দুঃখ কষ্ট মহামারী কে দূরে নিক্ষেপ করে সপাটে , খেদিয়ে দেয় সাত সমুদ্রের তীরে , ওপারে ।মায়ের আগমনে ধরিত্রী হয়ে ওঠে সুন্দর। মধুময় । নব নব সংগীতে ভরে ওঠে প্রাণ । রুপোলি চাঁদের আলোয় গোটা আকাশ কখন যে জায়গা জুড়ে বসে আমার হৃদয় মাঝে আমারই মনের অগোচরে , আমি বুঝতেই পারি না, এই শারদ সকালে এক ঝুড়ি সুবাস জড়িয়ে তার পরশে অনুভব করি আমার শৈশবের ফেলে আসা দিনগুলোকে ।

এখনো আমি আমার শৈশবে ফিরে যাই , আর ফিরে গিয়ে অনুভব করি এখনও যেন কাশফুলের কোমল পুচ্ছ গুলো হাওয়ায় দুলে ওঠে , মৃন্ময়ী মা আগের মতোই চিন্ময়ী হয়ে ওঠে , বাতাসে ভেসে আসে আগমনীর সুর সেই আগের মতই , ঢাকের বাজনাও সেই আগের মতই রোমাঞ্চকর মনে হয় । সব দুঃখ প্রশমিত হয় এক মূহুর্তে , আমার অগোচরে পৃথিবী আলোয় আলোকিত হয়ে যায় , সব ঝড় যায় থেমে মা গৌরী এলে ।


My dreams bird/

Don’t try to live forever. You will not succeed.” — G. B . Shaw

Life of a common people like us is  not bed of roses. We have the right to dream for a better world , but the path is full of hurdles. In this poem this struggling journey is depicted.

Dr. Sushil Rudra

It’s drizzling raining with thunder storms touching me by its cooling sensation. I am wetted with it furious hugging. My bones, my blood and my soul too . The masculine blows like an angry giant shivering and shouting loudly , which touching me , my skin and wounds me , wrapped with black clouds.

What a surprise ! A white gaseous substance coming out from my eyes and uncertain dreams showering like rain without any conscious. So , I , engage in pudding the holes .

I am trying to collect the small pieces of paper and making a boat, Probably, a holy spiritual man sails away for a remote kingdom. The sink of the bathroom has filled in water. I’m then early age, My beloved mother shut off the sink quickly with rebuking me; Noya became hurt,. the Night with full swing and energy as if it stinks out

The Tsunami is live in deep blue sea , nobody survive , I am standing at the end of the Titanic , alone , No friend with me.

I’m alone there, Alone — Going to the deepest sea . The big ice pieces cover me from the poisonous sharpen teethes of Sharks , But I am undone to save Noya from this dreadful situation , May God save her for ever.

I’m as good as dead waiting in the dream world for love and happiness and to hug . So I start for an unknown world where I can get security to live in peace.

Bengali Version:

বাঁচতে চাই আমি তোমার ইশারায় – সুশীল রুদ্র

বৃষ্টি পড়ছে , আর ভিজিয়ে দিচ্ছে উলঙ্গ প্রকৃতির নরম নীল দেহটাকে , গোঁ গোঁ আওয়াজ করে রাগী মাতাল হাতির দলের মতো বিক্ষোভে উত্তাল বাতাস রাতভোর দাঙ্গায় মদমত্ত , বিভোর ; দুর্বৃত্তরা কখনো ক্লান্ত হয় না। কখনো মমতায় হয়না আবিষ্ট। হঠাৎই বিদ্যুৎ স্পৃষ্ট করে গেল আমার সুচিকন চামড়া, চামড়ার অভ্যন্তরে থাকা রক্ত মজ্জা শিরা উপ -শিরা , নেমে এলো মিশকালো এক প্রকাণ্ড মেঘের দল , কেন জানি না , আমার দুচোখ ভরে বেড়িয়ে এলো সাদা সাদা বিষন্ন ভাপ , হঠাৎই অপ্রত্যাশিত স্বপ্নগুলো বর্ষন ধারায় ঝরে পড়তে লাগলো, আর আমি অজান্তেই ফাঁক ফোকরগুলো রুদ্ধশ্বাসে বন্ধ করতে লাগলাম।

টুকরো টুকরো কাগজগুলো দিয়ে তৈরি করতে লাগলাম কাগজের নৌকা , হয়তো কোনো মহাপুরুষ পাড়ি দেবে দুকূল বন্যায় ভেসে গেলে , বাথরুমের সিঙ্কটি ভরে গেছে পরিপূর্ণ জলে খোলা থাকার ফলে, আমার বয়স তখন নেহাত কম , মা দেখতে পেয়ে তাড়াতাড়ি বন্ধ করে দিয়ে ধমক দিলেন আমাকে , আর নোয়া রাত্রি কে সজোরে ধাক্কা মারলো যাতে তার নৌকা ডুবে যায় অকূল সাগরে।

নীল গভীর সমুদ্রে সুনামি চলছে, বাঁচার আশা নেই কোন আর । ডুবন্ত টায়টনিকের এক কোণায় দাঁড়িয়ে আছি আমি , নির্বাক , স্পন্দ হীন পৃথিবী আমার চারপাশে , আর আমি চলেছি একা সঙ্গী হীন গহন সমুদ্রে। আর বরফের চাঁই গুলো আড়াল করে রাখছে আমাকে ধারালো অস্ত্রের মতো তীক্ষ্ণ তিমির দাঁতগুলো আঘাত থেকে। তবুও বাঁচাতে পারলাম কৈ নোয়াকে ! হয়তো ঈশ্বর জানেন কি পরিনাম তার!

এমনি করেই জীবন্মৃত আমি , সুখের আশায় বুক বেঁধেছি অহর্নিশি , নোয়ার গলায় পড়িয়ে মালা চলেছি আমি একাই নিরুদ্দেশের পথে, রক্ষা তরী নেই কো আমার পাশে, অবশ হয়ে গেছে আমার ডানা , আমার শরীর আমার ভূষণ বরফ দিয়ে ঢাকা, মাগো , আমার মা , আমি বড় ই ক্লান্ত একা ।


WORDS after words are woven in fine to making an ornament for surrender in love , Might be a peaceful life . Words build a strong Mansion where we live in. Words are source of Power, love and peace. Words can create a long road , which is loyal to us.

We can’t keep words ever ultimately due to a lack of power and confidence. So we never allow words to make a Dreamland.

In childhood days I dreamt of the entire skies where stars and planets gave me words for sheltering, Its colourful beds wrap up with warm huggings, but it didn’t keep its words to make me vibrant anymore I hoped.

Words are the voice of Lord if it comes from the core of heart, and from the soul , that’s mantras of the sages , are a kind of sagas which by listening heartily can transform our lives .

But it’s very unstable as it puzzles out not alarming. Love words as your siblings, play with them, dance day and night in pain and gain, never exhausted to make it friend in the rain.

Words are atoms, They are from ” One “  And ” One ” derives in many and many more  It takes sometimes an outer surface a cover like the outer surface of a tortoise . It has no deep and sound significance but if it’ vibrant light turns you dumb, after unwanted shivering like an initial jet – jerking you will reach out to the midst of the galaxy, That world is not like Earth. That’s a world of merriment .

Neither any useless mess nor any rough and tough game to make you worried or fix .

These are the words for your renunciation . Crack it and become enriched with its charming love .The words run in plains and sky like a bullet or a Rocket with an aggressive mood to the point and if you’re a true pilot, let go on a eternal voyages..


0h! Trees! Why are you speaking to each other? ” Greens are not safe ” – they answered. A flock of sheep is coming from the field. Some sparrows came sharp and keep flying over the sky like a trembling aeroplane.

Two squirrels challenging each other crossed the yard of the house quickly and embarrassing the jackfruit tree. A shoal of fishes – hunting Herons swooping down to have fish for their lunch.

Some of them waiting in despair on the bank of the pond, like the idle native senior folks, not having any hunt, and The pigeons are cooing perhaps for any conspiration. Don’t know for what purpose!

The rows of the orange tree gardens are beside the street where oranges are glittering with full of juice heading down to the earth to sacrifice its energy for mankind, Till not dropped down on the plane, Perhaps they’re waiting for dripping.

The Papaya trees stand there in the same manner. The mango trees still standing at their place, As if maintaining the silence, unheard of the yellow sounds of Summer.

Indian nightingale, Bau- Katha – Kau playing together, and their round spotted decorative rears making uniform sounds out of its different notes.

And on the trunks of the trees are kept a full plate of black mushrooms. Besides, some refugees are making their rooms for living a peaceful life.

We don’t know why some businessmen whispering to each other! And marking a field with their scale and map. Perhaps this Greenfield gives birth to a big mansion in the future.

All the fields will no longer be there. So there remain no rooms to roam and play for the native children and the seniors. Save the green, please. Please save the sanctuaries for future

Bengali Version:

হারিয়ে যেও না সবুজ

একদল চড়ুই পাখি মেহেন্দির ঝোঁপ থেকে উড়ে গেল আকাশে , প্রারম্ভিক যাত্রা কালে কম্পমান আকাশযানের মতো জড়তা নিয়ে – , দুটো কাঠবিড়ালী একে অপরকে ধেয়ে চলে তড়িৎবেগে ওই প্রাচীন কাঁঠাল গাছের বিশালকার গুঁড়িটার দিকে বিদ্যুৎবেগে, সম্ভবত কিছু খাবারের সন্ধানে । মাছ খেকো বকগুলো বিমর্ষ হয়ে অপেক্ষমান বড় পুকুর পাড়ে একই উদ্দেশ্যে , ঠিক যেন অপেক্ষমান গ্রাম্য বুড়োর দল বন্ধুদের সাহচর্য পাওয়ার আশায় ।

আর কবুতরের দল নিস্তব্ধতার বুকের উপর যেন হাতুড়ি মেরে সজাগ করে দেয় পরিবেশকে ।

পাহাড়ি রাস্তার দুদিকে সারিবদ্ধ কমলা লেবুর গাছগুলো রাশি রাশি কমলা তার পরিপূর্ণ সুগন্ধি সুবাস নিয়ে বৃন্তকে জড়িয়ে ধরে , ঘাড় উঁচিয়ে মাথা নিচু করে ঝুলে রয়েছে তাদের শরীরের যৌবন উদ্ভাস নিয়ে, এখনও বৃন্ত চ্যুত হয়নি তারা , – হয়তো হবে এমন ভাবনায় অপেক্ষমান

পেঁপে গাছগুলো একই রকম ভাবে পরপর দাঁড়িয়ে । মূক নীরবতা পালন করছে আম গাছগুলো কালের সাক্ষী হয়ে । হয়তো কয়েক পুরুষের সাক্ষী এরা । গ্রীষ্মের হলুদ চাদরে ঢাকা আদিগন্ত, বউ – কথা – কও পাখিরা রঙ বদলের খেলায় মেতেছে, লাল টিপ মোড়া রঙ বাহারি লেজের স্পন্দনে হাজার শব্দের সুর মিলিত হয়ে ঐক্য তান রণিত হচ্ছেl

আর গাছের গুঁড়ির উপর এক প্লেট কালো মাশরুম উঁকি দিচ্ছে , যে রাস্তা দিয়ে সবুজ ফড়িংগুলো ভ্রমণে বেড়িয়েছিল তা তাদের পরশে মখমলের মত নরম পেশমী চাদরের রূপ ধারণ করলো , আমি অবাক বিস্ময়ে হতবাক হয়ে গেলাম ‌। এছাড়া ছড়িয়ে ছিল দুর্মর কঠিন শুকনো বিবর্ণ খসে যাওয়া শামুকের আভরণ , যার উপর দাঁড়িয়ে নিচু স্বরে কথা বলছিল কিছু সন্দিগ্ধ মানুষ ।

বস্তুত , আমি বিশ্বাস রাখতেই পারি ওই কাকগুলো কিম্বা চতুর ইঁদুর গুলোর উপর , কেননা লোভী মানুষ মাপজোক করছে সবুজের এ প্রান্ত থেকে ও প্রান্ত ব্লু প্রিন্টের উপর চোখ রেখে ।।# Greens Are Not SafePoems

The Repentance in life

Crucified Jusus is the mark of suffering which we have to face in this materialistic world. Bhagavan Sri Krishna died on account of the curse. Sri Chaitanya was tortured by the pandas ( the Brahmins of Puri Mandir).

Sri Ramachandra was exiled by Dasaratha for 14 years. Because it was his father’s advice. As Dashararha had kept words to his another wife and Ramchandra’s step mother, Koikeyi.

Lord Buddha left His Kingship and its comforts and took renunciation having learnt that this worldly life of pleasures is temporal.

Hence, All the incarnations of God had to face so many hurdles and sufferings in their lives. It’s proved that life is nothing but a battlefield. It is not a bed of roses. We have to battle here for achieving the goal. Therefore, we have to fight.

You can succeed or failed to success. So to overcome this battle, you have to shelter in God and walk forward according to the direction and the way they told.

Repentance is a mental state of a man who did wrong or spent his or her days in worldly possessions, affairs, being forgot the supreme being. Vidyapati , a Vaisnav Poet and Saint wrote in a poem :

” Aadhah Janamo ham nide gangaulu / jara sishu katodin gela / Nidhubone ramoni rasorange matalu / tohe bhajobo kon Bela.” And lastly he said: “Bhanoe Vidyapati, Shes shamono bhoi / Tua bina goti nahi aara.”

We see here the repentance of a Vaisnav Poet.

Hopkins : The Pepsodent – man

Dr. Sushil Rudra

His name is Claude Hopkins – an American, famous for his toothpaste” Pepsodent” and became a very rich man for his multi-national businesses. So, he was famous for the name: ” Hopkins: The Pepsodent- man” and it was possible to him for his power of habit.

But how?

It was the early 1900. One day one of his best friends approached Hopkins with a new business idea. The friend had discovered an amazing product. He explained, that he was convinced would be a hit. It was toothpaste, a minty, frothy concoction he called ” Pepsodent”.

There were some dicey investors involved and another, it was rumoured, was connected to the mob – but this venture, the friend promised, was going to be huge. If, this is, Hopkins would consent to help design a national promotional campaign.

We came to know from different sources that, Hopkins, at that time, was at the top of a booming industry that had hardly existed a few decades earlier: advertising.

Hopkins : The Pepsodent – man was business – ads – man who had convinced Americans to buy Schlitz beer by boosting that the company cleaned their bottles ” with live steam”, while neglecting to mention that every other company used the exact same method.

There is another incident, Hopkins: the Pepsodent- man, had succeed to introduce in America. It is Palmolive soap which was used in every household of America by dint of his powerful habits.

He had seduced millions of women into purchasing Palmolive soap by proclaiming that Cleopatra had washed with it, despite the sputtering protests of outraged historians.

Hopkins : The Pepsodent – man, with the power of habits, had to introduce so many items in the market and succeeded.

For example, he had made Puffed Wheat famous by saying that it was ” shot from guns ” until the grains puffed to eight times normal size.

Hopkins had turned dozens of previously unknown products – Quaker Oats, Goodyear tires, the Bissell carpet sweeper, Van Camp’s pork and beans – into household names.

And in process, he had made himself so rich that his best-selling autobiography, My life in Advertising, devoted long passages to the difficulties of spending so much money.


HOPKINS Was best known for a series of rules he coined explaining how to create new habits among consumers. These rules would transform industries and eventually became conventional wisdom among marketers, educational reformers, public health professionals, politicians, and CEOs.

Even today, Hopkins’s rules influence everything from how we buy cleaning supplies to the tools governments use for eradicating the disease. They are fundamental to creating any new routine.

However, when his old friend approached Hopkins about Pepsodent, the ad man expressed only mild interest. It was no secret that the health of Americans’ teeth was in steep decline.

Why such conditions?

As the nation had become wealthier, people had started buying larger amounts of sugary, processed foods. When government started drafting men for World War 1, so many recruits had rotting teeth that officials said poor dental hygiene was a national security risk.

Of course, Hopkins knew that selling toothpaste was financial suicide. He noticed, there was already an army of the door to door salesman hawking dubious tooth powders and panaceas, most of them going broke.

The truth was that hardly anyone bought toothpaste because, despite the nation’s dental problems, hardly anyone brushed their teeth.

Naturally, Hopkins gave his friend’s proposal a bit of thought and then declined. He would stick with soaps and cereals. He said, ” I didn’t see a way to educate the laity in technical tooth-paste theories”- Hopkins explained in his autobiography.

However, his friend was persistent. He didn’t give up his hopes. But again and again continued to appeal to Hopkins. And eventually, as man, Hopkins had considered his friend’s proposal.

He wrote :

” I finally agreed to undertake the campaign if he gave me a six months’ option on a block of stock”.

It would be the wisest financial decision of Hopkins’s life. Within five years of that partnership, Hopkins turned Pepsodent into one of the best known products on earth and, in the process, helped create a tooth-brushing habit that moved across America with startling speed.

Soon, everyone from New York to California and almost all over the country was bragging about their ” PEPSODENT SMILE ”.

Gradually, by 1930, Pepsodent sold in China, South Africa, Brazil, Germany, and almost anywhere else. Hopkins could buy ads. A decade after the first Pepsodent campaign, toothbrushing had become a ritual for more than half the American population.

So, Hopkins was the man who had established toothbrushing as a regular habit.

Of course, there was a secret behind this success. Hopkins would later boast, was that he had found a certain kind of cue and reward that fuelled a particular habit.

It’s an alchemy so powerful that even today the basic principles are still used by food companies, hospitals, and millions of salesmen around the world.

Eugene Pauly taught us about the habit loop, but it’s Claude Hopkins that showed how new habits can be cultivated and grown.

So what he did?

He had created a craving. And that craving, it turns out, is what makes cues and rewards work. That craving is what powers the habit loop.

However, it is found that approximately 43% of daily behaviours are performed out of habits. New behaviours can become automatic through the process of habit formation.

Swami Vivekananda, the great Indian monk, told :

” Habit is one’s second nature, and habit is one’s first nature too. All that is in your nature is the result of habit, and habit is the result of experience”.

However, Hopkins had tried to incorporate the craving into the public that they could purchase and use the items. And succeed.

To sell Pepsodent, Hopkins required a trigger that would justify the toothpaste’s daily use. He also resolved to advertise this toothpaste as a creator of beauty. To get these ideas , Hopkins had to study a pile of dental textbooks.

Hopkins’s Conception Of The Pepsodent Habit Loop/Hopkins:the Pepsodent- man/imageThe Pepsodent – man / image:

Hopkins wrote:

” It was dry reading… but in the middle of one book I found a reference to the mucin plaques on teeth, which I afterwards called ‘ the film’. That gave me an appealing idea.

I resolved to advertise this toothpaste as a creator of beauty. To deal with that cloudy film.”

Now we will try to understand the feelings of Hopkins about tooth film. In fine, in directing tooth film, Hopkins was ignoring the fact that this same film has always covered people’s teeth. And that’s why he had not seemed to bother anyone.

The film is a naturally occurring membrane. It builds upon teeth regardless of what you eat. Or how often you brush. People had never paid much attention to it. And therefore, there was little reason why they should:

For instance,

You can get rid of the film by eating an apple. Or running your finger over your teeth, brushing. vigorously swirling liquid around your mouth. Toothpaste didn’t do anything to help remove the film.

Some dental researchers also said that all toothpastes – particularly Pepsodent , were worthless. But that didn’t stop Hopkins from exploiting his discovery.

He tried to make a cue that could trigger a habit. Soon, the advertisement of Pepsodent had plastered in the cities.

One is here: ” Just run your tongue across your teeth,”. ” You’ll feel a film – that is what makes your teeth look ” off color” and invites decay.

Another: ” Note how many pretty teeth are seen everywhere.”

Again another ads : ” Millions are using a new method of teeth cleansing. Why would any woman have dingy film on her teeth? Pepsodent removes the film!”

Let’s see the language of the ads. How brilliant it is! The brilliance of these appeals was that they relied upon a cue – tooth film. – that was universal and impossible to ignore.

Hopkins The Pepsodent – man, had found a cue. That was simple, had existed for ages. And it was so easy to trigger that an advertisement could cause people to comply automatically.

Moreover, the reward, as Hopkins envisioned it, was even more enticing. So, it’s clear that everyone want to be more beautiful. Who doesn’t want a brighter smile?

Next, it is history. Within three years, the Pepsodent toothpaste went marketing throughout the world. And within a decade, it was one of the top-selling goods in the world.

Pepsodent remained America’s best – selling toothpaste for three decades.

In American household, only 7%(percent) had a tube of toothpaste in their shelf before Pepsodent came to market.

Read more:The First Love Of Rabindranath Thakur, /

Hopkins started campaigning for Pepsodent in America. During this period, peoples did not purchase any toothpaste.

But after a decade, its consumption had jumped to 65%. At that time American military had to clean their teeth perfectly.

Even there had no provision to recruit orally defected person in the military. So the demand for pepsodent raised.


Therefore, Hopkins got the privilege to marketing Pepsodent massively. ” I made for myself a million dollars on Pepsodent.” He wrote after few years about his success. This product was already on every shelf of the American household.

Again he described in his autobiography – ” The key to success was his deep and profound knowledge of the right human psychology. That psychology had two basic rules: First, find a simple and obvious cue. Second, clearly define the rewards.”

This two rules had acted like magic. He had identified a cue – tooth film and a reward, that’s beautiful teeth. It had persuaded millions to start a daily ritual.

Finally, Hopkins’s ad theory got universal rules into practice in marketing. Motivation & Habit( how to reach the goal/

Dr Sushil Rudra